American Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science
Articles Information
American Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science, Vol.4, No.1, Mar. 2018, Pub. Date: Jun. 6, 2018
Parallelism Effects in Chinese Coordinate Structure: Evidence from Eye Movement Study
Pages: 8-16 Views: 1149 Downloads: 934
Authors
[01] Tao Zeng, College of Foreign Languages, Hunan University, Changsha, China.
[02] Taoyan Zhu, College of Foreign Languages, Hunan University, Changsha, China.
[03] Zhang Min, College of Foreign Languages, Hunan University, Changsha, China.
[04] Xiaoya Li, College of Foreign Languages, Hunan University, Changsha, China.
Abstract
When reading two phrases or clauses with the same structures, the second constituent of the parallel structure is processed faster when it parallels the first constituent, this phenomenon is named as parallelism effects. In English, parallelism effect occurs in coordinate structure which is also a common type of phrase structure in Chinese, so this effect also happens in processing Chinese coordinate structure. In Chinese, several coordinate phrase structures coexist such as coordinate structure with conjunction “HE”(and) or Chinese punctuation marker (、), as well as label free coordinate structure. In the present study, a single factor and two-level experimental design was carried out to explore the parallelism effects of different coordinate phrase structures in Chinese. By adopting eye tracker, the experiment involved 41 Chinese native coming from different schools of Hunan University. Results showed that: 1) There were parallelism effects in coordinate structures with “HE” and Chinese punctuation marker (、), while the parallelism effect in processing of label free coordinate structure is not obvious. 2) There were significant differences in eye movement among these three Chinese coordinate structures during reading process. 3) The parallelism effect in Chinese coordinate structure is a special form of syntactic prediction, and it is not the result of syntactic priming.
Keywords
Parallelism Effects, Coordinate Structure, Syntactic Prediction, Eye Tracking
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