International Journal of Animal Biology
Articles Information
International Journal of Animal Biology, Vol.1, No.3, Jun. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 3, 2015
Repellence Activity of Plant Oils against Red Flour Beetle Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in Wheat
Pages: 86-92 Views: 2209 Downloads: 1819
Authors
[01] Hina Hanif Khanzada, Sindh Agriculture University, Department of Entomology, Tando Jam, Sindh, Pakistan.
[02] Muhammad Sarwar, Nuclear Institute of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection, Tando Jam, Sindh, Pakistan.
[03] Muhammed Khan Lohar, Sindh Agriculture University, Department of Entomology, Tando Jam, Sindh, Pakistan.
Abstract
The present studies were carried out on the repellence activity of plant oils against Red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) in wheat. The four plant oils i.e., Mustard oil (Brassica campestris), Coconut oil (Cocus nucifera), Sesame oil (Sesamum indicum) and Rocket seed oil (Eurica sativa) were used for the grains treatment. It was observed that plant edible oils effected on developmental stages of red flour beetle that was responsible for causing heavy damage and weight losses to the grains of wheat. However, among oils, the Rocket seed oil, statistically gave better results for pest control when compared with other oils and check grain. The overall results presented showed that the minimum adult emergence of Red flour beetle was recorded in Rocket seed oil followed by Mustard oil, Coconut oil and Sesame oil, whereas, the maximum adult emergence observed in control treatment. Similarly, the minimum pest’s fecundity was recorded in Rocket seed oil followed by mustard oil, coconut oil and sesame oil. On the other hand, the maximum fecundity was observed in control treatment of grain. The minimum grain’s weight loss was seen in Rocket seed oil at its application rate of 0.25 ml per sample. On the other hand, the maximum weight loss was recorded in the control. However, sesame oil was the least effective in protecting grains followed by coconut oil. The data showed that the maximum temperature was recorded on the 3rd week of September, 2008 during experimentation. However, the minimum temperature was recorded on 4th week of November of the study year. Similarly, the maximum humidity was recorded on the 2nd week of August, whereas, the minimum humidity recorded during 2nd week of October. This suggests that the multiplication of red flour beetle T. castaneum in the months of August and September was faster when humidity and temperature were higher.
Keywords
Wheat, Tribolium castaneum, Plant Oil, Store Grain, Pest Control
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