International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science
Articles Information
International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science, Vol.1, No.4, Dec. 2015, Pub. Date: Dec. 30, 2015
Physicochemical and Microbial Analysis of Water from Selected Hand-Dug Wells in Ayeduase, Kumasi
Pages: 292-296 Views: 1324 Downloads: 730
Authors
[01] Joseph Apau, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[02] A. Acheampong, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[03] O. Akoto, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[04] E. Duah Boateng, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
Abstract
Groundwater is a major source of water for commercial and drinking purposes for majority of the populace of developing nations. This study was carried out to assess the physicochemical and bacteriological quality of water from twenty five different hand-dug wells from five locations within the Ayeduase community. The study was carried out during the month of February and April which represent the dry season and rainy season respectively. The physicochemical parameters analysed include: pH, turbidity, conductivity, temperature, apparent/true colour, suspended solids, total solids, total dissolved solids, total alkalinity, total hardness, calcium hardness, and magnesium hardness, chloride (Cl-) and nitrite (NO2-). Metals analysed are calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and iron (Fe). The bacteriological quality was analysed using total and faecal coliform while employing the pour plate count method. Most of the parameters determined were within the World Health Organisation guideline limits for portable water. However, the values determined for total coliform exceeded the World Health Organisation limit for drinking water.
Keywords
Physicochemical, Bacteriological, Hand-Dug Wells
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