Advances in Applied Psychology
Articles Information
Advances in Applied Psychology, Vol.1, No.2, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 24, 2015
Emotional Intelligence and Personality Stability Among Urban Adolescents in Nigeria
Pages: 135-144 Views: 2719 Downloads: 1835
[01] John N. N. Ugoani, College of Management and Social Sciences, Rhema University, Aba, Abia State, Nigeria.
The study was designed to explore the degree of relationship between emotional intelligence and personality stability among urban adolescents. Emotional intelligence is a psychological concept that deals with human emotions and intervenes for positive behaviours. Personality is an individual difference that lends consistency to a person’s behavior. The humanistic theory emphasizes individual growth and suggests that self-actualizers naturally have stronger emotional intelligence. People struggling to meet lower order needs and arguably even middle order needs tend to have lower emotional intelligence than self-actualizers Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs explain that all needs other than self-actualization are deficiency drivers, which suggests in other words some emotional intelligence development potential or weakness. The Big Five personality theory includes emotional stability which suggests a positive relationship with emotional intelligence. The survey design was used for the study. Prototype questionnaire based on the self-report emotional intelligence scale was used for data collection. The study found very strong positive relationship between emotional intelligence and personality stability.
Emotional Intelligence, Personality Stability, Adolescents, Emotions, Psychological
[01] Ackerman, P. L and Heggestad, E.D (1997) Intelligence, Personality and Interests. Evidence for overlapping traits. Psychological Bulletin, 121 (2) pp: 219-245.
[02] Atta, M, Athar, M, and Bano, M (2013) Emotional Intelligence and Personality Traits Among University Teachers: Relationship and Gender Differences International Journal of Business and Social Science Vol. 4, No. 17, Pp: 253-259.
[03] Bar-On (1992) The development of a concept and test of psychological well-being. Unpublished manuscript Tel Aviv.
[04] Bar-On (1997) Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory. Technical Manual Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
[05] Bar-On (2002) Emotional and Social Intelligence: Insights from the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) In R Bar-On and J.D.A Parker (eds). Handbook of Emotional Intelligence: Theory Development, Assessment and Application at Home, School, and in the Workplace. San Francisco. Jossey-Bass pp: 363-88.
[06] Bar-On, R, and Parker, J.D.A (2000) The Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version (EQ-i: xv) Technical Manual Toronto, Canada: Multi Health Systems.
[07] Bar-On, R, (2004) The Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i): Rationale, Description and Summary of Psychometric Properties. In G Geher (eds.) Measuring Emotional Intelligence: Common Ground and Controversy. Hauppauge, N.Y Nova Science Publishers, pp: 111-42.
[08] Bar-On, R Maree, J.G and Elias, M, J, (2005) Educating People to be Emotionally Intelligent. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Educational Publishers.
[09] Barnett, L.F, Salovey, P (2002) The Wisdom of Feeling: Psychological Processes in Emotional Intelligence. New York Grilford Press.
[10] Beer, M. and Nohria, N, (2000) Craking the Code Change: Harvard Business Review May/June, 133-141.
[11] Boyatzis, R. E, Goleman, D, and Rhee, K. S (2000) Clustering Competence in Emotional Intelligence. In R Bar-On and J.D.A Parker (eds.) The Handbook of Emotional Intelligence. pp: 343-362, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
[12] Brackett, M. A and Mayer, J.D (2003) Convergant, Discriminant, and Incremental Validity of Competing Measures of Emotional Intelligence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 29(10) 1-2.
[13] Brown, R. F and Schutte N.S (2006) Direct and Indirect Relationships Between Emotional Intelligence and Subjective fatigue in University Students. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 60(6), 585-593.
[14] Caruso, D. R, Mayer, J. D, and Salovey, P, (2002) Relation of an Ability Measure of Emotional Intelligence to Personality Journal of Personality Assessment, 79 (2), 306-320.
[15] Chatman, J. A and Barsade, S.G (1995) Personality, Organisational Culture, and Co-Operation. Evidence from a Business Simulation. Administrative Science Quarterly. 40:423-443.
[16] Cohen, J (1999) Educating Minds and Hearts. Social Emotional Learning and the passage into Adolescence. New York, Teachers’ College Press.
[17] Costa, P.T and McCrae, R. R (1992) The NEO-PI Personality Inventory Odessa, Fla. Psychological Assessment Resources.
[18] Damasio, A (1999) The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the making of Consciousness. New York, Harcourt.
[19] Davidson, R, Jackson, D.C, and Kalin, N. H (2000) Emotion, Plasticity, Context and Regulation: Perspectives from Affective Neuroscience. Psychological Bulletin, 126(6), 890-909.
[20] Davies, M, Stankov, and Roberts, R.D (1998) Emotional Intelligence: In Search of an elusive construct. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 989, 1015.
[21] Di Fabio, A and Blustein, D. L (2010) Emotional Intelligence and Decisional Conflict Styles: Some Empirical Evidence among Italian High School Students. Journal of Career Assessment, 18(1) 71-81.
[22] Effiong, J (2015) If you want B’Haram in S’East, Provide adequate Security. Daily Sun, vol. 10, No. 3185, pp:50.
[23] Effiong, J, and Efo, G (2015) Desist from violence, Youths told. Daily Sun, Vol. 10, No. 3185, pp. 10.
[24] Eysenck, H. J (1990) Biological Dimensions of Personality. In L. A Pervin (ed.) Handbook of Personality Theory and Research. Pp: 246. New York, Grilford Press.
[25] Feldman, R. S (2007) Understanding Psychology. 6th Edition – New Delhi, Tata McGraw-Hill.
[26] Gardner, H, (1983) Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York, Basic Books.
[27] Geher, G (2004) Mastering Emotional Intelligence: Common Ground and Controversy. Hauppauge, N.Y. Nova Science Publications.
[28] Goleman, D (1995) Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ, New York Bantam Books.
[29] Goleman, D (1998) Working with Emotional Intelligence New York Bantam Books.
[30] Goleman, D. (2001) Emotional Competence Inventory (ECI), New York, Bantan Books.
[31] Hergenhahn, B. R, and Olson, M.H. (1999) Carl Jung: An Introduction to theories of Personality New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
[32] Hofstede, G (2001) Culture’s Consequences. 2nd Edition. Thousand Oaks, C.A Sage.
[33] Katyal, S, and Awgathi, E, (2005) Gender Differences in Emotional Intelligence Among Adolescents of Chandigarh. J Hum. Ecol 17/2), 153-155.
[34] Khosroshahi, J.B, Abadl, T.H and Abassi, N.M (2013) The Relationship Between Personality Traits Emotional Intelligence and Happiness Among University Student. Journal of Kermanshah, University of Medical Sciences 16(6).
[35] Mayer, J.D Caruso, D. R and Salovey, P (2000) Models of Emotional Intelligence. In R. Sternberg (eds.) Handbook of Intelligence. Pp: 396-200 Cambridge, England. Cambridge University Press.
[36] Mayer, J.D and Salovey, P (1997) What is Emotional Intelligence? In P Salovey and D. Sluyter (eds.) Emotional Development and Emotional Intelligence: Implication for Educators. Pp: 3-34, New York, Basic Books.
[37] Mayer, J. D, Salovey, P and Caruso, D. R (2002) Mayer Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) Users Manual, Toronto, Ontario, MHS Publishers.
[38] Myers, D. C (1998) Psychology. 5th edition New York, Worth Publishers.
[39] Nasir, M, and Masur, R. (2010) An Exploration of Emotional Intelligence of the Students of 11U1 in Relation to Gender, Age, and Academic Achievement. Bulletin of Education and Research, 37-51.
[40] Nelson, D. L and Quick, J.C (2003) Organizational Behaviour: Foundations, Realities and Challenges. 4th edition USA South Western Publishers.
[41] Nmom, O. C (2014) Indiscipline among Youths: The Bane To Nigerian Democratic Practice and Sustenance. African Social and Educational Journal Nigerian Edition. Vol. 3, No. 2, pp:41-48
[42] Maslow, A. (1954) Motivation and Personality: New York, Harper and Row Publishing Company.
[43] Palmer, B, Donaldson, C, and Stough, C (2002) Emotional Intelligence and life satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 33, 1091-1100.
[44] Petrides, K. V, and Furnham, A, (2000) Trait Emotional Intelligence Psychometric Investigation with Reference to Established Trait Taxonomies. European Journal of Personality, 15, 425-448.
[45] Petrides, K, V, Pita, R, Kokkinaki, F (2007) The Location of Trait Emotional Intelligence in Personality Factors Space. British Journal of Psychology 98, 273-289.
[46] Petrides, K, V, and Furnham, A (2000a) On the Dimensional Structure of Emotional Intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 313-320.
[47] Petrides, K, V and Furnham, A, (2003) Trait Emotional Intelligence: Behavioural Validation in two Studies of Emotion Recognition and Reactivity to Mood Induction. European Journal of Personality, 17, 39-75.
[48] Petrides, K, V, Vernon, P. A, Schermer, J. A, Ligthart, L Boomsma, D. I and Veselka, L. (2010) Relationship Between Trait Emotional Intelligence and Big Five in the Netherlands, Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 906-910.
[49] Regan, P. C (2000) Love Relationships. In L.T Sruchmen and F.Muscarella (eds.) Psychological Perspectives on Human Sexuality, New York Wiley.
[50] Reisberg, D (1997) Cognition: Exploring the Science of Mind New York, W. W Norton.
[51] Reeves, R. A, Bakar, G. A, Boyd, J. C, and Cialdini, R. B (1991) The door-in-the face Technique: Reciprocal Concessions vs. Self-Presentational Explanations Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality, 6, 545-558.
[52] Roberts, R. D, Zeidner, M, and Mattews, G (2001) Does Emotional Intelligence Meet Traditional Standards for an Intelligence? Some New Data and Conclusions. Emotion, 1, 196-231.
[53] Rubin, M.M, (1999) Emotional Intelligence and its role in mitigating aggression: A Correlational Study of the Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Aggression in Urban Adolescents. Unpublished Dissertation, Immaculata College, Pennsylvania.
[54] Osuala, E. C (2007) IntroductionTo Research Methodology. Onitsha Africana First Publishers Ltd.
[55] Prochaska, J.O (1999) How do People Change, and How Can We Change to Help Many More People? In M.A Hubbie B.I Duncan, and S.D Miller (eds) The Heart and Soul of Change. What Works in Therapy pp: 227-258. Washington, D.C American Psychological Association.
[56] Prochaska, J.O, D, Clemente, C. C, and Norcross, J.C (1992) In Search of How People Change. Application to Addictive Behaviours. American Psychologist, 47, 1102-1114.
[57] Saklofske, D. H, Eustin, E.J and Minski, P.S (2003) Factor Structure and Validity of a Trait Emotional Intelligence Measure. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 1091-1110.
[58] Sala, F. (2002) Emotional Competence Inventory (ECI). McClelland Centre for Research & Innovation.
[59] Salgado, J.F (1997) The Five Factor Model of Personality and Job Preference in the European Community. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82, 30-43.
[60] Salovey, P and Mayer, J. D (1990) Emotional Intelligence, Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 9(3) 185-211.
[61] Salovey, P, Mayer, J. D, Goldman, S. L, Turvey, C, and Palfai, T. P (1995) Emotional Attention, Clarity, and Repair Exploring Emotional Intelligence using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. In J.W Pennebaker (ed) Emotion, disclosure, and health, pp:125-154, Washington, D. C American Psychological Association.
[62] Schutte, N. S, Malouff, J. M, Hall, L.E, Haggerty, D. J, Cooper, J.T and Golden, C. J, (1998) Development and Validation of Measure of Emotional Intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 25, 167-177.
[63] Soto, C. J.Jbon, O. P, Gosling, S. D, and Potter, J, (2011) Age Differences in Personality Traits from 10 to 65: Big Five Domains and Facets in a Large Cross-Sectional Sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100 (2), 330-348.
[64] Taksic, V and Mohovic, T, (2006) The Role of Trait Emotional Intelligence in Positive Outcomes in Life. 3rd European Conference on Positive Psychology 3-6, July, Braga.
[65] Taylor, J.G, Parker, J.D.A and Bagby, R. M (1999) Emotional Intelligence and the Emotional Brain: Points of Convergence and Implication of Psychoanalysis Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis 27(3), 339-354.
[66] Triandis, H. C (2004) The Many Dimensions of Culture. Academy of Management Executive, 2004, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp: 88-93.
[67] Trinidad, D. R and Johnson, C. A (2002) The Association Between Emotional Intelligence and Early Adolescent Tobacco and Alcohol Use. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 95-105.
[68] Ugoani, J.N.N and Ewuzie, M. A (2013) Imperative of Emotional Intelligence on Psychological Wellbeing among Adolescents. American Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp: 44-48
[69] Weisberg, Y, J, Deyoung, C.G and Hirsh, J.B (2011) Gender Differences in Personality across 10 Aspects of Big Five. Frontiers in Psychology, 2 1-11
[70] Woltfradt, U. W, E, Felfe, J and Koster, T (2001) Self-Perceived Emotional Intelligence and Creative Personality. Industrial and Organizational Psychology Papers 24(4) 293.
[71] Watson, D. L and Tharp, R.G (1985) Self-Directed Behaviour: Self-Modification for Personal Adjustment. 4th edition California Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.