American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol.5, No.3, Sep. 2020, Pub. Date: Sep. 28, 2020
Contribution of Marshland Development on Rice Production in Rwanda
Pages: 52-63 Views: 2304 Downloads: 1052
[01] Narcisse Hakizimana, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali (UNILAK), Kigali, Rwanda.
[02] Lamek Nahayo, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali (UNILAK), Kigali, Rwanda.
[03] Abias Maniragaba, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali (UNILAK), Kigali, Rwanda.
Rice is a most preferred food in rural and urban areas in Rwanda. The aim of this study was to analyze the contribution of marshland development on rice production in Rwanda, case of Rugende Marshland. The Authors based on hypotheses stating that there is no significant contribution to Rwanda rice production from Rugende marshland development project, and there is a significant contribution to Rwanda rice production resulting from Rugende marshland development project. This study used times series datasets of rice production collected from published Seasonal Agricultural Surveys (SAS) reports of the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR) considered as baseline data. The Authors also employed the data collected from Rugende marshland rice farming cooperative formally registered in Rwanda Cooperative Agency (RCA) since April 19, 2018. Thereafter, the inferential statistics techniques such as linear regression, Correlation and Student’s “t” test were used throughout the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to compute the regression coefficients (α and β) and Pearson Correlation (r) for the analysis of findings. The correlation analysis revealed that there is a low correlation (0.25≤ r< 0.50) between sample dataset of Rugende paddy rice yield and national paddy rice yield, (Pearson correlation coefficient r = 0.395). The Student’s t test accepted the research hypothesis that there is no significant difference between national and Rugende marshland rice crop yield. This results lead to the conclusion that about 100 hectares of developed marshland leads to the contribution of 0.5 percent on national paddy rice production, in the same condition of agricultural technology. The government was recommended to provide sufficient improved rice seeds, increase training to rice farmers and conduct rice varieties to be grown on hillside.
Marshland Development, Irrigation, Rice Production, Rugende, Rwanda
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