International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science
Articles Information
International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science, Vol.4, No.4, Dec. 2018, Pub. Date: Dec. 6, 2018
Advances in Industrial Biofilm Control with Nanotechnology - A Review
Pages: 41-59 Views: 367 Downloads: 376
Authors
[01] Obi Clifford Nkemnaso, Department of Microbiology, College of Natural Sciences, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.
[02] Iheduru Kingsley Chibueze, Department of Microbiology, College of Natural Sciences, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.
Abstract
Biofilm is an assemblage of microbial cells that are irreversibly associated with a surface and enclosed in a matrix of primary polysaccharide material. It is not removed by gentle rinsing. In industrial systems, biofilms frequently grow on cooling water tubes and heat exchanger channels. They cause increased pressure drop and reduced heat transfer efficiency which ultimately lead to an increase in costs of production and maintenance, as well as to public health concerns and environmental impacts. Nanotechnology which involves the science of manipulating materials on an atomic, molecular and macromolecular scale has proven to be an advance in the control of industrial biofilms due to the resistance of industrial biofilms to biocides. This method has been successful due to the unique interaction of nanoparticles with biological systems making these biofilms susceptible to these nanoparticles therefore destroying them indefinitely. The increase in costs of operation in industries have brought about recent advancements in industrial biofilm control which has identified nanotechnological approaches as potential tools in eradicating industrial biofilms. The inability of nanoparticles to produce disinfectant by-products is an advantage of nanotechnological approaches over the use of biocides to tackle industrial biofilms. Further studies on nanotechnological methods of controlling biofilms are being developed and so far have proved very effective in the control of industrial biofilms.
Keywords
Biofilm, Control, Industry, Microorganisms, Nanotechnology
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