International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, Vol.1, No.2, Sep. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 26, 2015
Stopping Breeding of Dengue Virus Spreader Aedes Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) with Environmental Modifications
Pages: 169-174 Views: 2459 Downloads: 1116
[01] Muhammad Sarwar, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Dengue virus spreader Aedes mosquitoes are now present globally in tropical and sub-tropical regions, and spread to more temperate areas during the summer. Mosquitoes Aedes albopictus Skuse and Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) have adapted to breed around human dwellings and prefer to lay eggs in clean water, and since the virus can be passed from adult to egg, the dengue virus is guaranteed to survive until the next summer and heavy rains. Modern mosquito control in wetlands integrates chemical, biological and physical techniques. However, environment modifications, using breeding reduction methods, provide permanent and effective mosquito control with some apparent impacts. For the reason that of this, the present study is aimed to assess impacts of environmental modifications for mosquito control. Environment modification, or also known as physical or permanent control, is typically one part of a mosquito control. This can be as simple as properly discarding old containers which hold water capable of producing mosquitoes such as tires, which severe as A. aegypti or A. albopictus mosquitoes producing habitat can be managed by proper disposal of them. Otherwise, it can be as complex as implementing of rotational impoundment management or open marsh water management techniques which control salt marsh mosquitoes at the same time as significant habitat restoration is occurring. Source reduction is important in that its use can virtually eliminate the need for pesticide usage in and adjacent to the affected habitat. Mosquito control by environment modification efforts is a management initiative when ditching of high marshes by hand or with explosives occurs. Other environment modification concerted efforts include the filling of salt marshes and the creation of impoundments. While all of these techniques have mosquito control benefits, some environmental impacts may occur from their implementation. Environment modifications in freshwater habitats like flood plains, swamps, marshes typically involve constructing and maintaining channels or ditches, which can serve the dual functions of dewatering an area before mosquito emergence can occur and also as harborage for larvivorous fishes. Mosquito production from storm water or waste water habitats also can be a problem, but typically can be managed by keeping such areas free of weeds through an aquatic plant management program and maintaining water quality that can support larvivorous fishes. The implications of environment modifications for future studies and impact assessment for mosquito control are appropriately touted for their effectiveness and economic benefits to incorporate in an integrated vector management program.
Disease Vector, Vector Survey, Arboviruses, Public Health, Environmental Management
[01] Breitfuss, M. J. 2001. Predicting the effects of runnelling on non-target salt-marsh resources. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 8: 23-29.
[02] Breitfuss, M. J., Chapman, H. F., Dale, P. E. R. and Thomas, P. 2004. Influence of Saltmarsh Habitat Modification for Mosquito Control on Shore Crab Populations in Southeast Queensland. Wetlands, 22 (1): 1-10.
[03] Breitfuss, M. J., Connolly, R. M. and Dale, P. E. R. 2003. Mangroves and mosquito control: transport of Avicennia marina propagules by mosquito-control runnels in southeast Queensland saltmarshes. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 56: 573-579.
[04] Carlson, D. B., Rey, J. R. and Carroll, J. D. 1992. The 2nd workshop on salt marsh management and research. J. of Fl. Mosq. Control Assoc., Bulletin # 2, 41 p.
[05] Carlson, D. B., Rey, J. R. and Carroll, J. D. 1997. The 3rd workshop on salt marsh management and research. J. of Fl. Mosq. Control Assoc., Bulletin # 3, 48 p.
[06] Corzine, J. S. and Jackson, L. P. 1997. Best Management Practices for Mosquito Control and Freshwater Wetlands Management. A Manual of Freshwater Wetland Management Practices for Mosquito Control in New Jersey, Department of Environmental Protection. 44 p.
[07] Dale, P. E. R. 2001. Wetlands of conservation significance: Mosquito borne disease and its control. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 8: 102-108.
[08] Dale, P. E. R., Chapman, H. F., Brown, M. D., Ritchie, S. A., Knight, J. and Kay, B. H. 2002. Does habitat modification affect oviposition by the salt marsh mosquito Ochlerotatus vigilax (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae). Australian Journal of Entomology, 41: 49-54.
[09] Florida Mosquito Control. 1998. Mosquito Control through Source Reduction. In: Florida Mosquito Control White Paper. Chapter 4, Florida Coordinating Council on Mosquito Control. University of Florida; Vero Beach, FL, USA.
[10] Harley, D., Sleigh, A. and Ritchie, S. 2001. Ross River virus transmission, infection and disease: A cross-disciplinary review. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 909-932.
[11] O'Bryan, P. D., Carlson, D. B. and Gilmore, R. G. 1990. Salt marsh mitigation: An example of the process of balancing mosquito control, natural resource and development interests. Fl. Sci., 53: 189-203.
[12] Rey, J. R. and Kain, T. 1989. A guide to the salt marsh impoundments of Florida. University of Florida - IFAS, Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, Vero Beach, FL. 447 p.
[13] Sarwar, M. 2014 a. Dengue Fever as a Continuing Threat in Tropical and Subtropical Regions around the World and Strategy for Its Control and Prevention. Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicological Studies, 2 (2): 1-6.
[14] Sarwar, M. 2014 b. Proposing Solutions for the Control of Dengue Fever Virus Carrying Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse). Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicological Studies, 2 (1): 1-6.
[15] Sarwar, M. 2014 c. Proposals for the Control of Principal Dengue Fever Virus Transmitter Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2 (2): 24-28.
[16] Sarwar, M. 2014 d. Defeating Malaria with Preventative Treatment of Disease and Deterrent Measures against Anopheline Vectors (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicological Studies, 2 (4): 1-6.
[17] Sarwar, M. 2015 a. Controlling Dengue Spreading Aedes Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Using Ecological Services by Frogs, Toads and Tadpoles (Anura) as Predators. American Journal of Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 1 (1): 18-24.
[18] Sarwar, M. 2015 b. Elimination of Dengue by Control of Aedes Vector Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Utilizing Copepods (Copepoda: Cyclopidae). International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 1 (1): 53-58.
[19] Sarwar, M. 2015 c. Reducing Dengue Fever through Biological Control of Disease Carrier Aedes Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, 1 (3): 161-166.
[20] Sarwar, M. 2015 d. The Dangers of Pesticides Associated with Public Health and Preventing of the Risks. International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 1 (2): 130-136.
[21] Sarwar, M. 2015 e. Commonly Available Commercial Insecticide Formulations and Their Applications in the Field. International Journal of Materials Chemistry and Physics, 1 (2): 116-123.
[22] Sarwar, M. 2015 f. The Killer Chemicals for Control of Agriculture Insect Pests: The Botanical Insecticides. International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science, 1 (3): 123-128.
[23] Sarwar, M. 2015 g. Control of Dengue Carrier Aedes Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Larvae by Larvivorous Fishes and Putting It into Practice Within Water Bodies. International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, 1 (4): 232-237.
[24] Sarwar, M. 2015 h. Role of Secondary Dengue Vector Mosquito Aedes albopictus Skuse (Diptera: Culicidae) for Dengue Virus Transmission and Its Coping. International Journal of Animal Biology, 1 (5): 219-224.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.