Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.1, No.2, Apr. 2015, Pub. Date: Mar. 28, 2015
On-Farm Evaluation of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Varieties Under Tie Ridge and NP Fertilizer at Mekeredi, Moisture Stress Area of Amaro, Southern Ethiopia
Pages: 37-41 Views: 2557 Downloads: 1312
[01] Legesse Hidoto Gerbu, Hawassa Agricultural Research Centre, Southern Ethiopia Agricultural Research Institute, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
In low moisture stress areas, low productivity of crops has been attributed to low moisture stress, low soil fertility, lack of improved varieties and lack of appropriate moisture conservation practices in most areas of the region. Field experiment was conducted under rain-fed conditions between 2005-2008 to evaluate five improved sorghum varieties (Seredo, Teshale, Meko, 76T1#23, Gambell 1107) and one local(landrace) with 46kgP2O5+18kgNha-1 and an improved moisture conservation practices (tie ridge) was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications for growth, yield and yield component. The data were combined over year after carrying out analysis of variance for each year separately and homogeneity tested (the ratio of larger error mean square to smaller error mean squares). Means were separated using Fisher’s Least Significant Difference (LSD). There was significant variation observed among varieties to the tested parameters. Varieties 76T1#23 gave the highest sorghum grain yield (5877kg ha-1) whereas the landrace with traditional management gave the least (1901kg ha-1). Yield advantage of 56% to 68% improved varieties with fertilizer and conservation practice over traditional sorghum cultivation (local cultivar without fertilizer sown in flat planting) could be an attractive option to boost sorghum yield under moisture stress environment. Furthermore, the results indicate that soil and water conservation with improved crop varieties is indispensable for increasing crop yield. Based on these results, therefore, sowing improved varieties 76T1#23 in ridge tied three meters apart with 46kgP2O5+18kgNha-1 fertilizer is an attractive option and recommended for sorghum production in areas where there is short and erratic rain fall.
Tied Ridge, Varieties, Moisture Stress
[01] CSA. (2012). Central Statistical Agency for Ethiopia.
[02] McGuire, S.J. (2007). Vulnerability in farmer seed Systems: Farmer practices for coping with seed insecurity for sorghum in Eastern Ethiopia. Economic Botany.61 (3):
[03] Palmer,G.H. (1992). Sorghum-food beverage and brewing potentials. Process biochem. 27, 145-153.
[04] EIAR( Ethiopian Agricultural Research Institute).(2014). Ethiopian Strategy for Sorghum. EIAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Pp28.
[05] Tenaw w. and Yeshi C. (1992). Development of technologies for the dry land farming areas of Ethiopia, M S Reddy and Kidane Giorgis (Eds.), IAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Fournier, F. (1967). Research on soil erosion and conservation in Africa; African Soils; 12:52– 96.
[06] Gebreyesus Brhane, Wortmann, C.S., Martha Mamo, Heluf Gebrekidan & Amare Belay (2006). Micro-basin tillage for grain sorghum production in semiarid areas of northern Ethiopia. Agronomy Journal, 98:124-128.
[07] Kidane G. and Reddy M.S. (1993). Dryland Farming Research in Ethiopia. Review of the past and thrust in the nineties. Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
[08] Kidane Giorgis and WorkubBurayu. (2002). In Zenbaba Gutema, Taye Tesfaye,vDale Hessand Gebisa Ejeta(Eds.). Sorghum and millet in Ethiopia; Appropriate Agronomic practices for Sorghum production in the Dryland Areas of Ethiopia. Proceedings of the first National workshop on Sorghum and Millet Research, Extension and production in Ethiopa, 12-14 November 2002, Melkassa, Ethiopia Pp96-106.
[09] SAS Institute Inc (2008). SAS/STAT® 9.2. Cary, NC, USA.
[10] Gomez, A.,and Gomez,A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. pp 467-477.
[11] Heluf Gebrekidan (2003). Grain Yield Response of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) to Tied Ridges and Planting Methods on Entisols and Vertisols of Alemaya Area, Eastern Ethiopian Highlands .Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics Volume 104, No.2, pages 113–128 .
[12] Heluf Gebrekidan and Yohannes Uloro (2002). Soil and water conservation (tied ridges and planting methods) on cultivated lands: The case of eastern Ethiopian; Soil and Water Management Research Program, Alemaya University (AU); 154p.
[13] Kowal, J. (1970). The hydrology of a small catchment basin at Samaru, Nigeria. Assessment of surface runoff under varied land management and vegetation cover; Nigerian Agric. J.; 7:120–123.
[14] Fournier, F. (1967). Research on soil erosion and conservation in Africa; African Soils; 12:52– 96.
[15] Tekle yosef and Zemach Sorsa. (2014). Evaluation of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties, for yield and yield components at Kako, Southern Ethiopia. Sciencepublishinggroup. 2(4): 129-133.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.