International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science
Articles Information
International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science, Vol.1, No.4, Dec. 2015, Pub. Date: Sep. 13, 2015
Nutritional and Mineral Composition of the Fruits of Solanum torvum from Ghana
Pages: 222-226 Views: 3224 Downloads: 2426
Authors
[01] Osei Akoto, Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[02] Lawrence Sheringham Borquaye, Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[03] Ama Samba Howard, Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[04] Niib Konwuruk, Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
Abstract
The fruits of Solanum torvum are regularly used in many Ghanaian food preparations because of the belief that they are very nutritious. The main aim of this work was to assess the nutritional and mineral composition of the Solanum torvum fruits. Proximate analyses of dried powdered fruits were therefore performed. The results indicated that the fruits possess high moisture content (86.230%). The values for the other parameters checked were carbohydrates 7.033%, proteins 2.322%, fats 0.278%, ash 0.143% and crude fiber 3.993%. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) analysis of essential minerals was performed to ascertain the concentrations of iron, manganese, calcium, copper and zinc in the fruit. The results were iron (76.869mg/kg), manganese (19.466mg/kg), calcium (221.583mg/kg), copper (2.642mg/kg) and zinc (21.460mg/kg). Vitamins A and C contents were also analyzed and found to be 0.078mg/100g and 2.686mg/100g respectively. The high iron content of the fruits proves the fact that, the fruits truly have hematinic property.
Keywords
Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, Proximate Analysis, Vitamins, Iron Rich Fruits
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