Advances in Applied Psychology
Articles Information
Advances in Applied Psychology, Vol.3, No.3, Sep. 2018, Pub. Date: Sep. 4, 2018
The Effectiveness of a Training Program Based on Mental Imagery Among Jordanian Students
Pages: 49-55 Views: 1508 Downloads: 609
[01] Adnan Yousef Atoum, Department of Counseling and Educational Psychology, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.
[02] Abdallah Mohammad Rizeq, UNRWA, Amman, Jordan.
Research has focused on mental imagery and its relation to many psychological and educational factors. However, few studies focused on training students to improve their ability to manage mental imagery. The present study aimed at exploring the effectiveness of a training program based on Mental Imagery. A sample of 80 seventh grade Jordanian students were chosen and distributed randomly into the experimental and control groups. To achieve the objective of this study, the researchers had constructed a training program to develop students Mental Imagery. In addition, the researchers developed the Mental Imagery scale and obtained good validity and reliability indicators. The results showed that there was a significant statistical difference in the post-scores of all Mental Imagery domains in favor of the experimental group. In addition, there was no statistical difference between the post-scores and the delayed scores in the experimental group indicating the continuity of the effectiveness of the training program.
Mental Imagery, Training Program, Jordan
[01] Atoum, Adnan & Bond, Charles (1994). Attempted Memorability and Interpersonal Impressions. Abhath Al-Yarmouk, 10 (2), 37-45.
[02] Atoum, Adnan (2014) Cognitive Psychology: Theory and Practice. Amman, Jordan: Dar Al-Masirah Press for Publishing.
[03] Atoum, Adnan and Abo Hilal, Hind (2017). The Effectiveness of a Training Program Based on Goal Orientations among Jordanian Students. Sage Open, October- December 2017, DOI: 10.1177/2158244017735567.
[04] Awn, Fadel and Al-Attar, Zaid (2014) The effectiveness of Mental Imagery in the comprehension of reading and creative thinking among the fourth-grade students in reading articles. Basic Education for Educational and Human Sciences Journal, 18, 612-627.
[05] Bensafi, M., Porter, J., Pouliot, S., Mainland, J., Johnson, B., Zelano, C., Young, N., Bremner, E., Aframian, D., Kahn, R., & Sobel, N. (2003). Olfactomotor Activity During Imagery Mimics that During Perception. Nature Neuroscience 6, 1142-1144.
[06] Besiktas, M. & Bicer, T. (2013) Mental imagery training program implementation and measurement for little athletes. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 12 (1), pp 178-191.
[07] Blajenkova, O., Kozhevnikov, M. and Motes, M. (2006). Object-Spatial imagery: A new self-report imagery questionnaire. Applied Cognitive psychology, 20, 239–263.
[08] Crisp, R. Birtel, M. & Meleady, R. (2011). Mental simulation of social thought and action: Trivial tasks or tools for transforming social policy. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 261–264.
[09] Blouin‐Hudon, E. & Pychy, T. (2017). A Mental Imagery Intervention to Increase Future Self‐Continuity and Reduce Procrastination. Applied Psychology, 66 (2), 326-352.
[10] Eysenck, M. (2012). Fundamentals of cognition. New York: Psychology Press.
[11] Gaggioli et al (2013). Benefits of Combined Mental and Physical Training in Learning a Complex Motor Skill in Basketball. Psychology Journal, 4 (9A2), 1-6.
[12] Hardy, L., Jones, G., & Gould, D. (1996). Understanding psychological preparation for sport: Theory and practice of elite performers. Chichester: John Wiley.
[13] Jenkins, M. (2009). The Effects of Using Mental Imagery as a Comprehension Strategy for Middle School Students Reading Science Expository Texts. Dissertation University of Maryland, College Park.
[14] Kosslyn, S. M., Thompson, W. L., & Ganis, G. (2006). The case for mental imagery. New York: Oxford University Press.
[15] Moran, A., Holmes, P. and Maclntyre, T. (2012). Mental imagery, action observation and skill learning. University College Dublin Library, Taylor and Francis,
[16] Pylyshyn, Z. (2002). Mental Imagery: In search of a theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 25 (2), 157-237.
[17] Reisberg, D. (1992). Auditory Imagery. Erlbaum: Hillsdale.
[18] Schauer, Sheryl A. (2005). Using guided mental imagery to improve reading comprehension, Dissertation at Arizona State University, United States.
[19] Schirmer, Barbara R. (1995) Mental Imagery and the Reading Comprehension of Deaf Children. Reading Research and Instruction, 34 (3), 177-189.
[20] Sheveland. D. (1992). Development of Sheveland Vividness of Imagery Questionnaire in Grades 3-6. The Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (42nd, San Antonio, TX, December 2-5.
[21] Thomas, N. (2003). Mental imagery: Philosophical Issues. In L. Nadel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science (Volume 2, pp. 1147–1153). London: Nature Publishing/Macmillan.
[22] Williams, S. Cumming, J., Ntoumanis, N., Nordin-Bates, S., Ramsey, R., & Hall, C. (2012). Further validation and development of the Movement Imagery Questionnaire. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 34, 621-646.
[23] Yusuf, H. (2016). Effectiveness of Using Creative Mental Images in Teaching Reading Comprehension in Primary Schools in Nigeria. American Journal of Educational Research 4 (1), 18-23.
[24] Zach, S., Dobersek, U., Filho, E. & Tenenbaum, G. (2018). A meta-analysis of mental imagery effects on post-injury functional mobility, perceived pain, and self-efficacy. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 34, 79-87.
[25] Zugol, R. and Zugol, E. (2011). Cognitive Psychology. Amman, Jordan: Dar Al-Shorouk Press for Publishing.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.