International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science
Articles Information
International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science, Vol.1, No.4, Dec. 2015, Pub. Date: Nov. 12, 2015
The Effect of Nano Particles on the Physical Properties of Heavy and Light Oils
Pages: 260-263 Views: 1720 Downloads: 927
Authors
[01] Jamal Sadeghi, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Fars Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran;Department of Petroleum Engineering, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran.
[02] Farshad Farahbod, Department of Chemical Engineering, Firoozabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozabad, Iran.
Abstract
In its strictest sense, petroleum includes only crude oil, but in common usage it includes all liquid, gaseous, and solid hydrocarbons. Under surface pressure and temperature conditions, lighter hydrocarbons methane, ethane, propane and butane occur as gases, while pentane and heavier ones are in the form of liquids or solids. Crude oil, liquid petroleum that is found accumulated in various porous rock formations in Earth’s crust and is extracted for burning as fuel or for processing into chemical products. Although it is often called "black gold," crude oil has ranging viscosity and can vary in color to various shades of black and yellow depending on its hydrocarbon composition. At the beginning, the molybdenum nano particles (with the average size of 75-89 nano meter) are synthesized and then is added to crude oil. The some physical properties of light and heavy oil is evaluated, finally. The changes in viscosity, recovery %, asphaltene precipitation are surveyed in various temperature and pressure. Results are shown in Figures and the optimum values of properties are introduced.
Keywords
Crude Oil, Temperature, Black Gold, Fuel, Composition
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