International Journal of Energy and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
International Journal of Energy and Sustainable Development, Vol.3, No.1, Mar. 2018, Pub. Date: Apr. 9, 2018
Experimental Investigation of Thermal Properties of Nano Crude Oil; Light and Heavy Types of Crude Oil
Pages: 1-7 Views: 541 Downloads: 177
Authors
[01] Shayan Mohamad Sajedi, Department of Chemical Engineering, Omidieh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Omidieh, Iran.
[02] Farshad Farahbod, Department of Chemical Engineering, Firoozabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozabad, Iran.
Abstract
The operating conditions chosen in petroleum industries depend on the characteristics of oil which is processed. Knowing about the behavior of oil fluid flow at different amounts of pressure and temperature is essential to manufacture the proper equipment and handling the processes. This is more important especially about the new type of oil which contains nano particle. Results show, changes in nano vole percentage values from 1% to 5% increases the amount of density from 8 to 8.34 ppg for light oil and also 8.9 to 9.36 ppg for heavy nano oil, respectively. Average increase in the amount of density by addition of nano zinc oxide is about 9.6%.
Keywords
Crude Oil, Thermoelectric, Kinetic Property, Nano Particle, Dimensionless Number
References
[01] Storm D. A., McKeon R. J., McKinzie H. L., Redus C. L., Drag Reduction in Heavy Oil, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 1999; 121 (3): 145-148.
[02] Rached Ben-Mansour, Pervez Ahmed, Habib M. A., Simulation of Oxy-fuel combustion of heavy oil fuelin a model furnace, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2015, 137: 032206.
[03] Shadi WH, Mamdouh TG, Nabil E. Heavy crude oil viscosity reduction and rheology for pipeline transportation. Fuel 2010; 89: 1095-100.
[04] Martínez-Palou Rafael, de Lourdes Mosqueira María, Zapata-Rendón Beatriz, Mar-Juárez Elizabeth, Bernal-Huicochea César, la Cruz Clavel-López Juande, Aburto Jorge, Transportation of heavy and extra-heavy crude oil by pipeline: A review, J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 75 (3-4) (2011) 274-282.
[05] Elphingstone G. M., Greenhill K. L., Hsu J. J. C., Modeling of Multiphase Wax Deposition, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 1999; 121 (2), 81-85.
[06] Weissman J. G. Review of processes for downhole catalytic upgrading of heavy crude oil. Fuel Proc. Technol. 1997; 50: 199-213.
[07] Rana MS, Sلmano V, Ancheyta J, Diaz JAI. A review of recent advances on process technologies for upgrading of heavy oils and residua. Fuel 2007; 86: 1216-31.
[08] Naseri A, Nikazar M, Mousavi DSA. A correlation approach for prediction of crude oil viscosities. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 2005; 47: 163-74.
[09] Hossain MS, Sarica C, Zhang HQ. Assessment and development of heavy-oil viscosity correlations. In: SPE International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium, Kalgary, 1–3 November 2005. p. 1-9.
[10] Alomair O, Elsharkawy A, Alkandari H. Viscosity predictions of Kuwaiti heavy crudes at elevated temperatures. In: SPE Heavy Oil Conference and Exhibition, Kuwait, 12–14 December 2011. p. 1-18.
[11] Yigit Ahmet S., Christoforou Andreas P., Stick-Slip and Bit-Bounce Interaction in oil-well Drillstrings, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2006; 128 (4): 268-274.
[12] Barrufet MA, Setiadarma A. Reliable heavy oil-solvent viscosity mixing rules for viscosities up to 450 K, oil-solvent viscosity ratios up to 4 _ 105, and any solvent proportion. Fluid Phase Equilib. 2003; 213: 65-79.
[13] Luis F. Ayala, Doruk Alp, Evaluation of “Marching Algorithms” in the Analysis of Multiphase Flow in Natural Gas Pipelines, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2008; 130 (4), 043003.
[14] Yilin Wang John, Well Completion for Effective Deliquification of Natural Gas wells, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2011; 134 (1): 013102.
[15] Chuan Lu, Huiqing Liu, Qiang Zheng, Qingbang Meng, Experimental Study of Reasonable Drawdown Pressure of Horizontal Wells in Oil Reservoir With Bottom Water, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2014; 136 (3): 034502.
[16] Junlai Wu; Yuetian Liu; Haining Yang, New Method of Productivity Equation for Multibranch Horizontal Well in Three-Dimensional Anisotropic Oil Reservoirs, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2012; 134 (3): 032801-032801-5.
[17] Anuj Gupta, Performance Optimization of Abrasive Fluid Jet for Completion and Stimulation of Oil and Gas Wells, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2012; 134 (2): 021001.
[18] N. Bhuwakietkumjohn, S. Rittidech, Internal flow patterns on heat transfer characteristics of a closed-loop oscillating heat-pipe with check valves using ethanol and a silver nano-ethanol mixture, Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 34 (2010) 1000-1007.
[19] T. Cho, I. Baek, J. Lee, S. Park, Preparation of nano-fluids containing suspended silver particles for enhancing fluid thermal conductivity offluids, J. Industrial Eng. Chem. 11 (2005) 400-406.
[20] Pavel Ferkl, Richard Pokorný, Marek Bobák, Juraj Kosek, Heat transfer in one-dimensional micro- and nano-cellular foams, Chem. Eng. Sci. 97 (2013) 50-58.
[21] S. P. Jang, S. U. S. Choi, Role of Brownian motion in the enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids, Appl. Phys. Letter. 84 (2004) 4316-4318.
[22] A. E. Kabeel, El. Maaty T. Abou, Y. El. Samadony, The effect of using nano-particles on corrugated plate heat exchanger performance, Appl. Therm. Eng. 52 (2013) 221-229.
[23] S. Nadeem, Rashid MehFe2O3d, Noreen Sher Akbar, Non-orthogonal stagnation point flow of a nano non-Newtonian fluid towards a stretching surface with heat transfer International, J. Heat Mass Trans. 57 (2013) 679-689.
[24] Hamid Reza Taghiyari, Effects of Nano-Silver and Nano-Zycosil on Mechanical Strength of Heat, Vapor, and Dry-Ice-Treated Biscuit and Dovetail Medium-Density Fiberboard Miter Joints, Mat. Des. 51 (2013) 695-700.
[25] X. Wang, J. Xian, L. Hai, L. Xin, W. Fang, F. Zhou, L. Fang, Stability of TiO2 and Al2O3 nanofluids, Chin. Phys. Letter. 28 (2011) 086601.
[26] W. C. Wei, S. H. Tsai, S. Y. Yang, S. W. Kang, Effect of nano-fluid on heat pipe thermal performance, in: Proceedings of the 3rd IASME/ WSEAS International Conference on Heat Transfer, Therm. Eng. Environ. 2 (2005a) 115-117.
[27] W. C. Wei, S. H. Tsai, S. Y. Yang, S. W. Kang, Effect of nano-fluid concentration on heat pipe thermal performance, IASME Trans. 2 (2005b) 1432-1439.
[28] Ahn, C. K., Kim, Y. M., Woo, S. H., Park, J. M., 2008. Soil washing using various nonionic surfactants and their recovery by selective adsorption with activated carbon. J. Hazard. Mater. 154, 153-160.
[29] Barnea, E., Mizrahi, J., 1973. A generalized approach to the fluid dynamics of particulate systems: Part 1. General correlation for fluidization and sedimentation in solid multiparticle systems. Chem. Eng. J. 5, 171-189.
[30] Boyer, C., Duquenne, A.-M., Wild, G., 2002. Measuring techniques in gas–liquid and gas–liquid–solid reactors. Chem. Eng. Sci. 57, 3185-3215.
[31] Dong, X., Pham, T., Yu, A., Zulli, P., 2009. Flooding diagram for multi-phase flow in a moving bed. ISIJ Int. 49, 189-194.
[32] Elgin, J. C., Foust, H. C., 1950. Countercurrent flow of particles through moving fluid. Ind. Eng. Chem. 42, 1127-1141.
[33] Garside, J., Al-Dibouni, M. R., 1977. Velocity-voidage relationships for fluidization and sedimentation in solid–liquid systems. Ind. Eng. Chem. Proc. Des. Dev. 16, 206-214.
[34] Gong, Z., Alef, K., Wilke, B.-M., Li, P., 2005. Dissolution and removal of PAHs from a contaminated soil using sunflower oil. Chemosphere 58, 291-298.
[35] Gong, Z., Alef, K., Wilke, B. M., Li, P., 2007. Activated carbon adsorption of PAHs from vegetable oil used in soil remediation. J. Hazard. Mater. 143, 372-378.
[36] Lau, E. V., Gan, S., Ng, H. K., Poh, P. E., 2014. Extraction agents for the removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from soil in soil washing technologies. Environ. Pollut. 184, 640-649.
[37] Li, X., Du, Y., Wu, G., Li, Z., Li, H., Sui, H., 2012. Solvent extraction for heavy crude oil removal from contaminated soils. Chemosphere 88, 245-249.
[38] Lian, J., Du, Y., Zhang, K., Liu, P., Li, Z., Li, X., 2008. Study on organic solvent desorption of soils contaminated with heavy concentration petroleum hydrocarbons. Mod. Chem. Ind. 28 (8), 60-63.
[39] Viglianti, C., Hanna, K., De Brauer, C., Germain, P., 2006. Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from aged-contaminated soil using cyclodextrins: experimental study. Environ. Pollut. 140, 427-435.
[40] Wu, G., Li, X., Coulon, F., Li, H., Lian, J., Sui, H., 2011. Recycling of solvent used in a solvent extraction of petroleum hydrocarbons contaminated soil. J. Hazard. Mater. 186, 533-539.
[41] Wu, G., (PhD thesis) 2012. Insights into Sustainable Environmental Remediation Approaches and the Fate and Transport of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soils.
[42] Tianjin University, Tianjin. Wu, G., Coulon, F., Yang, Y., Li, H., Sui, H., 2013a. Combining solvent extraction and bioremediation for removal of weathered petroleum in soil. Pedosphere 23, 455-463.
[43] Wu, G., Kechavarzi, C., Li, X., Wu, S., Pollard, S. J., Sui, H., Coulon, F., 2013b. Machine learning models for predicting PAHs bioavailability in compost amended soils. Chem. Eng. J. 223, 747-754.
[44] Zhou, W., Zhu, L., 2007. Efficiency of surfactant-enhanced desorption for contaminated soils depending on the component characteristics of soil-surfactant-PAHs system. Environ. Pollut. 147, 66-73.
[45] M. H. Yazdi, S. Abdullah, I. Hashim, K. Sopian, Slip MHD liquid flow and heat transfer over non-linear permeable stretching surface with chemical reaction, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 54 (2011) 3214-3225.
[46] M. S. Abel, Heat transfer in a liquid film over an unsteady stretching surface with viscous dissipation in presence of external magnetic field, Appl. Math. 33 (8), (2009) 3430-3441.
[47] R. Ahmad, K. Naeem, W. A. Khan, Numerical study of boundary layers with reverse wedge flows over a semi-infinite flat plate, J. Appl. Mech. 77 (2009) 024504.
[48] R. Ahmad, W. A. Khan, Numerical study of heat and mass transfer mhd viscous flow over a moving wedge in the presence of viscous dissipation and heat source/sink with convective boundary condition, Heat Transf.—Asian Res. 43 (2014) 17-38.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.