International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Articles Information
International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol.7, No.3, Sep. 2021, Pub. Date: Jul. 28, 2021
Environmental Impacts of Improper Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Bani Walid City, Libya
Pages: 108-111 Views: 110 Downloads: 28
Authors
[01] Salahaldein Alsadey, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bani Waleed University, Bani Walid City, Libya.
[02] Omran Mansour, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Sciences, Bani Waleed University, Bani Walid City, Libya.
Abstract
In Libya, refuse dumpsites can be found both inside and outside cities, and open burning of these dumps is a frequent practice, mostly to reduce waste and odour. Open garbage incineration releases harmful fumes into the atmosphere. Solid waste damps have a major negative impact on the environment in poor countries. Improper solid waste disposal has a negative environmental impact that may be seen almost everywhere in the developing countries. The solid waste management situation in Libya is deteriorating day by day due to a lack of effective planning and finance. Today there is growing focus on management of municipal solid waste. This research concentrates on municipal solid waste that is mainly composed of paper, plastic and food waste. Nonetheless, some environmental and human health issues are attributed to improper management of municipal solid waste. As such, there is a dire need to look into present practices as well as future opportunities in terms of solid waste collection, management and disposal. With regards to the present situation, this investigation suggested a reversal approach for management of municipal solid waste. This research regarded municipal solid waste collected in Bani Walid to have immense potential for generating wealth. As such, for future investigations, this study suggests incineration and anaerobic treatment for municipal solid waste, considering the hostile environment.
Keywords
Solid Waste Management, Bani Walid City, Environmental Impacts, Land Pollution
References
[01] Environmental Protection Agency. (2003). Municipal Solid Waste. Retrieved on May 14, 2015, from https://archive.epa.gov/epawaste/nonhaz/municipal/web/html/
[02] Environmental Protection Agency. (2010). Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010. Retrieved on May 15, 2015, from https://archive.epa.gov/epawaste/nonhaz/municipal/web/pdf/msw_2010_factsheet.pdf
[03] Elamrouni, A. O., Abdelnaser, O., Pakir, A. K., and Aziz, H. A. 2010. Municipal solid waste management in Benghazi (Libya): Current practices and challenges. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 9, in press.
[04] Magrinho, A., Didelet, F., and Semiao, V. 2006. Municipal solid waste disposal in Portugal. Waste Management, 26 (12), 1477-1489.
[05] Şchiopu, A., Apostol, I., Hodoreanu, M., and Gavrilescu, M. 2007. Solid waste in Romania: management, treatment and pollution prevention practices. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 6 (5), 451-465.
[06] Damghani, A. M., Savarypor, G., Zand, E., and Deihimfard, R. 2008. Municipal solid waste management in Tehran: Current practices, opportunities and challenges. Waste Management, 28 (5), 929-934.
[07] Diaz, L. F. 2006. Landfilling of municipal solid waste and the end of the aftercare period. Waste Management, 26 (12), 1325-1326.
[08] Daskalopoulos, E., Badr, O., and Probert, S. D., 1998. An integrated approach to municipal solid waste management. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 24 (1), 33-50.
[09] Kaseva, M. E., and Mbuligwe, S. E. 2005. Appraisal of solid waste collection following private sector involvement in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Habitat International, 29 (2), 353-366.
[10] Abdelnaser, O., and Gavrilescu, M. 2008. Perspective on municipal solid wastes in Vietnam. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 7 (4), 59-67.
[11] Agarwal, A., Singhmar, A., Kulshrestha, M., and Mittal, A. K. 2005. Municipal solid waste recycling and associated markets in Delhi, India. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 44 (1), 73-90.
[12] Abdelnaser, O., El-Amrouni, A. O., Latifa, K. S., Pakir, A. K., Ramli, M., and Aziz, H. A. 2009. Solid waste management practices in Penang state: a review of current practices and the way forward. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 8 (1), 97-106.
[13] Sundqvist, J. O. 1999. Life cycle assessments and solid waste - Guidelines for solid waste treatment and disposal in LCA, IVL, Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Stockholm.
[14] Hu, D., Wang, R. S., Yan, J. S., Xu, C., and Wang, Y. 1998. A pilot ecological engineering project for municipal solid waste reduction, disinfection, regeneration and industrialization in Guanghan city, China. Ecological Engineering, 11 (1-4), 129-138.
[15] Sharholy, M., Ahmad, K., Mahmood, G., and Trivedi, R. C. 2008. Municipal solid waste management in Indian cities - A review. Waste Management, 28 (2), 459-467.
[16] Talyan, V., Dahiya, R. P., and Sreekrishnan, T. R. 2008. State of municipal solid waste management in Delhi, the capital of India. Waste Management, 28 (7), 1276-1287.
[17] Chattopadhyay, S., Dutta, A., and Ray, S. 2009. Municipal solid waste in Kolkata, India - A review. Waste Management, 29 (4), 1449-1458.
[18] Garg, A., Smith, R., Hill, D., Longhurst, P. J., Pollard, S. J. T., and Simms, N. J. 2009. An integrated appraisal of energy recovery options in the United Kingdom using solid recovered fuel derived from municipal solid waste. Waste Management, 29 (8), 2289-2297.
[19] Kinnaman, T. C. 2009. The economics of municipal solid waste management. Waste Management, 29 (10), 2615-2617.
[20] Van Beukering, P. J. H., Bartelings, H., Linderhof, V. G. M., and Oosterhuis, F. H. 2009. Effectiveness of unit-based pricing waste in the Netherlands: Applying a general equilibrium model. Waste Management, 29 (11), 2892-2901.
[21] Shekdar, A. V. 2009. Sustainable solid waste management: An integrated approach for Asian countries. Waste Management, 29 (4), 1438-1448.
[22] Tchobanoglous, G., Theisen, H., and Vigil, S. A. 1993. Integrated solid waste management, engineering principles and management issues. McGraw-Hill, Inc., Singapore.
[23] Ekvall, T., and Finnveden, G. 2000. The application of life cycle assessment to integrated solid waste management to integrated solid waste management: Part 2 - Perspectives on Energy and Material Recovery from Paper. Process safety and Environmental Protection, 78 (4), 288-294.
[24] Clift, R., Doig, F. A., and Finnveden, G. 2000. The application of Life Cycle Assessment to Integrated Solid Waste Management: Part 1 - Methodology. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 78 (4), 279-287.
[25] Arena, U., Mastellone, M. L., and Perugini, F. 2003. The environmental performance of alternative solid waste management options: a life cycle assessment study. Chemical Engineering Journal, 96 (1-3), 207-222.
[26] Mendes, M. R., Aramaki, T., and Hanaki, K. 2004. Comparison of the environmental impact of incineration and landfilling in Sao Paulo City as determined by LCA. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 41 (1), 47-63.
[27] Branar, M., Cokaygil, Z., and Ozkan, A. 2009. Life cycle assessment of solid waste management options for Eskisehir, Turkey. Waste Management, 29 (1), 54-62.
[28] Iriarte, A., Gabarell, X., and Rieradevall, J. 2009. LCA of selective waste collection systems in dense urban areas. Waste Management, 29 (2), 903-914.
[29] Abdelnaser, O., Alsadey, S. M. K., & Gavrilescu, M. (2011). Municipal solid wastemanagement in Bani Walid city, Libya: Practices and challenges. Journal ofEnvironmental Management and Tourism, 2 (4), 228–237.
[30] R. E. Daffi, A. N. Chaimang and M. I. Alfa, 2020. Environmental Impact of Open Burning of Municipal Solid Wastes Dumps in Parts of Jos Metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Engineering Research and Reports. 12 (3): 30-43, 2020; Article no. JERR.55771 ISSN: 2582-2926.
[31] Mar Carlos-Alberola, Antonio Gallardo Izquierdo, Francisco J. Colomer-Mendoza and Esther Barreda-Albert. 2021. Design of a Municipal Solid Waste Collection System in Situations with a Lack of Resources: Nikki (Benin), a Case in Africa. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1785. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041785.
[32] Hazra, T., and Goel, S. 2009. Solid waste management in Kolkata, India: Practices and challenges. Waste Management, 29 (1), 470-478.
[33] Paola A. Ramírez-Rodríguez, John J. Sandoval-Cobo, Ramón F. Colmenares-Quintero, Diana M. Caicedo-Concha. 2018. Life Cycle Assessment of msw Landfill Management Strategies in Colombia: Case Study. I International Congress on Biorefineries and Renewable Energies Supported by ICT: Business opportunities based on technologies and innovation. doi: https://doi.org/10.16925/greylit.2048.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.