International Journal of Animal Biology
Articles Information
International Journal of Animal Biology, Vol.1, No.3, Jun. 2015, Pub. Date: May 6, 2015
Effect of Feeding Urea-Treated Sugar-Cane Bagasse on Properties and Quality of Fresh Meat of Sudan Baggara Zebu Bulls
Pages: 45-49 Views: 2252 Downloads: 1813
Authors
[01] Mohammed H. Ahmed, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zalingei, Zalingei, Sudan.
[02] Salih A. Babiker, Department of Meat Production, Faculty of Animal Production, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
Abstract
This study was conducted to study the effect of pre-treatment of agricultural by-product on the meat quality attributes and general sensory properties. Treatment sugar-cane bagasse with urea increased the CP and reduced CF. Sudan Baggara bulls finished on three levels (10%, 20%, 30%) while other group (control group) finished on 0% treated sugar-cane bagasse. Thirty six Baggara bulls divided into four group 9 bulls foreach group were fattened for 70 days. Six bulls from each group were slaughtered at the end of fattening period. Physical and subjective meat quality attributes and meat chemical composition of longissimus dorsi were not affected by treated sugar-cane bagasse level in the diets.
Keywords
Slaughtered, Carcass, Wholesale Cuts, Sirloin
References
[01] Ahmed, B. A. E. (2003). The effect of different levels of energy and protein on growth and carcass composition of Baggara bulls. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Khartoum.
[02] AOAC. (2000). Official methods of analysis, 17th ed. Association of official analytical chemists. Washington. DC.
[03] Asselbergs, E. A. and Whitaker, J. R. (1961). Determination of water-holding capacity of ground cooked lean meat. Food Technol. 15:392.
[04] Babiker, I. A. (2008). Feedlot performance of Sudan Baggara bulls Fed bagasse based diets (BBD). Ph. D. Thesis. University of Khartoum
[05] Bowling, R. A., Smith, G. C., Carpenter, Z. L., Dutson, T. R. and Oliver, W. M. (1977). Comparison of forge-finished and grain-finished beef carcasses. J. Animal Sci. 45(2): 209-215.
[06] Caneque, S., Velasco, S. and Sancha, J. L. (1998). Nutritional value and use of ligno-cellulosic feed treated with urea in the ruminant diet. In: Exploitation of Mediterranean roughage and by-products. Antongiovanni M. (Ed). Options Mediterraneenes 32-17:17, (CIHEAM). Serie B: Etudes etRecherches n.
[07] Chenost, M. and Kayouli, C. (1997). Roughage utilization in warm climates. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
[08] Elbukhary, H. A. A. (2005). Effect of dietary energy level on finishing Baggara heifers. Ph. D. Thesis. University of Khartoum.
[09] El-Khidir, I. A. (1989). Desert goats and sheep meat production and quality. M. V. Sc. Thesis. University of Khartoum, Sudan.
[10] Elkhidir, I. A. (2004). Utilization of sugar-cane bagasse for fattening cattle. Ph.D thesis. University of Khartoum.
[11] Eltahir, I. E. (1994). Beef production potential of Baggara and 50% Friesian crossbred. Ms. C. Thesis. University of Khartoum
[12] Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. G. (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley & Sons, USA.
[13] Griffithis, C, L., Savell, J. W., Smith, G. C., Rhee, K. S. and Johnson, H. K. (1985). Cooking times, cooking losses and energy for cooking lamb roast. J. Fd. Quality. 8(2):69.
[14] Hankey, C. and Kay, M. (1988). A note on the food conversion and meat quality of crossbred Aberdeen Angus and Charolasis heifer. Anim. Prod. 47: 497-500.
[15] Lawrie, R. A. (1991). Meat science 5th ed. Pergamon press. Oxford, U. K.
[16] McDonald, I., Edwards, R. A. and Greenhalg, J. F. D. (2002). Animal nutrition. 6th ed. Pearson Prentiee Hall. Edingburgh gate, UK.
[17] Mohamed, H. K. (1999). The effect of different dietary energy levels on performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Baggara bulls. Ph. D. Thesis. U of K.
[18] Mohammed, A. M. (2004). Effect of slaughter weight on meat production heifers. Ph. D. Thesis. University of Khartoum.
[19] Nguyen, X. T., Dan, C. X., Ly, L. V. and Sandsle, F. (2002). Effect of urea concentration, moisture content and duration of treatment on chemical composition of alkali treated rice straw. Livest. Res. Rural Devel. 10 (1).
[20] Prior, R. L., Kolmeier, R. H., Cundiff, L. V., Dikeman, M. E. and Crouse, J. D. (1977). Influence of dietary energy and protein on growth and carcass composition in different biological types of cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 45(1): 132-146.
[21] Suksombat, W. (2004). Comparison of different alkali treatment on bagasse and rice straw. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17 (10):1430-1433.
[22] Sundstol, F. (1988) Straw and other fibrous by-products. Livest. Prod. Sci. 19: 137-158.
[23] Uro, A. O., Osman, A. M. and Gaili, E. (1987). The effect of plane of nutrition on protein content and water holding capacity of muscle of Baggara cattle. Sudan J. Vet. And Aim. Husb. 26(1): 117-125.
[24] Wanderstock, J. J. and Miller, J. I. (1948). Quality and palatability of beef as affected by method of feeding and carcass grade. Food. Res. 13: 291.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.