Advances in Applied Psychology
Articles Information
Advances in Applied Psychology, Vol.2, No.1, Feb. 2016, Pub. Date: Jan. 28, 2016
Physical Health and Medication Related Consequences of Domestic Violence in Dubai, UAE
Pages: 7-13 Views: 2383 Downloads: 845
[01] Hussein H., Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[02] Al Faisal W., Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[03] Al Serkal F., Health Centers Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[04] El Sawaf E., Health Centers Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[05] Wasfy A., Statistics and Research Department, Ministry of Health, Dubai, UAE.
Background: Violence is a major obstacle to development. The manifestations and forms of violence vary in different settings. “Domestic violence” has been used to describe acts of violence between family members, including adult partners, a parent against a child, caretakers or partners against elders and between siblings. Objectives: To study physical health and medication related consequences of domestic violence among Dubai women population and the extent to which intimate partner violence is associated with a range of health outcomes. Methodology: A cross sectional study on 700 Emirati women selected randomly from Primary health care centers by systematic random sampling using Epi-info epidemiological software. All ever-married women aged 15-49 years, and seeking medical care in PHC at Dubai. A structured standardized interview questionnaire was utilized as data collection tool. Results: A significant high percentage of women reported a range of current (within the past weeks) effects on health, including self-perceived poor health, problems with activities of daily living, and other physical health indicators. It was noted that a significant high percentage of women exposed to physical violence or a combination of physical with sexual or a combination of three types of violence had current ill health than women exposed to other types of violence or other combinations. High percentage of women experience lifetime of different types of IPV were also significant association with usage of medication (either prescription or over- the-counter) within the past 4 weeks. The results shows that lower percentage of women who are not exposed to physical violence are using medication to sleep (8%), to reduce depression (6.8%), to reduce pain (40%) compared to those exposed to different type of violence. Conclusions: Women who were exposed to violence reported current symptoms of many problems. Women who experienced any type of violence alone or in a combination will use medication to reduce pain, sleep and treat depression. Experiencing Moderate to severe physical violence, combination of physical and sexual violence and any type of IPV are the predictors.
Physical Health, Medication, Consequences, Domestic Violence, Dubai
[01] Heise, L.; Pitanguy, J.; Germaine, A. Violence against women: The hidden health burden. Washington, D.C: The World Bank; Discussion paper 1994; 225: 46.
[02] Krantz G, Garcia-Moreno C. Violence against women. GLOSSARY J Epidemiol Community Health 2005; 59: 818–821.
[03] Mohammadi G, Amiraliakbari S, Ramezankhani A, Majd HA. Poor reproductive health among a group of sociallydamaged Middle Eastern women: a cross-sectional study. Int J Womens Health. 2011; 3: 399-403. Epub 2011 Nov 24.
[04] Bakr IM, Ismail NA. Domestic violence among women attending out-patient clinics in Ain Shams University Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2005; 80(5-6): 629-50.
[05] Frieze, I.H., Browne, A. (1989) Violence in Marriage. In L.E. Ohlin & M. H. Tonry (eds.) Family Violence. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
[06] The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, General Assembly Resolution, December 1993.
[07] Groves B, Augustyn M, Lee D, Sawires P, Identifying and responding to domestic violence consensus recommendations for child and adolescent health. Family Violence Prevention Fund, US department of health and human services, administration for children and families and the Conrad N. Hilton foundation, December 7, 2001.
[08] Garcia-Moreno C, Jansen H, Ellsberg M, Heise L, and Watts C. WHO multi-country Study on women’s health and domestic violence against women: Initial results on prevalence, health outcomes and women’s responses. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 2005.
[09] Garcia-Moreno, C., Jansen H.A, Ellsberg M, Heise L, Watts C.H. Prevalence of intimate partner violence: Findings from the WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence. The Lancet.2006; 368(9543): 1260-9.
[10] Chibber KS, Krishnan S. Mt Sinai J Med. 2011 May-Jun; 78(3): 449-57. Review.
[11] Dillon G, Hussain R, Loxton D, Rahman S. Mental and Physical Health and Intimate Partner Violenceagainst Women: A Review of the Literature. Int J Family Med. 2013; 2013: 313909. Epub 2013 Jan 23.
[12] Kirby AC, Beckham JC, Calhoun PS, Roberts ST, Taft CT, Elbogen EB, Dennis MF. An examination of general aggression and intimate partnerviolence in women with posttraumatic stress disorder. Violence Vict. 2012; 27(5): 777-92.
[13] JC, Falder G, Petzold M, Astbury J, Watts CH. Intimate partner violence and incident depressive symptoms and suicide attempts: a systematic review of longitudinal studies. Devries KM, Mak JY, Bacchus LJ, Child PLoS Med. 2013; 10(5): e1001439. Epub 2013 May 7.
[14] Devries K, Watts C, Yoshihama M, Kiss L, Schraiber LB, Deyessa N, Heise L, Durand J, Mbwambo J, Jansen H. Violence against women is strongly associated with suicide attempts: evidence from the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence against women. et al. Soc Sci Med. 2011 Jul; 73(1): 79-86. Epub 2011 May 27.
[15] World Health Organization, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine: Preventing Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Against Women: Taking Action and Generating Evidence. World Health Organization: Geneva; 2010.
[16] Domestic violence against women and girls, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Innocenti Research Centre for an earlier Digest no. 6, June 2000.
[17] Ludermir, A. B., Schraiber, L. B., D'Oliveira, A. F., França-Junior, I., & Jansen, H. A.Violence against women by their intimate partner and common mental disorders. A.B. Ludermir et al. Social science & medicine, 2008, 66.4: 1008-1018.
[18] Hindin M. J, Kishor S, Ansara D. L. Intimate Partner Violence among Couples in 10 DHS, Countries: Predictors and Health Outcomes, DHS Analytical Studies No. 18. December 2008.
[19] Clark C.J, Bloom D.E, Hill A.G, Silverman J.G. Prevalence estimate of intimate partner violence in Jordan. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2009, 15.4: 880-889.
[20] Fanslow J. L, Robinson E. M. Violence against women in New Zealand: prevalence and health consequences. 2004.
[21] Ali TS, Asad N, Mogren I, Krantz G. Intimate partner violence in urban Pakistan: prevalence, frequency, and risk factors. Int J Womens Health. 2011 Mar 16; 3: 105-15.
[22] Djikanovic, B., Jansen, H. A., Otasevic, S. Factors associated with intimate partner violence against women in Serbia: a cross-sectional study J Epidemiol Community Health 2010; 64: 728-735.
[23] Maziak W, Asfar T. Physical abuse in low-income women in Aleppo, Syria. Health Care Women Int. 2003, 24.4: 313-326.
[24] Signorelli, M. C., Taft, A., Pereira, P. P. G. Intimate partner violence against women and healthcare in Australia: charting the scene. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. 2012; 17(4): 1037-1048.
[25] Afifi ZE, Al-Muhaideb NS, Hadish NF, Ismail FI, Al-Qeamy FM. Domestic violence and its impact on married women's health in EasternSaudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2011, 32.6: 612-20.
[26] Tashkandi, A. A., Rasheed, P. Wife abuse: a hidden problem. A study among Saudi women attending PHC centres. East Mediterr Health J. 2009, 15.5: 1242-1253.
[27] Ghazizadeh A. Domestic violence: a cross-sectional study in an Iranian city. East Mediterr Health J, 2005, 11.5-6: 880-887.
[28] Mamdouh, H. M., Ismail, H. M., Kharboush, I. F., Tawfik, M. M., El Sharkawy, O. G., Abdel-Baky, M., & Sallam, H. N. Prevalence and risk factors for spousal violence among women attending health care centres in Alexandria, Egypt. East Mediterr Health J. 2012 Nov; 18(11): 1118-26.
[29] Guimei M, Fikry FE, Esheiba OM. Patterns of violence against women in three communities in Alexandria, Egypt. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs.2012 Sep; 37(5): 331-8.
[30] Somach S. D, Abou Zeid G. Egypt violence against women study. Literature review of violence against women. April 2009.
[31] Golding JM. Intimate partner violence as a risk factor for mental disorders: a meta-analysis. J Fam Violence 1999; 14: 99–132.
[32] Hill AB. The environment and disease: association or causation? Proc R Soc Med 1965; 58: 295–300.
[33] Campbell JC, Soeken K. Women’s responses to battering over time: an analysis of change. J Interpers Viol 1999; 14: 21–40.
[34] Beaglehole R, Bonita R, Kjellstrom T. Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology. Geneva: World Health Organisation, 1990.
[35] Campbell JC. Health consequences of intimate partner violence. The Lancet. 2002; 359: 1331–6.
[36] Hien D, Ruglass L. Interpersonal partner violence and women in the United States: an overview of prevalence rates, psychiatric correlates and consequences and barriers to help seeking. Int J Law Psychiatry. 2009 Jan-Feb; 32(1):48-55. Epub 2008 Dec 19. Review.
[37] Cronholm PF, Fogarty CT, Ambuel B, Harrison SL. Intimate partner violence. Am Fam Physician. 2011 May 15; 83(10): 1165-72.
[38] Dillon, G., Hussain, R., Loxton, D., Rahman, S. Mental and Physical Health and Intimate Partner Violence against Women: A Review of the Literature. Int J Family Med. 2013; 2013: 313909. Published online 2013 January 23.
[39] Iverson, K. M., Bauer, M. R., Shipherd, J. C., Pineles, S. L., Harrington, E. F., Resick, P. A.. Differential associations between partner violence and physical health symptoms among Caucasian and African American help-seeking women. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2013, 5.2: 158.
[40] Stephenson R, Koenig M. A, Ahmed A, “Domestic violence and symptoms of gynecologic morbidity among women in North India,” International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 201–208, 2006.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.