International Journal of Energy and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
International Journal of Energy and Sustainable Development, Vol.3, No.4, Dec. 2018, Pub. Date: Dec. 25, 2018
Techno-Economic Analysis of Poultry Droppings Fuelled Biogas Generation in Southwestern Nigeria
Pages: 72-80 Views: 65 Downloads: 125
Authors
[01] Ayoola Phillip Olalekan, African Institute for Science Policy and Innovation, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
[02] Ogundari Ibikunle Olalekan, African Institute for Science Policy and Innovation, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
[03] Akarakiri Joshua Babatunde, African Institute for Science Policy and Innovation, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
[04] Akinbami John-Felix Kayode, Centre for Energy Research and Development, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Abstract
The poultry industry in Nigeria has gone through series of developmental stages in the last forty years. One of the major problems is the accumulation of large amount of wastes, especially manures and litters, generated by intensive production of poultry. Poultry industry is also facing energy related problems to remain in business and have their break-evens. This study evaluated the engineering economic viability of the process of biogas generation from these poultry droppings. The study was carried out using techno-economics analysis methodologies adapted from National Advanced Biofuels Consortium (NABC). A set of questionnaire was also administered on one hundred and eighty (180) poultry farmers in all the Southwestern States of Nigeria using snowball sampling technique. Data were analyzed using engineering economic techniques and descriptive statistics. The engineering economic analysis of the biogas production revealed that the Net Present Value (NPV) of poultry farms having bird capacities of 1,000; 2,000; 3,000; 4,000 and 5,000 were all positives $848; $4386; $7,857; $12,050 and $15,176 respectively, while only the NPV of 500 birds’ capacity poultry farm was negative -$411. Also, biogas generated from these poultry capacities 500 to 5,000 birds can amount to $1,502 to $7,562 and the accumulated slurry from these poultry capacities can generate $10 to $100. In conclusion, biogas production is technologically and economically viable for a poultry farm with above 1,000 birds.
Keywords
Biogas, Poultry Droppings, NPV, NABC, Techno-Economic Analysis
References
[01] Sharpley, A. N., Herron, S. and Daniel, T. (2007) Overcoming the Challenges of Phosphorus-Based Management Challenges in Poultry Farming. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 58: 30-38.
[02] Kelleher, B. P., Leahy, J. J., Henihan, A. M., O'Dwyer, T. F., Sutton, D. and Leahy, M. J. (2002) Advances in Poultry Litter Disposal Technology – A Review. Bioresource Technology, 83: 27-36.
[03] Moore, P. A., Daniel, T. C., Edwards, D. R. and Miller, D. M. (1996) Evaluation of Chemical Amendments to Reduce Ammonia Volatilization from Poultry Litters, Poult. Sci., 75: 315-320.
[04] Adene, D. F. (1997) Diseases of Poultry in Nigeria: An Overview of Problems and Solutions. Trop. Vet. 15: 103-110.
[05] Adeyemo, A. A. and Onikoyi, M. P. (2012) Prospects and Challenges of Large Scale Commercial Poultry Production in Nigeria. Agricultural Journal, 7: 388-393.
[06] Akanni, K. A. (2007) Effect of Micro-finance on Small Scale Poultry Business in Southwestern. Nigeria. Emir. J. Food Agric., 19 (2): 38-47.
[07] Sahel Newsletter (2015) An Assessment of the Nigeria Poultry Sector, Vol 11. Pg 1-3. www.sahelcp.com. Accessed on 15 August, 2015.
[08] Musa, W. I., Sa'idu, L., Kaltungo, B. Y., Abubakar, U. B., and Wakawa, A. M. (2012) Poultry Litter Selection, Management and Utilization in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Poultry Science, 6 (2): 44-55.
[09] Nmadu, J. N., Iwuajoku, R. C., and Jiya, E. Z. (2012) Commercialisation Level of Poultry Production in Minna Metropolis, Niger State, Nigeria. Asian J. Agr. Extens. Econ. Sociol, 1 (1), 1-15.
[10] Daniel E. (2013) Lagos Poultry Industry Generates N44.88b. The Nation. http://thenationonlineng.net/new/lagos-poultry-industry-generates-n44-88b/. Accessed on 3rd, November, 2013.
[11] Adene, D. F. (1989) An Appraisal of the Health Management Problems of Rural Poultry Stock in Nigeria: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Rural Poultry in Africa. November 13-16, 1989, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, pp: 989-999.
[12] Adewumi, A. A., Adewumi, I. K. and Olaleye, V. F. (2011) Livestock Waste Menace, Fish Wealth Solution. Afr. J. Env: Sci Tec. 5: 149-154.
[13] Meda, A., Hassouna, M., Aubert, C., Robin, P. and Dourmand, J. Y. (2011) Influence of Rearing Conditions and Manure Management Practices on Ammonia and Green House Gas Emissions from Poultry Houses. World’s Poult. Sci. J., 67: 441-445.
[14] Power, J. F. and Dick, W. A. (2000) Land Application of Agricultural, Industrial, and Municipal Byproducts, Soil Science Society of America Inc., Madison, WI. USA.
[15] Musa, W. I., Sa'idu, L., Kaltungo, B. Y., Abubakar, U. B., and Wakawa, A. M. (2012). Poultry Litter Selection, Management and Utilization in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Poultry Science, 6 (2): 44-55.
[16] Akanni, K. A. (2007) Effect of Micro-finance on Small Scale Poultry Business in Southwestern. Nigeria. Emir. J. Food Agric., 19 (2): 38-47.
[17] Nmadu, J. N., Iwuajoku, R. C., and Jiya, E. Z. (2012) Commercialisation Level of Poultry Production in Minna Metropolis, Niger State, Nigeria. Asian J. Agr. Extens. Econ. Sociol, 1 (1), 1-15.
[18] U. S. DOE (2010) National Algal Biofuels Technology Roadmap. U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Biomass Program. www.eere.energy.gov/biomass/pdfs/algal_biofuels_roadmap.pdf. Accessed on 8th January, 2014.
[19] Wallace, B. (2011) Techno-economic Analysis and Life Cycle Cost http://www.bioenergy.psu.edu/shortcourse/2011LifeCycle/TechnoEconomicAnalysisLCAWallace.pdf. Accessed on 8th January, 2014.
[20] Huang, Y., Anderson, M., Lyons, G. A., McRoberts, W. C., Yaodong Wang, McIlveen-Wright, D. R., Roskilly, A. P. and Hewitt, N. J. (2014) Techno-economic Analysis of BioChar Production and Energy Generation from Poultry Litter Waste, Energy Procedia, 61, 714 – 717.
[21] NKEA (2011) Biogas Capture and CDM Project Implementation for Palm Oil Mills. NKEA, National Biogas Implementation (EPP5), Malaysia, pp 1-28.
[22] Akinbami, J-F. K, Ilori, M. O, Oyebisi, T. O, Akinwuni, I. O. and Adeoti, O. (2001) Biogas Energy Use in Nigeria: Current Status, Future Prospects and Policy Implications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 5: 97-112.
[23] Khanal, S. K. (2008) Anaerobic Biotechnology for Bioenergy Production: Principles and Applications. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Ames, IA, USA.
[24] BTC (1989) Chengdu Biogas Research Institute, Chengdu, China. https://energypedia.info/index.php/Biogas_Technology_in_China. Accessed on 19th August, 2012.
[25] Zhou, Z. R., Wu W. L, Chen, Q, Chen, S. F. (2008) Study on Sustainable Development of Rural Household Energy in Northern China, Renewable Sustainable Energy Review, 12: 2227–2239.
[26] NABC (2011) Flow Diagrams of Techno-Economic Analysis Methodologies. National Advanced Biofuels Consortium, Texas, USA.
[27] CBN, (2017) Central Bank of Nigeria released June 2017.
[28] Mohammad, A. (2012) Energy Analysis and Carbon Credit Earned by Biogas System, International Journal of Research in Engineering and Applied Science, 2 (2): 999-1010.
[29] DeGarmo, E. P., Sullivan, W. G. and Bontadelli, J. A. (1990) Engineering Economy, Eight Editions: Maxwell Macmillan International Editions, Macmillian Publishing Company, 866, Third Avenue, NewYork, USA, 10022, 32p.
[30] Bock, B. R. (1999) Fertilizer Nutrient Value of Broiler Litter Ash. Economic and Technical Feasibility of Energy Production from Poultry Litter and Nutrient Filter Biomass. A Report prepared for the Lower Delmarva Peninsula. www.nrbp.org/pub20b.pdf.
[31] Total Petroleum (2015) Total Filling Station, Osun State, Nigeria.
[32] The New Indian Express (2014) Trucks Run on Biogas, Published: 14 th January, 2014, Bangalore, India.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.