International Journal of Animal Biology
Articles Information
International Journal of Animal Biology, Vol.1, No.5, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 15, 2015
Feasibility for Development of Comparative Life Histories and Predation of Predatory Mites in Phytoseiidae Complex and Their Experimental Manipulations for Pests Control
Pages: 150-157 Views: 2378 Downloads: 1161
Authors
[01] Muhammad Sarwar, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Abstract
Predatory mites have been used for many years to manage small insects and mites pest in fruits, vegetables and crops. Many species of predatory mites in the family Phytoseiidae feed on some insects and mites and can provide good biological control of these pests. Predators Neoseiulus cucumeris (Amblyseius) cucumeris (Oudemans) and Neoseiulus pseudolongispinosus (Xin, Liang and Ke) (Phytoseiidae) are predatory mites capable of eating large numbers of insect and mite pests, and these move amongst the plants to find their prey. Each Phytoseiidae mite can eat many hundreds of spider mites or other pests during its life cycle, and may feed upon all stages of pest mites. These predatory mites must be introduced at the first sign of pest’s infestation. Like all protectors of biological controls, predatory mites are harmless to children, pets and wildlife, and cannot become a pest in their own right. When there is a history of the pests in a greenhouse or field, conservatory it is advisable to check carefully for damage signs and mite activities early, and predatory mites should be introduced. As a basic rule to achieve good control of red spider mite in about three weeks, provide the starting ratio of red spider mites to predator no greater than 20 pest mites to 1 predatory mite. The predatory mites cannot be stored for long time, and it needs to be used immediately upon receipt from rearing insectaries and all packs of predator are sent with complete instructions. The predatory mites can be used indoors or outside provided the environment is sufficiently conducive for their growth and performance. The air temperature must be around 20ºC (68ºF) for at least part of the day, humidity should be fairly high and the temperature must not fall below 10ºC (50ºF). The biological control using predatory mites can be effected by chemical usage, as a general rule stop using botanical pesticides 4 days before, synthetic pesticides 1-2 weeks before and soft soap insecticides 1 day before their releasing. The use of single or more biological control agents in multiple agricultural systems may facilitate area-wide pest management and conservation strategies within a common region of crop land.
Keywords
Phytoseiidae, Neoseiulus cucumeris, Tetranychus, Tyrophagus, Neoseiulus pseudolongispinosus
References
[01] Brushwein, J. 1991. Spider mite IPM: Using the predatory mite, Plzytoseiulus persimilis, to control two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae. Florida Foliage, 6-8 p.
[02] Canlas, L. J., Amano, H., Ochiai, N. and Takeda, M. 2006. Biology and predation of Japanese strain of Neoseiulus californicus (McGreagor) (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Syst. Appl. Acarol., 11: 141-157.
[03] Cashion, G. J., Bixler, H. and Price, J. E. 1994. Nursery IPM trials using predatory mites. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 107: 220-222.
[04] Croft, B. A., Pratt, P. O., Koskela, G. and Kaufman, D. 1998. Predation, reproduction and impact of phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on cyclamin mite, Phytonemus pallidus (Acari: Tarsonemidae) on Strawberry. J. Econ. Entomol., 91: 1307-1314.
[05] Ghoneim, K. 2014. Parasitic insects and mites as potential biocontrol agents for a devastative pest of tomato, Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in the world: A review. International Journal of Advanced Research, 2 (8): 81-115.
[06] Litsinger, J. 1995. Pest Problems in Floriculture in the Philippines. Philippines Trip Report, Feb., 8- March 8, Agribusiness System Assistance Program, IPM CRSP, Office of International Research and Development, 1060 Litton Reaves Hall, Virginia Tech, Ph- 10.
[07] McMurtry, J. A. 1982. The use of phytoseiids for biological control: Progress and future prospects. In: Recent Advances in Knowledge of the Phytoseiidae, ed. M. A. Hoy, p. 23-48. Publ. 3284. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press.
[08] McMurtry, J. A. and Croft, B. A. 1997. Life-styles of phytoseiid mites and their roles in biological control. Annual Review of Entomology, 42: 291-312.
[09] Metzger, J. A. 2001. Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) as a potential biological control agent for spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) in Virginia vineyards. Master of Science in Entomology Thesis, Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, January 18, 2001.
[10] Morris, M. A., Croft, B. A. and. Berry, R. E. 1996. Overwintering and effects of autumn habitat manipulation and carbofuran on Neoseililu fallacis and Tetranychus urticae in peppermint. Exp. Appl. Acarol., 20: 249-258.
[11] Pratt, P. D. and Croft. B. A. 2000. Screening of Predatory Mites as Potential Control Agents of Pest Mites in Landscape Plant Nurseries of the Pacific Northwest. J. Environ. Hart., 18 (4): 218-223.
[12] Sarwar, M. 2008. Predatory Mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) Culturing For Their Releasing in Field and Protected Crops For Insect and Mite Pests Management. Post Doc. Dissertation. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Plant Protection, Beijing, China.
[13] Sarwar, M. 2012. Frequency of Insect and mite Fauna in Chilies Capsicum annum L., Onion Allium cepa L. and Garlic Allium sativum L. Cultivated Areas, and their Integrated Management. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 3 (5): 173-178.
[14] Sarwar, M. 2013 a. Comparing abundance of predacious and phytophagous mites (Acarina) in conjunction with resistance identification between Bt and non-Bt cotton cultivars. African Entomology, 21 (1): 108-118.
[15] Sarwar, M. 2013 b. Management of Spider Mite Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval) (Tetranychidae) Infestation in Cotton by Releasing the Predatory Mite Neoseiulus pseudolongispinosus (Xin, Liang and Ke) (Phytoseiidae). Biological Control, 65 (1): 37-42.
[16] Sarwar, M. 2014. Influence of host plant species on the development, fecundity and population density of pest Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) and predator Neoseiulus pseudolongispinosus (Xin, Liang and Ke) (Acari: Phytoseiidae). New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 42 (1): 10-20.
[17] Sarwar, M. 2015 a. Mite Pests (Acari) in Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Plantations and Implementation of Control Strategy. Bioscience and Bioengineering, 1 (3): 41-47.
[18] Sarwar, M. 2015 b. Mites (Acarina) as Vectors of Plant Pathogens and Relation of These Pests to Plant Diseases. Agricultural and Biological Sciences Journal, 1 (4): 150-156.
[19] Sarwar, M., Ashfaq, M., Ahmad, A. and Randhawa, M. A. M. 2013. Assessing the Potential of Assorted Plant Powders on Survival of Caloglyphus Grain Mite (Acari: Acaridae) in Wheat Grain. International Journal of Agricultural Science and Bioresource Engineering Research, 2 (1) 1-6.
[20] Sarwar, M., Kongming, W. and Xuenong X. 2009. Evaluation of biological aspects of the predacious mite, Neoseiulus cucumeris (Oudemans) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) due to prey changes using some selected Arthropods. International Journal of Acarology, 35 (6): 503-509.
[21] Sarwar, M., Xuenong, X. and Kongming, W. 2010. Effects of different flours on the biology of the pry Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) (Acarina: Acaridae) and the predator Neoseiulus pseudolongispinosus (Xin, Liang and Ke) (Acari: Phytoseiidae). International Journal of Acarology, 36 (5): 363-369.
[22] Sarwar, M., Xuenong, X., Wang, E. and Kongming, W. 2011 a. The potential of four mite species (Acari: Phytoseiidae) as predators of sucking pests on protected cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) crop. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (1): 73-78.
[23] Sarwar, M., Kongming, W., Xuenong, X. and Wang, E. 2011 b. Evaluations of four mite predators (Acari: Phytosiidae) released for suppression of spider mite infesting protected crop of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (15): 3509-3514.
[24] Sarwar, M., Xuenong, X. and Kongming, W. 2012. Suitability of webworm Loxostege sticticalis L. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) eggs for consumption by immature and adults of the predatory mite Neoseiulus pseudolongispinosus (Xin, Liang and Ke) (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 10 (3): 786-793.
[25] Strong, W. B. and Croft, B. A. 1995. Inoculative release of phytoseiid mites into the rapidly expanding canopy of hops for control of Tetranychus urticae. Environ. Entomol., 24: 446-453.
[26] Williams, J. L. 2008. Predatory mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in Fraser fir Christmas tree plantations in the southern Appalachians of North Carolina. Ph. D. Thesis, North Carolina State University.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.