International Journal of Life Science and Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Life Science and Engineering, Vol.3, No.1, Mar. 2018, Pub. Date: May 28, 2018
Bacteriological Analysis of Water Sources in Dutsinma Metropolis Katsina State
Pages: 18-24 Views: 367 Downloads: 147
Authors
[01] Mzungu Ignatius, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Dutsinma, Nigeria.
[02] Orpin James Bemshima, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Dutsinma, Nigeria.
[03] Bem Alexander Adi, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Dutsinma, Nigeria.
Abstract
To ascertain the quality of major sources of water for drinking and general uses in Dutsinma metropolis, physicochemical and bacteriological quality of water sources were examined. Samples were collected from four major water sources (Tap, Borehole, Well and Dutsinma Dam). Physicochemical parameters were accessed using the HannaTM Instruments. Bacteriological quality was analyzed using the Most Probable Number Technique. Results of total coliform count and faecal coliform counts for Dam and Well water were above the recommended standards for WHO for drinking water. However, Borehole 5 (62.5%) and Tap 9 (90%) water had total coliform counts within the WHO limits. The prevalence of two bacteria isolates; Escherichia coli 16 (57.14%) and Salmonella sp. 12 (42.28%) were observed among the samples. Analysis of the physicochemical parameters showed that most of the samples (56.57%) recorded a value of PH below WHO guidelines PH (6.5 – 8.5). This study reveals that Tap and Borehole water are suitable for general use while Well and Dam need extra treatment to prevent pathogenic disease outbreak.
Keywords
Bacteriological, Analysis, Water Sources, Dutsinma
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