American Journal of Economics, Finance and Management
Articles Information
American Journal of Economics, Finance and Management, Vol.1, No.5, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 3, 2015
Pyramidal Public Corruption: Public Policyand Bad Governance -Nigerian Perspective
Pages: 404-413 Views: 2882 Downloads: 1055
[01] John N. N. Ugoani, Department of Management Sciences, College of Management and Social Sciences, Rhema University, Aba, Nigeria.
This study was designed to analyze the relationship between corruption and bad governance. The issue of corruption subsists in Nigeria since Political Independence in 1960 despite various reforms aimed at curbing it. Because of the extent of pyramidal corruption in Nigeria, some researchers tend to draw a link between corruption and bureaucratic rules, processes, and the political system due to overwhelming evidence of misuse of public resources for personal enrichment. Corruption characterized by the abuse of entrusted power for private gain lies at the heart of the categorization of Nigeria as the 144th most corrupt nation in the universe. Governance as the interplay of politics, public policy and ideology cannot be impeded by limited resources as people often say, but by lack of political will and sound ideas, and mostly, by pyramidal public corruption. Political will helps to build the popular trust toward democracy and lend the national anticorruption efforts additional credibility. The survey research design was used for the study. Data generated were coded, classified and analyzed using the Chi-Square statistical technique. The study found a strong positive relationship between public corruption and bad governance.
Entrusted Power, Private Gain, Democratic Governance, Technocratic Governance, Bureaucratic Governance, Symptomatic, Kleptomania, Good Governance, Public Corruption
[01] Abdulsalami, I, (2007) The Role of Public Administration in National Development Strategy: Challenges and Prospects. Management in Nigeria, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 28-34.
[02] Abdulsalami, I, (2000) The Role of the Civil Service in Promoting Good Governance, Democracy and Development. A Paper Presented at the Orientation Workshop for the Federal Civil Service, Bullet Building Abuja.
[03] Adebimpe, I. A (2011) Corruption: The Bane of Nigeria’s Development. International Journal of Social Justice and Policy Issues Vol 8, No. 1, pp 231-240
[04] Adewole. O. A, Balogun, S, and Olajide, A. O. (2011) Corruption in Nigeria: A New Paradigm for Effective Control. International Journal of Social and Policy Issue Vol. 8, No. 1, Pp 7-16.
[05] Agbonuwa, E. (2011) Fawehinmi Closed Chamber to Express Disappointment of Failure of Governance. The Guardian, Vol. 28, No 1173, pp 69-70.
[06] Agwunobi, J.C, (2005) The Nigerian Military in a Democratic Society, Aba, Logicgate Media Ltd.
[07] Alli, Y, (2012a) US$620m bribe. Police Detain Farouk Lawan. The Nation, Vol. 7, No. 2157, pp 1-4.
[08] Alli, Y, (2014b) Why Bi-Courtney N89.53bn Contract was cancelled. The Nation Vol. 7, No. 2316, pp. 103.
[09] Alli, Y, Ojiabor, O and Onogu, S, (2012) We looted N14.3bn Pension Cash Suspects Confess. The Nation, Vol 7, No. 2069, pp 1-4.
[10] Aluko, M. A. O (2002) The Institutionalization of Corruption and its Impact on Political Culture and Behaviour in Nigeria. Nordic Journal of African Studies 11 (3) 393-402.
[11] Amalu, G (2011) Law and Public Power. Ohakim and the Burden of Governance. The Nation Tuesday May 17, pp. 32.
[12] Anyim, P. A and Akanwa, P. U. (2002) Corruption in Nigeria Public Service. In Administrative Theory & Practice (eds) Port Harcourt, Educational Books and Investment Ltd. Pp 105-121.
[13] Boniface, A, and Shaibu, I, (2013) Nigerian Ports Plagued by Corruption Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission News Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 2, Pp 5-7
[14] Campos, J. E, Lien, D. and Pradhan, S. (1999) The Impact of Corruption on Investment: Predictability Matters, World Development 27 (6): 1059-67.
[15] Campos, J.E and Pradhan, S, (2007) The Many Faces of Corruption Washington, D. C The World Bank.
[16] Doig, A, (1995) Good Government and Sustainable Anti Corruption Strategies. A Role for Independent Anticorruption Strategies. Public Administration and Development 15(2) 151-65.
[17] Doig, A, (1999) Corruption, Good Government, Good Governance, and Economic Development: An Essay by Alan, Doig in Stepenhurst R, and Kpundeh, S.J (eds) Curbing Corruption Toward a Model for Building National Integrity. The World Bank, Washington, D.C pp: 18-31.
[18] Famutimi, T. (2012) Corruption Killing Nigeria’s Potential- US envoy. The Punch, Thursday, December 6. Pp:14.
[19] Hope, K.R. Sr. (1987) Administrative Corruption and Administrative Reform in Developing Countries Corruption and Reform. 2(2): 127-47.
[20] Jeyifo, B, (2013) Freedom of Information Act and Dictatorship of Corruption and Mediocrity (2) The Nation Vol. 07, No 2553, Pp. 13.
[21] Johnston, M. (1986) The Political Consequences of Corruption: A Reassessment Comparative Politics 18(4) 459-77.
[22] Johnston, M (2005) Syndromes of Corruption: Wealth, Power and Democracy New York, Cambridge University Press.
[23] Johnston, M. (2001) Measuring Corruption: Numbers versus Knowledge Versus Understanding. In The Political Economy of Corruption (eds) Arvind Jain, pp. 157-79 New York, Routledge Press.
[24] Johnston, M, and Doig, A, (1999) Different Views, on Good Government and Sustainable Anticorruption Strategies In Stapenhurst, R. and Kpundeh, A.J. (eds) Curbing Corruption Toward a Model for Building National Integrity. The World Bank, Washington, D.C, pp: 13-34.
[25] Johnston, N, Igwe, P. I and Taylor, T. (2010) Corruption and Poverty.The Experience of Nigeria.The Nigerian Journal of Politics and Public Policy.Vol 6, Nos 1 & 2, pp 139-155.
[26] Kaufmann, D, (1997) Corruption: The Facts. Foreign Policy 107, 114-31.Kaufmann, D, Kraay, A, and Mastruzzi, M, (2005) Governance Matters iv: Governance Indicators for 1996-2004. Washington D. C, World Bank Institute.
[27] Kaufmann, D, Kraay, A, and Zoido-Labaton, P. (1999) Governance Matters. Policy Research Working Paper 2196, World Bank Washington, D. C.
[28] Klitgaard, R. (1988) Controlling Corruption Berkeley, C.A: University of California Press.
[29] Knack, S, and Keefer, P. (1995) Institutions and Economic Performance: Cross-Country Tests using Alternative Institutional Measures. Economics and Politics (3): 207-27.
[30] Lijphart, A, (1998) Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty Six Countries. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press.
[31] Madu, H and Shaibu I (2013) ICPC to Prosecute Customs Car Action Fraudsters … Gives updates on seizure of 61 Houses, Lands. Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission Brilletin, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp: 5-6.
[32] Maduabum, C. P (2006) The Machinery of Government in Nigeria. In Administrative Staff College Nigeria, Lagos, pp. 1-14.
[33] Mauro, P. (1995) Corruption and Growth. Quarterly Journal of Economics 110: 681-712.
[34] Mauro, P. (1998) Corruption and the composition of Public Expenditures Journal of Public Economics 69, 263-79.
[35] M. O Ibrahim (2014) Governance Survey: Nigeria ranks 37th. Daily SunVol. 10, No. 2980, pp. 16.
[36] Mohammed, A.G (2013) Bad Governance, bane of Industrialization – CANMPSSAN. National Daily, Edition 407, pp. 15.
[37] Morris, S.D, (1991) Corruption and Politics in Contemporary Mexico, Tuscaloosa, Ala: University of Alabams Press.
[38] Navayam, D, ((1999) Social Capital and the State: Complementarity and Substitution. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2167, Washington, D. C.
[39] Nigeria Vision 20: 2020 (2009) Fostering Sustainable Social and Economic Development in Economic Transformation Blueprint. Abuja National Planning Commission. Pp: 70-88.
[40] North, D. (1990) Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.
[41] Nwaorgu, O.C (2014) Inactive Squares and The Rumbling State. University of Port Harcourt, Inaugural Lecture Series No. 110.
[42] Obasanjo, O (2006) Debt Polief for Nigeria: A Dividend of Democracy. Lagos Organization Review, Vol. 3 No. 5, pp: 23-29.
[43] Omokhunu, S, (2012) There is too much Corruption, says Buhari: The Nation Vol. 7, No 2143, pp: 1-14.
[44] Omotoso, K, (2011) Nigeria An Abandoned Project? The Guardian, Vol 29, No. 11922.
[45] Onuoha, B.C (1999) The Third World Nation & Under development. The Role of Sambo Personality. Port Harcourt, Educational Books and Investments Ltd.
[46] Onuoha, B.C (2005) The State Corruption and Challenges of Good Governance in Nigeria. In Olurode and Anifowose (eds) Rich But Poor: Corruption and Good Governance in Nigeria. UNILAG Lagos.
[47] Oluwu, D, (1987) Bureaucratic Delay and the Prospects for Regeneration in Nigeria. Corruption and Reform 2(3) 215-33.
[48] Oluwu, D, (1993) Governmental Corruption and African’s Democratization Efforts. Corruption and Reform 7(3) 227-36.
[49] Osehobo, V. (2012) 67 Million Youths Unemployed: Minister Nigerian Pilot, Vol. 2, No. 154, pp: 1-2.
[50] Paldham, M. (1999) The Big Pattern of Corruption: Economics, Culture and the Seesaw Dynamics Unpublished Manuscript, Aarhus University, Denmark.
[51] Pelizzo, R. (2003) Cartel Parties and Cartel Party Systems. Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, M.D.
[52] Pope, J. (1996) Transparency International Source Book, Berlin, Transparency International.
[53] Rose-Ackerman, S, (1999) Corruption in Government: Causes, Consequences, and Reform. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
[54] Sowe, M. (2013) ICPC Arrests 41 Public Servants for Forsed Certificates. ICPC News Vol. 8, No. 2, pp:1-6.
[55] Stapenhurst, R, Johnston, N and Pelizzo, R. (2006) The Role of Parliament in Curbing Corruption. The World Bank, Washington D. C.
[56] Stapenhurst, R, and Kpundch, S. J (1999) Curbins Corruption. Toward a Model for Building National Integrity. The World Bank Washington, D. C.
[57] Sulaiman, S.K (2011) Fayemi: We’ve brought sanity in to Governance. The Nation. Tuesday May 17, pp. 13.
[58] Sultan, N.A, (1993) Bureaucratic Corruption as a consequence of the Gulf Migration: The Case of North Yemen. Crime, Law and Social Change 19(4) 379-93.
[59] Tanzi, V, (1998) Corruption around the World: Causes Consequences, Scope and Cures. IMF Staff Papers 45(4) International Monetary Fund, Washington D. C.
[60] Tirole, J.(1992) Persistence of Corruption. Working Paper 152, Institute for Policy Reform, Washington, D.C.
[61] Toyo, E, (2012) Corruption Killing Nigeria. Nigerian Pilot No. 2, Vol. 154, pp:15
[62] Transparency International (2013) Nigeria ranked 144th Most Corrupt Nation Daily Sun, Vol. 10, No. 2769, pp: 7.
[63] Treisman, D, (2000) The Causes of Corruption. A Cross National Study. Journal of Public Economics 76(3), 399-457.
[64] Ugoani, J.N.N (2014) Power of Emotional Intelligence on Good Governance. Journal of Public Policy and Governance Vol. 1, No. 2, pp: 57-71.
[65] Ugorji, L.I. (2008) Political & Social Ethics: Issues of The Moment. Enugu, Snaap Press Ltd.
[66] Uniamikogbo, S. O. (2007) Management Imperatives of Economic Reforms. Management in Nigeria. Vol. 43, No. 1, pp: 20-27.
[67] United Nations (1990) Corruption in Government: Report of an Interregional Seminar, The Hague, The Netherlands, New York.
[68] Williams, R. (1987) Political Corruption in Africa.Aldershot, U.K Gower
[69] World Bank (1997) Helping Countries Combat Corruption Washington, D.C
[70] World Bank (2000a) Anti Corruption in Transition: A contribution to the Policy Debate World Bank, Washington, D.C.
[71] World Bank (2000b) Reforming Public Institutions and Strengthening Governance: A World Bank Strategy Washington, D.C World Bank.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.