International Journal of Economics and Business Administration
Articles Information
International Journal of Economics and Business Administration, Vol.2, No.5, Sep. 2016, Pub. Date: Nov. 2, 2016
Socio-economic Impacts of Tourism Development and Their Implications on Local Communities
Pages: 59-67 Views: 2110 Downloads: 7317
[01] W. K. Athula Gnanapala, Dept. of Tourism Management, Faculty of Management Studies, Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, Sri Lanka.
[02] J. A. R. C. Sandaruwani, Dept. of Tourism Management, Faculty of Management Studies, Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, Sri Lanka.
Tourism has significant potentials for generating positive social, cultural and economic benefits depending on how tourism activities are managed and developed. However, tourism also has the potential to generate more negative outcomes. Therefore, the objectives of this study are first; to examine the impacts of tourism development on local communities, second; to recognize the attitudes and perception of local communities towards tourism development in their neighbourhoods. The study is based on the data gathered from 108 families in three villages to analysis the attitudes and perceptions of local communities towards tourism development. Additionally, six unstructured interviews were conducted with government officers of these villages to get the precise understanding of the tourism development in local communities and its impacts. The study reveals inadequate government planning, policies and regulations, insufficient knowledge and skills of tour operators, and the broader social issues of poverty and its concomitant implications have become the impediments. Despite numerous economic advantages for the government, private businesses and other external organizations, the local villagers do not sufficiently benefit financially from tourism development. The study area is located in the heart of the cultural triangle; villagers and tourists in this region generally demonstrate high levels of sensitivity to indigenous cultures, thus minimizing the negative socio-cultural impacts.
Community Participation, Socio-economic Impacts, Sustainability, Tourism Development
[01] Archer, B., Cooper, C., & Ruhanen, L. (2005). The Positive and Negative Impacts of Tourism. In: Theobald, W. F. (Ed) Global Tourism. 3rd ed. Burlington: Elsevier Limited, 79-102.
[02] Binns, T., & Nel, E. (1999). Beyond the Development Impasse: The Role of Local Economic Development and Community Self-Reliance in Rural South Africa. J. Modern Afr. Stud., 37(3), 389-408.
[03] Buultjens, J., Brereton, D., Memmott, P., Reser, J., Thomson, L., & O'rourke, T. (2010). The mining sector and indigenous tourism development in Weipa, Queensland. Tourism management, 31(5), 597-606.
[04] Buultjens, J., Ratnayake, I., Gnanapala, A., and Aslam, M. (2005). Tourism and its Implications for Management in Ruhuna National Park (Yala), Sri Lanka. Tourism Management, 26 (5), 733-742.
[05] Cohen, E. (1979). Rethinking the sociology of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 6(1), 18-35.
[06] De Kadt, E. (Ed.). (1979). Tourism: passport to development? New York: Oxford University Press.
[07] Demaziere, C. and Wilson, P. A. (1996). Local Economic Development in Europe and the America. London: Mansell.
[08] Dogan, H. S. (1989). Socio-cultural impacts of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 16, 216-236.
[09] Douglas, N., Douglas, N., & Derrett, R. (2001). Special Interest Tourism. Australia: John Wiley & Sons.
[10] Fredline, L., Jago, L. & Deery, M. (2003). The Development of a Generic Scale to Measure the Social Impact of Events. Event Management, 8, 23-37.
[11] Gee, C. Y., Makens, J. C., & Choy, D. J. L. (1997). The Travel Industry. 3rd ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
[12] Geethika, N., &Gnanapala, A. (2015). Socio-Economic Impacts on Local Community through Tourism Development with Special Reference to Heritance Kandalama. Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, 2, 57-73.
[13] Haralambopoulos, N. and Pizam A. (1996). Perceived impacts of tourism: the case of Samos. Annals of Tourism Research, 23, 503–526.
[14] Karunathilaka, T. P. & Gnanapala, W. K. A. C. (2016). Community Perception on Tourism Development and its Impacts: A Study on Passikudha, Sri Lanka. Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, 3, 64-78.
[15] Kreag, G. (2001). The Impacts of Tourism. Available at pdf.Retrieved on 22 January 2014.
[16] Liu, J., & Var, T. (1986). Resident attitudes toward tourism impacts in Hawaii. Annals of Tourism Research, 13(2), 193-214.
[17] Milman, A., & Pizam, A. (1988). Social impacts of tourism on Central Florida, Annals of Tourism Research. 15(2), 191-204.
[18] Moffatt, M. (2008). What is economics? [WEB:] http://economics.about.eom/cs/studentresources/f/what is economics.htm. Retrieved on 22 January 2015.
[19] Myburgh, E., & Saayman, M. (2002). Ecotourism in action: guidelines and principals. 2nd ed. Institute for Tourism and Leisure Studies, South Africa: Potchefstroom.
[20] Ogorelc, A. (2009). Residents' perceptions of tourism impacts and sustainable tourism development. International Journal of Sustainable Economy, 1, 373–387. 10.1504/IJSE.2009.024763.
[21] Page, S. J., Brunt, P., Busby, G., & Connell, J. (2002). Tourism: A Modern Synthesis., London: Thomson Publication.
[22] Phoummasak, K., Kongmanila, X., & Changchun, Z. (2014). The Social-Economic Impact of Tourism and Entrepreneurs in Luang Prabang Province, Lao PDR. International Journal of Business and Management, 9(12).
[23] Republic of South Africa. (1998). The White Paper on Local Government. Pretoria: Department of Constitutional Development.
[24] Rogerson, C. M. (1999). Local economic development and urban poverty alleviation: the experience of post-apartheid South Africa. Habitat Int., 23, 511-34.
[25] Rogerson, C. M. (2000). Local Economic Development in an Era of Globalisation: The case of South African cities. TijdschriftvoorEconomische Social Geogr. 91(4). 397-411.
[26] Sandaruwani, J. A. R. C. & Gnanapala, W. K. A. C. (2016). The Role of Tourist Guides and their Impacts on Sustainable Tourism Development: A Critique on Sri Lanka. Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, 3, 62-73.
[27] Sims, W. J., & D'Mello, L. (2005). Event Denizens and the Sports Tourist: Pre-event perceptions of the social impacts of a major event. (In Allen, J. Ed. The Impacts of Events: Proceedings of international event research conference. Sydney, Australia.
[28] Stohr, W. B. (1990). Global Challenge and Local Response. United Nations Library, London.
[29] Tomoko, T., & Samuel, M. (2009). Economic and Social Impact of Tourism on a Small Town: Peterborough New Hampshire. Journal of Scientific Research and Management, 2, 61–70.
[30] UNWTO. (2014). Annual Report of World Tourism Organization. Retrieved on March 30, 2014 from report_ 2014.pdf.
[31] Vilayphone, S. (2009). Current State and Development of Tourism in LuangPrabang. Scientific Journal of National University of Laos, 4, 167–180.
[32] World Travel & Tourism Council. (2014). Travel & Tourism: Economic Impact 2014. 20reports/world2014.pdf.
[33] Zaaijer, M., & Sara, L. M. (1993). Local Economic Development as an Instrument For Urban Poverty Alleviation: A Case From Lima, Peru. Third World Plan.15, 127-142.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.