American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol.6, No.4, Dec. 2021, Pub. Date: Dec. 6, 2021
Challenges of Mask Pollutants to Our Environment During COVID-19 Pandemic Period
Pages: 118-127 Views: 1110 Downloads: 210
Authors
[01] Phyoe Marnn, Faculty of Wetland Ecology, State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Vegetation Restoration, School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[02] Nizeyimana Jean Claude, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Department of Water Pollution Control Engineering, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[03] Thaw Tar Oo, Faculty of Myanmar, Department of Myanmar, University of Distance Education, Bago, Myanmar.
[04] Izhaar Malik, Faculty of Wetland Ecology, State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Vegetation Restoration, School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[05] Muhammad Mateen Tahir, Faculty of Life Sciences, Jilin Key Laboratory of Animal Resource Conservation and Utilization, School of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[06] Rahmatullah Fetrat, Faculty of Education, Department of Education, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[07] Meruyert Tastybay, Faculty of Ecology, Key Laboratory of Vegetation Ecology of Ministry of Education, Institute of Grassland Science, School of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
[08] Usman Kaku Dawuda, Faculty of Wetland Ecology, State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Vegetation Restoration, School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.
Abstract
Bago is one of the Divisions in Myanmar and Bago River is a river of Southern Myanmar. The City Market is situated on the river banks in Bago Division and there are a lot of pollutants along the Bago River. Most of the waste including Municipal wastewater is ending in rivers in most Divisions of Myanmar and some wastes are being burnt and thus air pollution has become one of the threats to the Environment of Myanmar. Plastic bags and disposable cups are the main problems of waste pollution in Bago River. Before COVID-19, there is no mask pollutant in Bago River and during the first waste and second wave of COVID-19, wastes of single-use masks can be found there. Organic waste can be easily destroyed naturally, however, plastic wastes and mask wastes can sustain for many years to kill aquatic animals directly and humans, avifaunae and wildlife animals indirectly. Myanmar is still poor in techniques to restore its environment, causing by pollutions and deforestations like as developed countries. This study expresses the waste pollutants in Bago River and Bago City during the COVID-19 pandemic period. Average 156 Tons of rubbish are ending up every month in Bago River. During the study period, nearly 50,000 masks were placed at the bank of Bago River and some percentages of waste masks were floating on Bago River. In a week, there are 288 Tons of rubbishes in Bago City.
Keywords
Bago River, Waste Pollution, Plastic Bags, Mask Pollutants, Rubbishes
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