International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Articles Information
International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol.1, No.3, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 23, 2015
Analysis of Slum Situation in Three Selected Cities of Osun State, Nigeria
Pages: 121-130 Views: 3292 Downloads: 2503
Authors
[01] Oyeniyi S. O., Department of Urban & Regional Planning, Osun State College of Technology, Esa-Oke, Osun State, Nigeria.
[02] Owoeye J. O., Department of Urban & Regional Planning, School of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
[03] Ibimilua A. F., Department of Geography & Planning Science, Faculty of The Social Sciences, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
Abstract
Slums are not the same; they differ in outlook, size, characteristics, and more importantly, level of deprivation. Improved water sanitation, sufficient living space, durable housing and secured tenure or combinations thereof are used to identify measured slums. This paper focuses on investigating slum situation in Osun State, with a focus on three selected cities – Osogbo, Ilesa and Ile-Ife. These are ancient cities in the State. A total of 300 questionnaires were distributed to slum residents and city planners in the three cities, out of which 266 were retrieved in usable form for the purpose of statistical analysis for the study. Both descriptive and inferential statistical tools were used in data analysis. Findings reveal the precarious situation of shelter, drinking water, sanitation, living space and infrastructural facilities in the cities investigated. Using empirical and physical evidences via questionnaire interview, observation and photo-snaps; the study revealed that slum areas in the cities are highly degraded. Hence, the need for improved housing, portable water, tenure security, better infrastructures, urban services and provision of income generating activities for slum residents and effective environmental management become highly imperative to ameliorate the appalling conditions of the slum dwellers in the cities.
Keywords
Slum, Sanitation, Portable Water, Urban Service, Environmental Management, Osun State
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