Advances in Applied Psychology
Articles Information
Advances in Applied Psychology, Vol.1, No.3, Dec. 2015, Pub. Date: Jan. 6, 2016
The Effect of Social Skills Training on Autistic Children with Alexithymia
Pages: 160-165 Views: 2230 Downloads: 1083
[01] Parviz Sharifi Daramadi, Department of Psychology, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
[02] Afsaneh Azizian, Department of Psychology, School of Humanities, Azad University of Iran, Shahrood, Iran.
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience difficulties in identifying, describing, and adjusting their own and others' emotions. The literature on identifying effective strategies to overcome these problems is considerable. The aim of the present study is to determine the effectiveness of group social skills intervention on alexithymia in boys with autism spectrum disorders aged between 10 and 12. The sample, consisting of 14 children, is selected using convenience sampling, which are then divided into control and experimental groups of 7, based on their IQ and perceptive language ability and gender using the alexithymia questioner. Comparing the results using analysis of variance with repeated measures shows that boys who are treated with social skills training, progress significantly in terms of overcoming their alexithymia. Based on the results of the present study, it is suggested to use social skills training to deal with alexithymia of children with autism spectrum disorders for educational planning and rehabilitation.
Social Skills Intervention, Alexithymia, Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), Social Skills Training
[01] Downs, A. and Smith, T. (2004). Emotional understanding. Cooperation and social behavior in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 34, 625-635.
[02] Adams, C., Green, J., Gilchrist, A. and Cox, A. (2002). Conversational behavior or children with asperger and conduct disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 43, 679-690.
[03] Orsmond, G. L., Krauss, M. W. and Seltzer, M. M. (2004). Peer relationships and social and recreational activities among adolescents and adults with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 34, 245-256.
[04] Aaron, R. V., Benson, T. L. and Park, S. (2015). Investigating the role of alexithymia on the empathic deficits found in schizotypy and autism spectrum traits. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences. 77, 215-220.
[05] Koening, K., Delos Reyes, A., Cicchetti, D., Scahill, L. and Klin, A. (2009). Group intervention to promote social skills in school-age children with pervasive developmental disorders: reconsidering efficacy. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 39, 1163-1172.
[06] Church, C., Alisanski, s., Amanullah, s. (2000). The social responsiveness scale (SRS) manual, Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
[07] Friedburg, R .D. and McClare, J. M. (2002). Clinical practice of cognitive therapy with children and adolescents, New York: Guliford Press.
[08] Jonason, P. K. and Krause, L. (2013). The emotional deficits associated with the dark triad traits: Cognitive empathy, affective empathy, and alexithymia. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences. 55, 532-537.
[09] Ozonoff, S., Dawson, G. and McPartland, J. (2002). A parent’s guide to asperger syndrome and high functioning autism: how to meet the challenges and help your child thrive. New York: The Guilford Press.
[10] Gellerm, L. (2005). Emotion regulation and autism spectrum disorders. Autism Spectrum quarterly, pp 8-11.
[11] Taylor, G. J. and Bagby, M. (2000). An overview of the alexithmia construct. In: Bar-on R. Parker JD. (Editions). The Handbook of Emotional Intelligence, 1st ed. San Francisco: Jossey, Bass, 263-76.
[12] Bird, G. and Cook, R. (2013). Mixed emotions: The contribution of Alexithymia to the emotional symptoms of autism. Journal of Translational Psychitry. 3(7), e285.
[13] Tull, M. T., Medaglia, E. and Romer, L. (2005). An investigation of the construct validity of the 20 item Toronto Alexithymia Scale through the use of a verbalization task. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 59(2), 77-84.
[14] Koven, N. S. (2014). Abnormal valence differentiation in alexithymia. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences. 68, 102-106.
[15] Carr, A. (2004). Positive Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.
[16] Ozonoff, S., Goodin-jones, B. L. and Solomo, M. (2005). Evidence-based assessment of autism spectrum disorders in children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. 34, 523-540.
[17] Bauminger, N. (2007a). Brief report: Individual social-multimodal intervention for HFASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 37, 1593-1604.
[18] Bauminger, N. (2007b). Brief report: Group social-multimodal intervention for HFASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 37, 1605-1615.
[19] Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F. and Rogers, S. J. (1990). Are there emotion perception deficits in young autistic children? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 31, 343-361.
[20] Ladd, G. W. and Troop- Gordon, W. (2003). The role of chronic peer difficulties in the development of children’s psychological adjustment problems. Journal of Child Development Disorders. 74, 1344-1367.
[21] Laugeson, E .A. Frankel, F., Mogil, C. and Dillon, A.R. (2009). Parent-assisted social skills training to improve friendship in teens with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 39, 596-606.
[22] Attwood (2004a). Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Children and Adults with Asperger’s Syndrome. Behavior Change. 21 (3), 147-162.
[23] Attwood (2004b). Exploring feelings: Cognitive Behavior Therapy to Manage Anger. Arlington, TX Future Horizons.
[24] Attwood (2006). Asperger’s syndrome and problems related to stress. In M.G. Baron, J. Groden. G. Geroden, & L. P. Lipsitt (Eds.), stress and coping in autism, (pp. 351-370). Now York: Oxford University Press.
[25] Wood, J. J., Drahota, A., Sze, K., Har, K., Chiu, A. and Langer, D.A. (2009). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 50, 224-234.
[26] Bauminger, N. (2002). The facilitation of social-emotional understanding and social interaction high-functioning children with autism: intervention outcomes. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 32, 293-298.
[27] Bauminger, N. (2006). Multimodal (individual and group) CBT. Social skills training for high functioning children with ASD. Presented at the Gatlinburg conference Sandiego. CA.
[28] Solomon, M., Godin-Jones, B. L. and Andres, T.F. (2004). A social adjustment enhancement intervention for high functioning autism. Asperger’s syndrome and pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 34, 649-668.
[29] White, s., Albano, A. M., Johnson, C. R., Kasari, c., Ollendick, T., Kiln, A. and Scahill, L. (2010). Development of a cognitive–behavioral intervention program to treat anxiety and social deficits teens with high-functioning autism. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. 13, 77-90.
[30] American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
[31] Reynolds, S., Girling, E., Coker, S., Eastwood, L. (2006). The effect of mental health problems on children’s ability to discriminate amongst thoughts, feelings and behaviors. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 30, 599-607.
[32] Rieffe, C., Oosterveld, P. and Meerum, M. (2006). An alexithymia questionnaire for children: factorial and concurrent validation results. Personality and Individual Differences. 40, 123-133.
[33] Besharat, M.A. (2007). Reliability and factorial validity of Farsi version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale with a sample of Iranian students. Psychological Reports.35, 21-36.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.