American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol.5, No.2, Jun. 2020, Pub. Date: Jul. 7, 2020
Contribution of Community-Based Disaster Management in Reducing Risks in Rwanda
Pages: 37-42 Views: 1186 Downloads: 156
Authors
[01] Aristarque Ngoga, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[02] Philbert Mugisha, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[03] Rosine Rubuga Mukabarungi, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[04] Elisabeth Yambabariye, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[05] Lamek Nahayo, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
Abstract
This study assessed the contribution of Community-Based Disaster Management (CBDM) in risk reduction in Ngororero district, western Rwanda. The questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 100 respondents selected from total households of the district. The results indicated that landslide is the frequent disaster occurring in this area followed by rainstorms and flood. However, there are no locally-based disaster management groups in Ngororero district. The results by 34 and 32 percent of respondents indicated that the local leaders and District Administration Security Support Organ (DASSO) are the major intervention bodies. These are merely formed and operate during disaster occurrence for the response and recovery activities. Only 14 percent confirmed to carry out disaster risk reduction activities by themselves. This expresses the need of empowering community-based disaster reduction ownership and engagement. This, if initiated, as said by 26%, would strengthen locally-based initiative while 20% said that it could enhance information sharing, mobilization and reporting at community level. It is concluded that there are no CBDMs in Ngororero district and hence, their creation is essential. This can enable policy makers to easily reach the community and ensure community-based policy execution. In addition, these CBDM would assist external agencies in recovery and response activities by precisely heading to the right people in need of assistance.
Keywords
Community-Based Disaster Management, Disaster Risk Reduction, Ngororero District, Rwanda
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