International Journal of Energy and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
International Journal of Energy and Sustainable Development, Vol.3, No.4, Dec. 2018, Pub. Date: Jan. 19, 2019
Exploring the Importance of Culture and Children’s Engagement in Climate Change Adaptation
Pages: 97-104 Views: 817 Downloads: 213
[01] Tanjila Islam, Save the Children, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[02] Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Department of Environmental Science & Management, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[03] Sajadul Alam, Department of Environmental Science & Management, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[04] Md. Tariqul Islam, Department of Environmental Science & Management, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[05] Gias Uddin Ahsan, School of Health & Life Sciences, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[06] Nazmul Ahsan Khan, Department of Environmental Science & Management, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Climatic hazards have served to be a prominent and perpetual risk to societies and individuals throughout our time, and the subsequent vulnerability can galvanise adaptive resource management. The adaptive capacity reflects the ability of a community to act collectively to any vulnerability they face. With a special focus on Bangladesh, the first part of this paper explores the social dynamics of adaptive capacity and how society perceives and responds to climate change – essentially, how society’s response, and consequently their resilience, is mediated by culture. Societal perception largely involves direct personal experiences with climate change in time and space, and the how much cognitive presence the issue has in an individual’s mind over other concerns. When discussing societal or cultural perception in regard to adaptive capacity, it is also worth mentioning that adaptation is highly context-specific whereby socioeconomic factors, local knowledge and social networks are a significant influence in shaping perception and consequently adaptation measures, thus highlighting how the various facets of culture play a key role in the adaptation process. Moreover, sense of place and identity is a vital element of culture – in simple terms, the attachment one experiences around their settlement, and how place is a fundamental component in an individual’s or community’s identity and therefore their culture. The effect place has on adaptation, as well as the effect climate change has no sense of place, will be explored. In addition, the paper examines the cruciality of the role and engagement of children in adaptive measures, and how them being agents for change is fundamental in building resilient social-ecological systems that cope with change and crisis. Children, being the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, are rarely included in adaptation policies and plans. There is a significant lack of this inclusion in Bangladesh even though there are some scattered interventions to address it from government and non-government agencies. The final chapters of this paper will contend that including children’s perspective and integrating their specific needs in a child-centred approach to climate change adaptation can greatly reduce vulnerability and increase community resilience.
Climate Change, Adaptation, Culture, Adaptive Capacity, Children, Vulnerability
[01] Aalst, M., Cannon, T. and Burton, I. (2008) ‘Community Level Adaptation to Climate Change: The Potential Role of Participatory Community Risk Assessment’ Global Environmental Change 18.1. Elsevier.
[02] Adger, W. Neil (2003) ‘Social Capital, Collective Action, and Adaptation to Climate Change’ Economic Geography (79) 4:387-404.
[03] Adger, W. Neil; Barnett, Jon; Brown, Katrina; Marshall, Nadine and O’Brien, Karen (2012) ‘Cultural dimensions of climate change impacts and adaptation’ Nature Climate Change 3:112-117.
[04] Adger, W. Neil; Dessai, Suraje; Goulden, Marisa; Hulme, Mike; Lorenzoni, Irene; Nelson, Donald R.; Naess, Lars. O.; Wolf, Johanna and Wreford, Anita (2009) ‘Are there social limits to adaptation to climate change?’ Climate Change 93:335-354.
[05] Ayers, J. and Huq, S. (2009). Supporting adaptation to climate change: What role for official development assistance? Development Policy Review. Presented at DSA Annual Conference 2008 ‘Development’s Invisible Hands: Development Futures in a Changing Climate.’ 8th November 2008, Church House, Westminster, London.
[06] B. K. Balaa Fatimah M. Arshada, E. F. Aliasa, S. F. Sidiquea, K. M. Noha, M. K. Rowshonb, Q. M. M. Islamc, M. M. Islamc. (2014) ‘Sustainable exploitation of hilsa fish (Tenualosailisha) population in Bangladesh: Modeling and policy implications’ Ecological Modelling, Vol 283, 19-30.
[07] Berberyan, Alla (2012) The Role of Social Capital in Building Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change. 1st International Conference on Urban Sustainability and Resilience, UCL.
[08] Bicknell, J., D. Dodman, et al., Eds. (2009). Adapting Cities to Climate Change: understanding and addressing the development challenges. London, Earthscan.
[09] Brendan, R (2013) Climate change: our present, their future. Plan International.
[10] Mitchell, P (2016) ‘Children in a Changing Climate: how Child-Centred Approaches can build and Overcome Multiple Barriers to Adaptation’, in Godfrey, P and Torres, D (2016) Emergent Possibilities for Global Sustainability: Intersections of race, class and gender: 133-144.
[11] Mitchell, P. and Bourchard, C (2014) Mainstreaming Children’s Vulnerabilities and Capacities into Community-Based Adaptation to Enhance Impact. Climate and Development. 172-381. Taylor & Francis.
[12] 20-Smith, Anthony (1996) ‘Anthropological Research on Hazards and Disasters’ Annual Review Anthropology 25:303-28.
[13] Pelling, M (2011) Adaptation to Climate Change: From Resilience to Transformation. Routledge: London.
[14] Pelling, Mark and High, Chris (2005) ‘Understanding adaptation: What can social capital offer assessments of adaptive capacity?’ Global Environmental Change, Vol 15, 308-319.
[15] Rabbani, G, Rahman, A. A and Islam, N. (2011) ‘Climate Change Implications for Dhaka City: A Need for Immediate Measures to Reduce Vulnerability’ in Otto-Zimmerman, K (ed) Resilient Cities: Cities and Adaptation to Climate Change Proceedings of the Global Forum 2010, Local Sustainability 1, Springer Science+Business Media B. V.
[16] Save the Children (2007) Legacy of Disaster: The Impact of Climate Change on Children. London.
[17] Save the Children (2013) Unfolding future resilience: Children’s participation in climate change adaptation.
[18] Save the Children and Plan International, 2015. Child-centred climate resilience: Case studies from the Philippines and Vietnam.
[19] Sheridan, B (2008). Climate change and urban children: impacts and implications for adaptation in low- and middle-income countries. Environment and Urbanization (20) 2:501-519.
[20] Tanner, T (2010) ‘Shifting the Narrative: Child-led Responses to Climate Change and Disasters in El Salvador and the Philippines’ Children & Society (24) 4:339-355.
[21] Tanner, T., Garcia, M., Lazcano, J., Molina, F., Molina, G., Rodriguez, G., Tribunalo, B. and Seballos, F (2009) ‘Children's participation in community-based disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change’ Participatory Learning and Action 60: Community-based adaptation to climate. International Institute for Environment and Development.
[22] Unisef (2015) Children will bear the brunt of climate change: UNICEF, Press Release,
[23] Wolf, J. (2011) ‘Climate Change Adaptation as a Social Process’ in Ford, J. D and Berrang-Ford, L (eds.), Climate Change Adaptation in Developed Nations: From Theory to Practice, Advances in Global Change Research 42, Springer Science+Business Media B. V.
[24] Mauger, B.; Minujin, A.; Cocco-Klein, S. (2016). Climate Change, Children and Poverty: Engaging Children and Youth in Policy Debate And Action. Poverty Brief, no. 32, Norway.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.