International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Articles Information
International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol.6, No.4, Dec. 2020, Pub. Date: Nov. 6, 2020
Translations of Rudolf Steiner’s Agriculture Course (Koberwitz, 1924): The Seminal Text of Biodynamic Farming and Organic Agriculture
Pages: 94-97 Views: 170 Downloads: 58
[01] John Paull, Environment, Resources & Sustainability, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.
The Agriculture Course of Dr Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) is the seminal text of biodynamic farming and the organic agriculture movement. It has appeared in 16 languages. The Austrian New Age philosopher, Dr Rudolf Steiner, presented his Agriculture Course in the village of Koberwitz, Germany (now Kobierzyce, Poland) in the summer of 1924. The course of eight lectures laid the foundations for the emergence, over the following two decades, of biodynamic farming and organic agriculture. There were 111 attendees at the course at Koberwitz, many were farmers, all were Anthroposophists. The Agriculture Course was presented in German. It was one of the final lecture series that Rudolf Steiner conducted in his lifetime. It was a course of what Rudolf Steiner called “hints”, to be put to the test, not prescriptions nor dogmas. The Agriculture Course appeared in print in German in 1926. It was initially available only to members of the Experimental Circle of Anthroposophic Farmers and Gardeners (until some time after WW2). Members of the Experimental Circle agreed to test Rudolf Steiner’s ideas and to report the results back to Anthroposophy headquarters at Dornach (on the outskirts of Basel), Switzerland, with the view to the publication of the results. The first translation of the Agriculture Course appeared in English in 1929. That translation was by George Kaufmann (later known as George Adams) who brought to the task his years of masterfully and extemporaneously rendering into English Rudolf Steiner’s lectures in German for audiences. There have been at least two other translations into English (in 1938 and 1993). The Agriculture Course has been translated into a further 14 (at least) other languages: French (1943); Swedish (1966); Italian (1973); Danish (1976); Dutch (1977); Spanish (1988); Hebrew (1989); Norwegian (1992); Romanian (1997); Russian (1997); Serbian (2004); Portuguese (2005); Polish (2007); and Esperanto (2009). As organic agriculture continues to increasingly attract consumers, advocates, practitioners, and scholars, interest endures in the seminal text of biodynamics and the organics movement.
Anthroposophy, Dornach, Experimental Circle, Ehrenfried Pfeiffer, Kobierzyce
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[19] Steiner, R., En lantbrukskurs: Åtta föredrag hållna i Koberwitz vid Breslau, 1924. 1924, (This edition: 1966). Stockholm, Sweden: Kosmos.
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[22] Steiner, R., Geesteswetenschappelijke grondslagen voor een vruchtbare ontwikkeling van de landbouw: acht voordrachten gehouden in Koberwitz bij Breslau, Pinksteren 1924. 1924, (This edition: 1977; trans: H. E. Casparét). The Hague, Netherlands: Nederlandse Vereniging tot bevordering der biologisch-dynamische landbouwmethode.
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[24] Steiner, R., חקלאות ביו-דינאמית : שמונה הרצאות שניתנו בקוברוויץ, שלזיה בתאריכים 7-16 יוני 1924. 1924, [Ḥaḳlaʼut biyo-dinami] (This edition: 1989, trans: Tomer Rosen-Grace). Israel: הוצאת המרכז ללימודים אנתרופוסופיים. [Title trans: Biodynamic Agriculture: Eight Lectures Delivered in Koberwitz, Silesia, June 7-16, 1924. Publisher trans.: Centre for Anthroposophic Studies].
[25] Steiner, R., Landbrukskurset: Åtte foredrag om idegrunnlaget for biologisk-dynamisk landbruk: Holdt i Koberwitz ved Breslau fra 7. til 16. juni 1924. 1924, (This edition: 1992). Oslo, Norway: Antropos.
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[27] Steiner, R., Духовнонаучные основы успешного развития сельского хозяйства: Cельскохозяйственный Курс, Кобервитц, Бреслау, 1924. 1924, (This edition: 1997, trans. М. Н. Жемчужниковой и др.). Kaluga, Russia: Духовное познание [Spiritual Knowledge]. [Title trans.: Spiritual Foundations of Successful Agricultural Development: An Agricultural Course, Koberwitz, Breslau, 1924].
[28] Steiner, R., Poljoprivredni kurs Koberwitz, 1924. 1924, (This edition: 2004; trans: Anica Milović). Zrenjanin, Serbia: S. Nikolić.
[29] Steiner, R., Fundamentos da agricultura biodinâmica: vida nova para a terra. 1924, (This edition: 2005; trans: Gerard Bannwart). São Paulo, Brazil: Antroposófica.
[30] Steiner, R., Kurs Rolniczy: Podstawy całościowego myślenia w rolnictwie ekologicznym. 1924, Zielone Świątki: (This edn: 2007; trans: Dieter Johannes Durich). Bielsko-Biała, Poland.
[31] Steiner, R., Kurso agrikultura: 8 prelegoj, Koberwitz ĉe Breslaŭ (Vroclavo), 7. ĝis 16. de junio 1924. 1924, Eldonita de la tradukinto: (This edition: 2009, trans: Willy Nüesch). Berno, Czech Republic.
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[34] Pfeiffer, E. E., New Directions in Agriculture, in Rudolf Steiner: Recollections by Some of his Pupils, A. Freeman and C. Waterman, Editors. 1958, The Golden Blade: London. p. 118-129.
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