International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science
Articles Information
International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science, Vol.1, No.3, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 27, 2015
Antimicrobial Activities of Some Leaves and Fruit Peels Hydrosols
Pages: 158-162 Views: 2688 Downloads: 1395
Authors
[01] Akwasi Acheampong, Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[02] Lawrence S. Borquaye, Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[03] Samuel Osafo Acquaah, Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[04] Jonathan Osei-Owusu, Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[05] Gideon K. Tuani, Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
Abstract
The antimicrobial activity of hydrosols of the leaves and fruit peels of some plants have been assessed. The purpose of this study was to determine the antimicrobial potency of the hydrosols of leaves of Cymbopogon nardus, Chromolaena odorata, Ocimum gratissimum, Cymbopogon citratus, and fruit peels of Citrus sinensis and Citrus aurantifolia against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, Bacillus subtilis and Enterococcus faecalis. The hydrosols were obtained by hydrodistillation of the leaves and peels. The agar well-diffusion method was employed for the determination of antimicrobial activity. The results showed that the hydrosol from fresh fruit peels of Citrus aurantifolia exhibited antimicrobial activity against all the tested organisms. However, Hydrosols from dried Cymbopogon nardus leaves, fresh and dried Citrus sinensis fruit peels, dried Chromolaena odorata leaves, and fresh Cymbopogon citratus leaves exhibited no antimicrobial activity. The nature of the leaf and peel, fresh or dried, had impact on the antimicrobial activity. The results suggests that some of the hydrosols of the plants studied could be exploited for their antimicrobial activity against bacteria and fungi.
Keywords
Hydrosols, Essential Oils, Antimicrobial
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