International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Articles Information
International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol.3, No.1, Feb. 2017, Pub. Date: Jun. 14, 2017
Management of Gum Arabic Production Potentialities in the Gum Belt in Kordofan, Sudan
Pages: 1-9 Views: 1280 Downloads: 1438
Authors
[01] Hassan E. Adam, Faculty of Natural Resources & Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[02] Muneer E. S. Eltahir, Institute of Gum arabic Research & Desertification Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[03] Mohamed E. Elhaja, Institute of Gum arabic Research & Desertification Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[04] Abdelateif H. Ibrahim, Faculty of Natural Resources & Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan; Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
[05] Osman E. A. Abdelkareem, Institute of Gum arabic Research & Desertification Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[06] Zeinab M. Hammad, Institute of Gum arabic Research & Desertification Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[07] Awad Elkarim S. O. Khalifa, Institute of Gum arabic Research & Desertification Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[08] Tarig E. Mahmoud, Faculty of Natural Resources & Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[09] Mohamed E. O. Elsayed, Faculty of Natural Resources & Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[10] Hatim M. A. Elamin, Institute of Gum arabic Research & Desertification Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[11] Mohamed E. Taha, Faculty of Natural Resources & Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[12] Gerald Kapp, Institute of International Forestry and Forest Products, Technische Universität, Dresden, Germany.
Abstract
The objectives of this paper are to identify the potential production areas, investigate current gum Arabic production systems, analyze land use/land cover change and distribution of Acacia senegal (Hashab) trees and addressing the constraints pertinent to gum Arabic production in Kordofan. The study used a composite of research methodologies and tools including primary and secondary data gathering, remote sensing and terrestrial data sets, and social valuation. The findings revealed a promising resource base with regard to gum Arabic production potentialities. In view of that, remotely sensed data expressed five classes of land use/land cover, in which forests dominated by Hashab tree class with a considerable share (21%) and increasing trend during the last two decades. The results of social survey indicated that Acacia senegal base agroforestry is a dominant (76%) land use system in Kordofan. The overall assessment revealed that the gum arabic sub-sector in Kordofan has remained underdeveloped in comparison to its huge potentialities due to some serious constraints, in terms of environmental, socio-economical and institutional ones. Finally, the paper concluded a set of guidelines and tools to fill up the technical and institutional gaps for improving gum Arabic production potentialities.
Keywords
Agroforestry, Acacia senegal, Remote Sensing, Land Use, Land Cover, Gum Arabic, North Kordofan
References
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