International Journal of Animal Biology
Articles Information
International Journal of Animal Biology, Vol.1, No.1, Feb. 2015, Pub. Date: Jan. 23, 2015
Determine of Potassium and Phosphorus in the Soil, Feed and Plasma Serum of Sheep Grazing at El-khuwei Locality, West Kordofan, Sudan
Pages: 1-5 Views: 2423 Downloads: 975
[01] Abdel Moniem M. A. El Hag, Animal Production and Rangeland, Agriculture Research Corporation (ARC), El- Obeid Research Station, Sudan.
[02] A. A. Hassabo, Department of Animal Production, West Kordofan University, El- Nahwed, Sudan.
[03] M. O. Eisa, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Omdurman Islamic University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[04] A. F. Bakheit Sallam, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, El- Obeid, Sudan.
A study was conducted to determine potassium and phosphorus in the soil, feed and plasma serum of sheep grazing in natural pasture during the flowering and seed setting stage in the year 2014 at El-khuwei locality, west Kordofan State, Sudan. Sampling was done on two stages at flowering and seed setting in selected locations (4km2 each). Within each stage randomly selected randomly collected 60 samples of soil, feed and plasma serum. The data was analyzed used a completely randomized design (CRD). SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) was used for the statistical analysis. Soil concentrations significantly difference (P<0.001) higher potassium K (3.15- 2.51 mg/100g) and phosphorus P (17.37- 11.00 mg/100g) at the flowering stage than that at seed setting stage respectively. Feed were lower potassium K (1.16- 2.09 mg/100g) and phosphorus P (7.17- 16.83 mg/100g) at flowering stage than that at seed setting stage respectively. Blood serum of sheep was highly potassium K (7.77- 6.95mm/l) and phosphorus P (4.72- 4.55 mg/dl) at flowering stage and least at seed setting respectively. It can be concluded that potassium and phosphorus on soil and plasma serum has been reported highly concentrations at the flowering stage than that at seed setting stage. However feed have been reported highly concentrations at seed setting stage and least at the flowering stage.
Stages, Soil, Feed, Plasma, Potassium, Phosphorus, Sheep, Sudan
[01] Anonymous. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Analytical Chemists. (14th Ed.). Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A.
[02] AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists). 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Washington D.C.
[03] Anguelov, G., I. Anguelova and N.O. Bailey. 2012. Land-use impact on soil solution constituents from an Ultisol of North Florida. Nutrient Cycling in Agro ecosystems. 90(2):171-187. DOI: 10.1007/s10705- 010-9420-2.
[04] Baruah, A., K.K. Baruah and B.N. Bhattacharya. 2000. Certain macro and micro minerals in prepuberal jersey heifer in relation to soil and forage. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 70(1):93-95.
[05] Carles, A.B. 1983. Sheep Production in the Tropics. Oxford tropical handbooks.Department of Animal Production, University of Nairobi, Kenya. 213 p.
[06] Cohen, R.D.H. 1980. Phosphors in range land ruminant nutrition: A review, Livestock Production Science 7:25-37.
[07] Dominguez, V.I, and M.B. Huerta. 2007. Mineral concentration and interrelationship in soil, forage and blood serum of sheep during two seasons in the Toluca Valley, Mexico. Agrociencia. 42:173-183.
[08] El hag Abdel Moniem, M.A, A.A. Hassabo, A. Mohammed and F.M. Mohammed. 2014. Determine of Some Macro Minerals Potassium and Phosphors in the Blood Serum of Goats Grazing At El-Khuwei Locality, West Kordofan State, Sudan. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research. 2(4):378-382. 2014. Online ISSN: 2345-4385. Journal homepage:
[09] El hag Abdel Moniem, M.A, I. Bushara, A.A. Hassabo, I.Y.Turki and M.O. Eisa. 2014. Determine Phosphorus and Calcium in Soil of the Grazing Area, El-Khuwei Locality, West Kordofan State, Sudan. The Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences. 1(1):1-5. 2014. Online ISSN: 2383-238x. Journal homepage: www.journals.
[10] Fadlella, B and R.H. Cook. 1985. Design and implementation of in- herd/on-range trials: use of sentinel herds. In: Research methodologies for livestock on-farm trials.
[11] Georgievskii, V.I, B.N Annenkov and V.T Samochin. 1982. Mineral Nutrition of Animals Butterworths, London. 475 p.
[12] Gizachew, L, A. Hirpha, E. Jalata and G.N. Smith. 2002. Mineral animal status of soils, native pastures and cattle blood serum in the mid-altitude of Western Ethiopia. African J. Ranger Forage Sci., 19: 147-155.
[13] Grunwaldt, E.G, J.C. Guevara, O.R. Estevez, H. Rousselle, N. Alcuten, D. Aguerregary and C.R. Stasi. 2005. Instituto Argentino Invastigations delas Zonas, Aridas (IADIZA). Tropic. AnimalHealth Prod., 37: 527-540.
[14] ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research). 2006. Handbook of Agriculture. New Delhi, pp. 59-61.
[15] Kamada, H, H.K. Nishimura, P. Krongyuti,P. Sukkasame, N. Phoengpong and S. Intramanee. 2000. Selenium status of soil, herbage and beef cattle in Southern Thailand. Asian. Aus. J.Anim. Sci., 13:757-760.
[16] Khan, Z.I, K. Ahmed, M. Ashraf, E.E Valeem and L.R. McDowell. 2009. Mineral status of forage and its relationship with that of plasma of farm animals in Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Pak. J.Bot., 41: 67-72.
[17] Khan, Z.I., K. Ahmed, M. Ashraf, E.E. Valeem and I. Javed. 2008. A comparative study on mineral status of blood plasma of small ruminants and Pastures in Punjab, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 41:67-72.
[18] Landon, J.R (Ed.). 1984. Booker Tropical Soil Manual. A handbook for soil survey and Agricultural evaluation in the tropics and subtropics. Booker Agriculture International limited: Longman, Newyork.
[19] MARF. 2009. Ministry of Animal Resource and Fisher. Statistical of animal wealth report. North Kordofan, Sudan.
[20] NRC. 1981. Nutrient requirements of goats: Angora, dairy and meat goats in temperate and tropical countries. Nat. National Academy of Sciences. Washington, DC, 23., pp. 91.
[21] Pasha, T.N, Z. Khan Muhammad and U. Farooq. 2009. Assessment of macro- minerals status in soil, water, feed resources and its influence on blood plasma of sheep and goats in central mix cropping zone of Punjab. Pakistan. Tropical and subtropical Agroecosystems. 11(1): 249-253.
[22] Poland, W.W, E.Grings, J.Karn and L. Manske. 2001. Mineral concentration and availability of forages for grazing livestock in the Northern Great Plains. ickinson Research Centre. Annual Report.
[23] Rhue, R.D., and G. Kidder. 1983. Analytical procedures used by the IFAS extension soil laboratory and the interpretation of results. Soil Sci. Dept., Univ. Florida, Gainesville.
[24] Rick, M. 2007. Minerals. Small Ruminant Series. Uvalde. Texas Agricultural Extension Service. Retrieved on December 20, 2006 from
[25] Sanchez, P.A. 1976. Properties and management of soils in the tropics. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
[26] Singh, D., P.K. Chhonkar and B.S. Dwivedi. 2005. Manual for soil, water, plant and fertilizer analysis. Westville Pub., New Delhi, India. pp: 117-142.
[27] Stewente, A, H.M. Gramshaw, J.A. Parkinson and C. Quarmby. 1974. Chemical Analysis of Ecological Material. Blackwell Scientific Publication, U.K., pp. 78-88.
[28] Steel, R.G.D., and J.H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics. A biometrical approach (2nd Ed.). McGraw Hill Book Co. New York.
[29] Tiffany, M.E., L.R. McDowell, G.A. O'Connor, H. Nguyen, F.G. Martin, N.S. Wilkinson and E.C. Cardoso. 2000. Effects of pasture-applied biosolids on forage and soil concentrations over a grazing season in North Florida. I. Macrominerals, crude protein, and in vitro digestibility. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 31: 201-213.
[30] Underwood, E.J. 1981. The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. 2nd ed. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureax, London, England. 180 p.
[31] Underwood, E.J. 1966. The mineral nutrition of livestock. The Central Press, Aberdeen, UK.
[32] Yerokun, O.A. 2008. Chemical characteristics of phosphorus in some representative benchmark soils of Zambia. Geoderma, 147: 63-68.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.