American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol.6, No.1, Mar. 2021, Pub. Date: Jan. 22, 2021
Plastic Pollution: Issues Pertaining to Developing Countries in Asia
Pages: 15-25 Views: 1357 Downloads: 296
Authors
[01] Phyoe Marnn, Facult of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China; Facult of Physics, Department of Physics, University of Yangon, Yangon, Myanmar.
[02] Nizeyimana Jean Claude, Facult of Environmental Engineering, Department of Water Pollution Control Engineering, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[03] Bazel Al-Shaibah, Facult of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[04] Hsu Htoo, Facult of Life Sciences, Department of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China; Facult of Zoology, Department of Zoology, University of East Yangon, Yangon, Myanmar.
[05] Yousef Ahmed Al-Masnay, Facult of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[06] Haider Ali, Facult of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[07] Thu Zar Win, Facult of Physics, Department of Physics, University of Yangon, Yangon, Myanmar.
[08] Ali Rajeh Al-Aizari, Facult of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[09] Hanish Sethi, Facult of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[10] Waqas Amin Khan, Facult of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[11] Izhaar Malik, Facult of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
Abstract
Plastic pollution is a global problem and scientists are still finding solutions for plastic pollution, however, they are not still finding some effective solutions. In developing countries, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam held many campaigns to reduce plastic pollutions but they could not control the plastic pollution problem. In this research, ways to reduce plastic pollution, estimated loss of Myanmar plastic companies by banning plastic product productions, plastic recycling usage of Myanmar people and some reasons for using plastic issues of human being are studied. Plastic wastes are filling on land and oceans and even air pollution can be caused when they were burned. The objective of this study is the management and controlling of issues in the developing countries in Asia caused by plastic pollutions. The information was collected from two countries, China and Myanmar. The respondents are divided into three groups: China students, International students of Northeast Normal Universities and Myanmar Students. Reduce, Reuse, Restore, Rethink, Recycle, Replace and Refuse (7 Rs) were mentioned for controlling plastic pollution in this study. Two types of questionnaires were used as a methodology for collecting data, where the first one was “plastic knowledge questions” to know the percentage of knowledge of each respondent and the second one was “like and dislike” questions to know the percentage of their daily plastic usages. Results were showed that the government bans the plastic industries in Myanmar, the owners of industries will lose approximately 120,000 US$ and this amount is just only loss for investment of machines and the compensation of industry workers will consider as loss of the industry owners. Out of 300 people according to their gender, 110 (36.7%) want to use cloth bags instead of plastic bags, 108 (36.1%) want to use paper bags and 82 (27.2%) prefer other materials to plastic materials. Out of 300 people, 0% of people are never using plastic issues 132 (44%) are always using plastic issues by their genders. Out of 300 people according to their ages, 0% of people are never using plastic issues and 110 (36.7%) are always using them. The research showed that the use of plastic materials is very familiar to people but they can be recycled in general and this research can be applied to all developing countries.
Keywords
Plastics, Plastic Waste, Asia Country, Plastic Pollution
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