American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol.4, No.3, Sep. 2019, Pub. Date: Oct. 11, 2019
Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons and Metals in Soil Contaminated with Spent Oil Found at Automobile Workshops in Akure, Nigeria
Pages: 101-106 Views: 1364 Downloads: 276
Authors
[01] Isaac Olatunde Awonyemi, Central Research Laboratory, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
[02] Adedayo Oyebanji, Department of Chemistry, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Nigeria.
[03] Temitope Esther Olabiran, Central Research Laboratory, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
[04] Micheal Busayo Olajide, Central Research Laboratory, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
[05] Johnson Oluwasola Agbede, Central Research Laboratory, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
Abstract
Soil samples from different automobile workshops and one control sample obtained from a residential area in Akure, Nigeria were quantified for heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. The heavy metals analyzed in all samples were Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd), Nickel (Ni), Manganese (Mn), Chromium (Cr), Zinc (Zn) and Copper (Cu). Cadmium (Cd) was obtained was below the level of detection in all samples. Manganese was found to have the highest concentration in all samples with concentration of 614.00mg/kg, 560.00mg/kg and 199.00mg/kg with government accredited site having the highest of 614.00mg/kg and the control sample with the lowest concentration of 199.00mg/kg. The concentration of Ni was found to have the lowest value which is 9.00mg/kg, 7.07mg/kg and 2.90mg/kg in all sites when compared with other heavy metals. Control Sample has the lowest concentration for Pb, Ni, Mn and Cu except for Zn which is of the same concentration with an automobile workshop own by an individual. Eight (8) polycylic aromatic compound which are cyclohexane, (1, 2, 2,-tri fluorine, antracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, pyrene, benz (a) anthracene, were found in all soil samples.
Keywords
Pyrolytic Process, Pollutants, Carcinogenic, Automobile Workshop
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