American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol.6, No.3, Sep. 2021, Pub. Date: Jul. 26, 2021
Utilization of Selected Animal Wastes in the Production of Improved Cowpea Varieties (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp)
Pages: 65-69 Views: 862 Downloads: 140
[01] Olasan Joseph Olalekan, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, College of Science, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
[02] Aguoru Celestine Uzoma, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, College of Science, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
[03] Omoigui Lucky Osabuohien, Department of Plant Breeding and Seed Science, College of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
[04] Ingbian Iveren Rachel, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, College of Science, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
Application of inorganic fertilizer incrop production has been criticized in environmental and health management. This research therefore studied the effects of three animal based wastes products as alternative manure on the growth parameters of three selected cowpea varieties (UAM-1051-1, IT99K-573-2-1 and UAM-1055-6). Pot experiment was set up in a randomized complete block design using bone meal (BM), crab shell (CS), earthworm cast (EC) as treatments. Inorganic fertilizer (NPK) was used as negative control while pots without any treatment were set up as positive control. The total experimental unit was 108.. Data were collected at intervals on growth and flowering parameters and analysed. The largest variation was found in percentage germination (3WAP) (F=3745.43, P=0.05) followed by day to flowering (2WAMA) (F=2607.29, P<0.05). UAM-1055-6 had the highest percentage germination (78.7%) significantly different from UAM-1051-1 (60.18%). The height of UAM-1055-6 and IT99k-573-2-1 was significantly more enhanced at two weeks and five weeks after manure application (2-5WAMA). Number of leaves were also significantly higher in IT99k-573-2-1 (13.88) and UAM-1051-1 (13.5) than in UAM-1055-6 (11.64) after manure application. Day to flowering was highest in UAM-1055-6 (57.11 days). Combination of Bm+Cs+Ec (5g) gave the longest leaves (7.13 cm) while the application of Bm+Ec (7.5g) resulted in the widest plant spread (8.46cm). Highest number of leaves (17.08) was produced by Bm+Ec (5g). The quickest flowering time (<50 days) was achieved in Cs+Ec (5g), Bm (7.5g) and NPK (1.3g). Therefore, animal based organic manure under consideration performed better than NPK and control treatments and should be explored in cowpea production to address the challenges associated with high cost of inorganic fertilizer and its hazardous effects on the environment.
Cowpea Production, Animal Wastes, Manure, Environmental Management
[01] Ajeigbe H. A., Saidou, A. K., Singh, B. B., Hide, O. and Satoshi, T. (2012). Potentials for cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) for dry season grain and fodder production in the Sudan and Sahel zones of WestAfrica, in Innovative Research Along the Cowpea Value Chain, eds Boukar O., Coulibaly O., Fatokun C. A., Lopez K., Tamo M., editors. (Ibadan: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), 189-202.
[02] Dube, E. and Fanadzo, M. (2013). Maximizing yield benefits from dual-purpose cowpea. Food Security, 5: 769-779.
[03] Abudulai, M., Seini, S. S., Haruna, M., Mohammed, A. M. and Asante, S. K. (2016). Farmer participatory pest management evaluations and variety selection in diagnostic farmer field Fora in cowpea in Ghana. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 11: 1765-1771.
[04] Singh, B. B. (2002). Recent genetic studies in cowpea. In: Fatokun CA, Tarawali SA, Singh BB, Kormawa PM, Tamo M (eds) Challenges and Opportunities for Enhancing Sustainable Cowpea Production. Intl Inst Tropical Agric, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp. 3–13.
[05] FAO (2002). World Agriculture: towards 2015/2030. Summary report, Rome.
[06] Aguoru, C U., Azua E. T and Olasan J. O. (2015) Approaches to mininmizing and overcoming current biodiversity loss. British Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3 (3): 12-26.
[07] Olasan, J. O., Zara, M. and Atim, H. L. (2020). Effect of Chlorine Treated Water on Germination and Growth of Cowpea Cultivars (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp). International Journal of Environmental and Agriculture Research, 6 (9), 27–34.
[08] Agbogidi, O. M. and Egho, E. O. (2012). Evaluation of eight varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) in Asaba agro-ecological environment, Delta State, Nigeria. European Journal of Sustainable Development. 1 (2): 303-314.
[09] Shivraj, S. R. (2016). Genetic Variability, Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis for Yield and Its attributing Traits in Cowpea. Master of Science Thesis. Department of Horticulture College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru KrishiVishwaVidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh.
[10] Borji, M., Ghorbanli, M. and Sarlak, M. (2007). Some seed traits and their relationships to seed germination, emergence rate electrical conductivity in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Asian Journal of Plant Science. 6: 781-787.
[11] Ahmed, M. E. and Elzaawely, A. A. (2010). Growth and Yield of Cowpea Plants in Response to Organic Fertilization. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4 (8): 3244-3249, 2010.
[12] Badar, R., Khan, M., Batool, B. and Shabbir, S. (2015). Effects of organic amendments in comparison with chemical fertilizer on cowpea growth. International Journal of Applied Research. 1 (5): 66-71.
[13] Nwokwu, G. N. (2020). Effect of NPK (12: 12: 17) Fertilizer Rates on the Growth and Yield of Cowpea (Vignaunguiculata) Varieties. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 10 (2): 1-5.
[14] Krasilnikoff, G., Gahoonia, T., and Erik-Nelson, N., (2003). Variation in Phosphorus Uptake by Genotypes of cowpea (Vignaunguiculata (L.) Walp) due to differences in root and root hair length and induced rhizosphere processes. Journal of Plant and Soil. 251: 8391.
[15] Nyoki, D., Patrick, A., Ndakidemi, R., (2013). Economic benefits of Brady rhizobium Japonicum Inoculation and phosphorus Supplementation in cowpea (Vignaunguiculata (L.) Walp) Grown in Northern Tanzania. American Journal of Research communication. 1 (11): 173-189.
[16] Ndakidemi, P. A. and Dakora, F. D., (2007). Yield components of nodulated cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) and maize (Zea mays) plants grown with exogenous phosphorus in different cropping systems. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 47: 587-590.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.