International Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Articles Information
International Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Vol.5, No.3, Sep. 2020, Pub. Date: Jul. 23, 2020
Risk Perception and Willingness to Perform Basic Life Support Following the 2019 Coronavirus Pandemic
Pages: 187-203 Views: 154 Downloads: 27
Authors
[01] Lim Yi Ern, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[02] Liew Teck Vui, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[03] Sangkari Ramesh, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[04] Kalaivani Rajan, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[05] Thavisha Archani Arangala, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
Abstract
Up to 2020 June 09, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel pneumonia disease originated from Wuhan, has affected 8,329 people in Malaysia including 325 healthcare staffs. While it is a healthcare professional’s duty to save people from this deadly infectious disease, it could be very intimidating to know that this highly infectious disease can be transmitted easily to themselves through droplets and close contact especially when they are performing Basic Life Support (BLS) which includes chest compression and mouth-to-mouth ventilation. Therefore, the aim of this research is to determine the perceived risk and willingness to perform Basic Life Support among medical students of Melaka-Manipal Medical College (MMMC) following the 2019 Coronavirus pandemic. A cross sectional study was conducted during May 2020 in MMMC. Purposive sampling was used to enrol students into this study and they were asked to respond to the validated online questionnaires designed to examine student’s confidence in BLS skills, their perceptions of the risks associated with performing BLS and their willingness to perform BLS in varying situations. The analysis included frequency, percentages, mean, standard deviation, unpaired T-test, ANOVA, chi-square test and logistic regression. A total of 172 participants answered the questionnaire, including 119 fourth year students and 53 fifth year students. All of them underwent BLS training during 3rd year. 73.9% of the students were concerned about disease transmission during BLS and 83.8% of them stated that the risk of infection transmission was greater now than it was before the COVID-19 pandemic. Students seemed to be more willing to perform chest compressions only for both family members and strangers but were less willing to perform mouth-to-mouth ventilation in strangers although they were mostly willing to do so for their family members. The fear of COVID-19 was found to be the most important reason that would stop our respondents from performing mouth-to-mouth ventilation. There was a significant association between gender and perception of risk to the rescuer from performing BLS. It has also been found out that the more confident students felt about their skills in BLS, the more willing they were to perform chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth ventilation during an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. In conclusion, COVID-19 pandemic had affected the risk perception of our medical student to perform BLS but had not much effect on our medical students’ willingness to perform BLS.
Keywords
Perception, Willingness, Basic Life Support, COVID-19, Medical Students, Cross-sectional
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