Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal
Articles Information
Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, Vol.6, No.2, Jun. 2020, Pub. Date: Apr. 30, 2020
Ecological Groups of Birds of Greater Shor Lake of the Azerbaijan Republic
Pages: 86-90 Views: 195 Downloads: 68
Authors
[01] Narmina Abel qizi Sadigova, Faculty of Ecology and Soil Science, Baku State University, Baku, Azerbaijan.
[02] Svetlana Gulu qizi Jafarova, Faculty of Ecology and Soil Science, Baku State University, Baku, Azerbaijan.
[03] Abdin Shukur oglu Abbasov, Faculty of Ecology and Soil Science, Baku State University, Baku, Azerbaijan.
Abstract
By studying the composition and distribution of various species of birds in space, which present specialized requirements for the habitat, one can judge the well-being and balance of processes in local and regional ecosystems. It should be noted that our republic, including the Absheron peninsula, is located on the flight path of birds from the Volga-Ural basin, Western Siberia and Kazakhstan to North-East Africa to the area of the "African horn" and around it. This path is also called the "Caspian Flyway". Greater Shor Lake is located on the Absheron Peninsula of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The basis of the material was the observations we conducted from 2015 to 2019 on Greater Shor Lake and surrounding areas. The determination of birds was carried out according to the training manual “Methods for Evaluating Wetland Condition: Biological Assessment Methods for Birds”. During our work in the autumn-winter periods, both sedentary and migratory bird species were recorded on the lake, their species composition was determined. For migrant birds, the following stay statuses were noted: wintering, nesting, nesting — wintering, migratory. 17 orders of birds live in our republic, of which species belonging to 8 orders are registered on the lake Boyuk Shor. Species included in the Red Book of the Republic (Mute swan (Cygnus olor)) and the IUCN Red Book (European honey buzzard (Pernis apivorus)) are registered on the lake.
Keywords
Greater Shor Lake, Taxonomic Composition, Nature of Stay, Bird Attendance by Years, Migration
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