American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol.4, No.2, Jun. 2019, Pub. Date: Jul. 16, 2019
Poverty Remedies from the Forest; A Review of Forest Resource Utilization in Ghana
Pages: 95-100 Views: 1325 Downloads: 383
Authors
[01] Divine Odame Appiah, Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[02] Emmanuel Kyeremeh, Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
Abstract
The paper reviewed the utilization potentials of forest resources as livelihood support by poor rural communities in Ghana. Rural livelihood in forest fringe communities generally hinges on agricultural production and direct dependence on forest ecosystem services. Forest provides a wide range of products upon which rural communities depend, for their livelihoods and subsistence. Consequently, this has helped mitigate the poverty level of most rural poor in most forest fringe communities in Ghana. Relying on secondary information for in-depth analysis, relevant documents such as published policy data, journal articles, books, institutional records and official reports were collated and critically reviewed. Results indicated that rural populace in Ghana relied on forest resources as an alternatively source of their livelihood during drought, and crop failure, thereby reducing their poverty level. Rural communities relied on the forest for their nutritional benefits, building materials and fibre, medicinal value, cultural value, energy and economic benefits. It is therefore imperative that these resources are sustainably managed by Forest Commission, NGOs, and other institution which has key interest in forest utilization together with the forest fringe people, to ensure that they continue to play their role in reducing poverty in these communities.
Keywords
Forest Resources, Livelihoods, Poverty, Conservation, Ghana
References
[01] Belcher, B. M. (2005). Forest product markets, forests and poverty reduction. International Forestry Review Vol. 7 (2). P. 3.
[02] FAO (2010) Climate change mitigation potential of woodfuels: What woodfuels can do to mitigate climate change. FAO Forestry Paper 162. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
[03] Mayers, J. (2007). Trees, poverty and targets Forests and the Millennium Development Goals: Environment for the MDGs International Institute for Environment and Development Briefing., p 1-6 Mayers.
[04] Vedeld, P., Angelsen, A. Sjaastad, E. and. Kobugabe, B. G. (2004). Counting on the environment: forest incomes and the rural poor. Environmental Economics Series Number 98. World Bank, Washington, D. C., USA.
[05] Appiah, D. O. (2009). Personifying Sustainable Rural Livelihoods in Forest Fringe Communities in Ghana: A Historic Rhetoric? Journal of Food, Agriculture& Environment Vol. 7 (3&4): 873-877.
[06] Widianingsih, N. N., Theilade, I and Pouliot M. (2016). Contribution of forest restoration to rural livelihoods and household incomes in Indonesia. Sustainability Vol. 8 (835): 1-22.
[07] Sunderlin, W. D. Angelsen, A. Belcher, B. Burgers, P. Nasi, R. Santoso, L. and Wunder, S. (2005). Livelihoods, forests, and conservation in developing countries: an overview. World Development.
[08] Gondo, P. C. (undated). The role of micro-financing in sustainable forest management. Available: http://staging.global mechanism.org/dynamic/File/THE%20ROLE%20OF%20MICROFINANCE%20first%20draft220609%5B1%5D.pdf
[09] Bryant, D., Nielsen, D., & Tangley, L. (1997). The last frontier forests: Ecosystems and economies on the edge. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.
[10] Achard, F., Eva, H. D., Stibig, H.-J., Mayaux, P., Gallego, J., Richards, T., et al. (2002). Determination of deforestation rates of the world’s humid tropical forests. Science, 297, 999–1002.
[11] Emmanuel A. Boakye, E. A., van Gils, H., Osei Jr, E. M and Asare, V. N. A. (2012). Does forest restoration using taungya foster tree species diversity? The case of Afram Headwaters Forest Reserve in Ghana. African Journal of Ecology, (2012): 1-7.
[12] Baatuuwie, N. B., Asare, N. A., Osei, E. M. Jr & Quaye-Ballard, J. A. (2011) The restoration of degraded forests in Ghana: a case study in the Offinso forest district. Agric. Biol. J. N. Am. 2, 134–142.
[13] Baatuuwie, N. B. & Van Leeuwen, L. (2011) Evaluation of three classifiers in mapping forest stand types using mediumresolution imagery: a case study in the Offinso Forest District, Ghana. Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 5, 25–36.
[14] Andel, T. V. (2006). Non-timber forest products; the value of wild plants. Available at: http://journeytoforever.org/farm_library/AD39.pdf.
[15] FAO (2005). State of the World’s Forests 2005. FAO, Rome, Italy." Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/y5574e/y5574e00.htm.
[16] Ghana Statistical Service (2010). The 2009 Ghana’s Economic Performance in Figures, Accra Ghana, 11p.
[17] Ahenkan A. and Boon, E. (2011). Improving Nutrition and Health through Non-timber Forest Products in Ghana. Journal of Health Population Nutrition 29 (2). pp. 141–148.
[18] Sunderland, T. C. H., Powell, B., Ickowitz, A., Foli, S., Pinedo-Vasquez, M., Nasi, R., And Padoch, C., (2013). Food security and nutrition: The role of forests. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) 2013.
[19] Campbell, B. M., Vermeulen, S. J. and Lynam, T. (1991). Value of trees in the small-scale farming sector of Zimbabwe, IDRC, Canada.
[20] Wilson, K. B. (1990). Ecological dynamics and human welfare: a case study of population, health and nutrition in southern Zimbabwe. PhD thesis, Department of Anthropology, University College, London.
[21] Appiah, M., Blay, D., Damnyag, L., Dwomoh, F. K., Pappinen, A. and Luukkanen, O. (2009). Dependence on Forest Resources and Tropical Deforestation in Ghana. Environment Development and Sustainability, 11: 471-487.
[22] Koppert, G., Dounias, E., Froment, A. &Pasquet, P. (1993). Food consumption in three forest populations of the southern coastal area of Cameroon: Yassa - Mvae - Bakola in: Hladik C. M., Hladik A., Linares O., Pagézy H., Semple A. et Hadley M. Editors, Tropical Forest, people and food: Biocultural Interactions and applications to development, Man and the Biosphere Series vol. 15, Parthenon-UNESCO, Paris, London, pp. 279-293.
[23] Nadkarni, M. and Kuehl, Y. (2013). Forests beyond trees: NTFPs as tools for climate change mitigation and adaptation. INBAR Working Paper No. 74.
[24] Gyasi R. M (2015). Relationship between Health Insurance Status and the Pattern of Traditional Medicine Utilization in Ghana. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Volume 2015: 1-10.
[25] Lindberg, K., Furze, B., Staff, M. and Black, R. (1997). Ecotourism and other services derived from forests in the Asia-Pacific Region: Outlook to 2010. Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector Outlook Study Working Paper Series No: 24. http://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/W7714E/W7714E00.pdf
[26] Marfo, E. and Acheampong, E. (2011). Estimating the Number of Jobs created by chainsaw activities in Ghana. Ghana Journal of Forestry. Vol. 27.
[27] Oksanen, T., Pajari, B., Tuomasjukka, T. (2003). Forests in Poverty reduction strategies: Capturing the Potential. European Forest Institute (EFI) Proceeding No. 47.
[28] Antwi, P. K. (2009). Assessing the livelihood dependence of local communities on ecosystem services in Bobiri forest area of Ghana. MSc. Thesis in Environmental Sciences Wageningen University and Research Centre. The Netherlands.
[29] Ahenkan, A. and Boon, E. (2008). Enhancing Food Security, Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Forest Management in Ghana through Non-timber Forest Products Farming: Case Study of Sefwi Wiawso District, published online by GRIN publishing to www.grin.com/de/preview/.html.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.