International Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Articles Information
International Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Vol.5, No.3, Sep. 2020, Pub. Date: Jun. 29, 2020
Nutrition Labelling Use and Its Associated Factors Among Medical Students: A Cross-sectional Study
Pages: 153-164 Views: 265 Downloads: 52
Authors
[01] Anne Tan Lixin, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[02] Phedra Hee Jun Han, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[03] Tan Meng Yang, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[04] Aishath Suma Abdul Latheef, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[05] Sumita Seelan, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
Abstract
Nutrition labels are important as they provide detailed information about a food item which help consumers in making decisions before purchasing a food item. However, there is a lack of awareness among medical students in using food labels when making purchasing decisions even though they have better understanding and knowledge on nutrition. This study was conducted to assess the nutrition knowledge and usage of nutrition labelling from the perspective of undergraduate medical students of Melaka Manipal Medical College (MMMC). A cross sectional study was conducted from March 2020 to April 2020. Data were collected using online questionnaires which included questions about demographic data, nutrition knowledge, the use of food and nutrition labels and factors that affected the use of food labelling. The analysis included frequency, percentages, mean, standard deviation, unpaired T-test, ANOVA and Chi-square. Statistical tests were done using Epi Info software (version 7.2) in which level of significance was set at P < 0.05. 38.10% of the students had high nutrition knowledge level while 58.50% had moderate nutrition knowledge level and the remaining 3.40% had low nutrition knowledge level. There was no significant association between age, gender, academic semester, ethnicity, nationality, family income/month, BMI and knowledge. 59.86% of the students used nutrition labels whereas 40.14% did not use them during food purchasing. There was a significant association between BMI and use of food labelling as obese students were less likely to use of food labelling compared to normal BMI (p value = 0.038). There was no significant association between age, gender, academic semester, ethnicity, nationality, family income/month and use of food labelling. Education on nutrition knowledge and the importance of using nutrition labels should be done in the mass media or incorporated in the curriculum to instil nutrition knowledge and promote frequent usage of nutrition information labels among students.
Keywords
Nutrition Labels, Knowledge of Nutrition, Medical Students
References
[01] Song J, Huang J, Chen Y, Zhu Y, Li H, Wen Y et al., (2015). The understanding, attitude and use of nutrition label among consumers (China). Nutrición Hospitalaria, 31 (6), 2703-2710.
[02] World Health Organization: WHO. (2020). Obesity and overweight. Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight
[03] World Health Organization: WHO. (2011). Healthy living. Retrieved from: http://www.kznhealth.gov.za/healthyliving.pdf
[04] Ambak R, Tupang L, Hasim MH, Salleh NC, Zulkafly N, et al. (2018). Who Do Not Read and Understand Food Label in Malaysia? Findings from a Population Study. Health Sci J. Vol. 12 No. 1: 548.
[05] Rabab A. Wahab, (2018). Food Label Use and Awareness of Nutritional Information Among Consumers in Bahrain: An Exploratory Study in Sustainability and Resilience Conference: Mitigating Risks and Emergency Planning, KnE Life Sciences, pages 26–36.
[06] United States Food and Drug Administration: FDA. (2020) How to Understand and Use the Nutrition Facts Label. Retrieved from: https://www.fda.gov/food/new-nutrition-facts-label/how-understand-and-use-nutrition-facts-label
[07] Institute for Public Health (2008) The Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) 2006. Ministry of Health Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
[08] Grunert KG, Wills JM, Fernández-Celemín L (2010) Nutrition knowledge, and use and understanding of nutrition information on food labels among consumers in the UK. Appetite 55: 177-189.
[09] Drichoutis A, Lazaridis P, Nayga R (2006) Consumers' use of nutritional labels: A review of research studies and issues. Acad Mark Sci Rev 10: 9.
[10] Annunziata A, Vecchio R (2012). Factors affecting use and understanding of nutrition information on food labels: Evidences from consumers. Agric Econ Rev 13: 103-116.
[11] Cheong SM, Kaur J, Lim KH, Ho BK, Mohmad S (2013). Use and understanding of nutrition labeling among elderly men and women in Malaysia. Malay J Nutr 3: 353-362.
[12] Rashidah A, Balkish MN, Mohd-Azahadi O, Nor-Azian MZ, Syafinaz MS, et al. (2014) Food label reading and understanding among obese adults: A population study in Malaysia. Int J Public Health Res 4: 449-456.
[13] Cannoosamy, Komeela & Pugo Gunsam, Prity & Jeewon, Rajesh. (2014). Consumer Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Nutritional Labels. Journal of nutrition education and behavior. 46. 10.1016/j.jneb.2014.03.010
[14] Baker P & Friel S (2014). Processed foods and the nutrition transition: evidence from Asia. Obes Rev. 15 (7): 564-577.
[15] Ochola S & Masibo PK (2014). Dietary intake of schoolchildren and adolescents in developing countries. Ann Nutr Metab 64 (2): 24-40.
[16] Jun LV, Yong C, Shengfeng W, Qingmin L, Yanjun R, Sara K & Liming L (2011). A Survey of nutrition labels and fats, sugars, and sodium ingredients in commercial packaged foods in Hangzhou, China. Public Health Rep 126 (1): 116-122.
[17] Campos S, Doxey J, Hammond D (2011) Nutrition labels on pre-packaged foods: a systematic review. Public Health Nutr 14: 1496-506
[18] IPH (2006). In: The Third National Health and Morbidity Survey 2006. Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. From http://iku.moh.gov.my/index.php/research-eng/list-of-research-eng/ikueng/nhms-eng/nhms-2006-eng
[19] IPH (2014). In: National Health and Morbidity Survey 2014: Malaysian Adult Nutrition Survey. Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. From: http://iku.moh.gov.my/images/IKU/Document/REPORT/NHMS2014-MANS-VOLUME-1- MethodologyandGeneralFind.pdf
[20] Norazmir, M., H. Norazlanshah, et al. (2012). Understanding and Use of Food Package Nutrition Label among Educated Young Adults. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 11 (10): 836- 842.
[21] Talagala IA & Arambepola C (2016). Use of food labels by adolescents to make healthier choices on snacks: a cross-sectional study from Sri Lanka. BMC Public Health 16 (1): 739.
[22] Wojcicki JM & Heyman MB (2012). Adolescent nutritional awareness and use of food labels: results from the National Nutrition Health and Examination Survey. BMC Pediatr 12: 55.
[23] Vemula, S. R., Gavaravarapu, S. M., Mendu, V. V. R., Mathur, P., & Avula, L. (2014). Use of food label information by urban consumers in India: A study among supermarket shoppers. Public Health Nutrition, 17, 2104–2114
[24] Misra, R. (2007). Knowledge, attitudes and label use among college students. J Am Diet Assoc., 107: 2130-2134
[25] Nurliyana, G., M. Norazmir, et al. (2011). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of University Students Regarding the Use of Nutritional Information and Food Labels. Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition 3: 79-91.
[26] Hazali, Norazlanshah and I, Muhammad and MD, Hasmira and M, Mashita and MR, Norfazilah and MF, Fazlyla Nadya (2013) The use of nutrition label on food purchasing decision among university students in Kuantan, Malaysia. Health and the Environment Journal, 4 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 2180-1126
[27] MacArthur, R. L., Wang, Y. H., & Feng, X. (2016). Influence of Age and Education on Nutritional Knowledge and Dietary Choices among Chinese Consumers in Shenyang, China. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 22 (1).
[28] Harnack, L. J., S. A. French, J. M. Oakes, M. T. Story, R. W. Jeffery and S. A. Rydell. (2008). Effects of calorie labeling and value size pricing on fast food meal choices: Results from an experimental trial. Int. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Act., 5: 1-13
[29] Hakli, G., As, E., Uçar, A., ÖZdogan, Y., Yilmaz, M. V., ÖZçelik, A. Ö.,... & Akan, L. S. (2016). Nutritional Knowledge and Behavior of Adults: Their Relations with Sociodemographic Factors. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 15 (6), 532.
[30] Nabhani-Zeidan, M., Naja, F., & Nasreddine, L. (2011). Dietary intake and nutrition-related knowledge in a sample of Lebanese adolescents of contrasting socioeconomic status. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 32 (2), 75–83.
[31] Laz, T., Rahman, M., Pohlmeier, A., Berenson, A. (2015). Level of Nutrition Knowledge and Its Association with Weight Loss Behaviors Among Low-Income Reproductive-Age Women. Journal of Community Health, 40, 542–548.
[32] Yahia N, Brown C, Rapley M, Chung M (2016). Level of nutrition knowledge and its association with fat consumption among college students. BMC Public Health
[33] Blitstein, JL & Evans, WD (2006). Use of nutrition facts panels among adults who make household food purchasing decisions. J Nutr Educ Behav 38, 360–364
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.