American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol.4, No.1, Mar. 2019, Pub. Date: Apr. 17, 2019
Pilot Study of “EG Mosquito Repellent Bracelet” for Malaria Vector Control in Selected Communities in North-Central Nigeria
Pages: 38-42 Views: 1309 Downloads: 337
Authors
[01] Joel Akilah, National Malaria Elimination Programme, Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
[02] Ibanga Ekong, Department of Community Health, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria.
Abstract
The National Malaria Elimination Programme conducted a mini-pilot study, in One-Man village and New Nyanya, both in Karu Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, on the EG Mosquito Repellent Bracelet to determine its efficacy as an innovative technique for vector control. Advocacy visits were carried out to the community leaders while verbal consents were obtained from adult members of the households where the product was deployed. Households were randomly selected from each community. The EG Mosquito Repellent Bracelets were issued to identified adult members of each household in each community. Baseline entomological survey was carried out using structured questionnaires, inter personal communication (IPC) with occupants and Pyrethrum Spray Catch (PSC). The baseline data showed that the indoor resting density (IRD) ranged from 1.2/room/man in One-Man village to 2.2/room/man in New Nyanya and that a few of the Anopheles mosquitoes caught were fed with human blood meal in both sites (IRD of 1.0 and 1.6 in One Man village and New Nyanya, respectively). Furthermore, between 73% - 80.9% of Anopheles mosquitoes collected were fully fed. Post intervention entomological monitoring showed that no Anopheles mosquitoes were caught in the households sampled 48 hours after the EG Mosquito Repellent Bracelets were deployed. Anopheles species were caught on subsequent days of the entomological monitoring, with the highest number on day 7, showing increase in indoor resting density. However, fewer fed mosquitoes were caught from both sites compared to baseline data.
Keywords
Mosquito Repellent, Bracelets, Malaria, Vector Control
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