International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Articles Information
International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol.1, No.3, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 23, 2015
Analysis of Slum Situation in Three Selected Cities of Osun State, Nigeria
Pages: 121-130 Views: 3292 Downloads: 2503
[01] Oyeniyi S. O., Department of Urban & Regional Planning, Osun State College of Technology, Esa-Oke, Osun State, Nigeria.
[02] Owoeye J. O., Department of Urban & Regional Planning, School of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
[03] Ibimilua A. F., Department of Geography & Planning Science, Faculty of The Social Sciences, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
Slums are not the same; they differ in outlook, size, characteristics, and more importantly, level of deprivation. Improved water sanitation, sufficient living space, durable housing and secured tenure or combinations thereof are used to identify measured slums. This paper focuses on investigating slum situation in Osun State, with a focus on three selected cities – Osogbo, Ilesa and Ile-Ife. These are ancient cities in the State. A total of 300 questionnaires were distributed to slum residents and city planners in the three cities, out of which 266 were retrieved in usable form for the purpose of statistical analysis for the study. Both descriptive and inferential statistical tools were used in data analysis. Findings reveal the precarious situation of shelter, drinking water, sanitation, living space and infrastructural facilities in the cities investigated. Using empirical and physical evidences via questionnaire interview, observation and photo-snaps; the study revealed that slum areas in the cities are highly degraded. Hence, the need for improved housing, portable water, tenure security, better infrastructures, urban services and provision of income generating activities for slum residents and effective environmental management become highly imperative to ameliorate the appalling conditions of the slum dwellers in the cities.
Slum, Sanitation, Portable Water, Urban Service, Environmental Management, Osun State
[01] Dung-Gwom. J.Y. and Oladosu, R.O. (2004): Characteristics and physical panning implications of slums in Jos; Journal of Environmental Sciences; 8(2): 118-127.
[02] Dung-Gwon, J.Y. (2001): Slums and Ethno-religions crisis in Nigeria. The Guardian; 19/11/2001, p. 83
[03] Izeogu, C. V. (1989): Urban Development and the Environment in Port Harcourt. Environment and Urbanization; 1(1): 59-68.
[04] Izeogu, C. V. (1999): Urban Development and the Environment; University of Port-Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
[05] Maboogunje, A. L (1996): Cities and African Development, University Press, Ibadan, Nigeria.
[06] Mark, D. (1972): Planet of Slum. August 19,2006/shopping society/Survey of Urban Poverty. (Retrieved on September 4th, 2012: 10 am)
[07] Mark, D. (2004): The planet of slums, Oxford University Press, London, UK.
[08] National Population Commission (NPC, 2006): Census Report, Abuja Nigeria
[09] Mtungila, J. (2006): Portable Water and Improved Sanitation in Slums. A Presentation made in commemoration of 2006 World Habitat Day at Kachere Township in Blantyre City - Theme: Cities, Magnets of Hope
[10] NISER, (1982): The Challenge of Nigeria Indigenization. Sanda Akinade & Sons Publication, Ibadan: p132
[11] Obayomi, O.A (2012): Towards Achieving a Sustainable Urban Environment in Lokoja Metropolis, Kogi State Nigeria. Unpublished B.Tech Project submitted to the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure.
[12] Okoye, O.T (2009): The Residential Slum in Enugu - Illustration of an aspect of our urban problems. Geographical Association of Nigeria, Zaria
[13] Ola, A. (2011): Basic Issues on Environmental Planning and Pollution in Lagos and their Implication on urban housing. Tropical Journal of Built Environment; (1)90: 90-95
[14] Owoeye, J.O and Omole F.K (2012): Built Environment Decay and Health Situation of slum Dwellers in Residential Core Area of Akure, Nigeria. American Journal of Human Ecology, 1(2): 33-39;
[15] Owoeye, J.O. (2013): A Study on Environmental Habitability of Core Residential Neighbourhood in Akure, Nigeria. American Journal of Research Communication; 1(2): 140-153;
[16] Owoeye, J.O. and Emmanuel, A.A. (2014): Impact of Socio-cultural Characteristics of Slum Residents on Urban Renewal Policies in Ondo State, Nigeria. In S. Ogunlana et al (Eds.): Proceedings of 2014 International Council for Research in Building and Construction (CIB) Conference - Theme: “Construction in Developing Countries and its Contribution to Sustainable Development. Held at Orchid Hotels and Events Centre, Lekki-Lagos, Nigeria from 28th – 30th January, 2014: 724-733.
[17] Salawu, A.T. (1990): ‘Urbanization, Housing and Social services in Nigeria: The Challenge of Meeting Basic Needs’. Potter, R.B and Salau A.T. (Edited): Cities and Development in the Third World; Mansell Publishing Limited, England, UK
[18] UN-Habitat (2012): Global Report on Human Settlement; London, UK.
[19] World Bank (1992): Housing Enabling Market to Work; World Bank Housing Sector Policy Paper; Washington DC
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.