International Journal of Life Science and Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Life Science and Engineering, Vol.1, No.2, May 2015, Pub. Date: May 28, 2015
Growth and Chemical Composition of Dill Affected by Nitrogen and Bio-Fertilizers
Pages: 75-84 Views: 3141 Downloads: 1294
Authors
[01] Hussein A. H. Said-Al Ahl, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
[02] Atef M. Z. Sarhan, Department of Ornamental Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
[03] Abou Dahab M. Abou Dahab, Department of Ornamental Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
[04] El-Shahat N. Abou-Zeid, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
[05] Mohamed S. Ali, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
[06] Nabila Y. Naguib, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
Abstract
A field experiment was carried out during two successive seasons to investigate the effect of nitrogen and bio-fertilization on growth, yield and chemical composition of Anethum graveolens L. plants. Plant height (cm), number of branches per plant, fresh and dry weights of herb g/plant and chlorophyll, carotenoids, flavonoids, carbohydrates and nitrogen contents of dill herb were studied. The effect of Nitrogen or bio-fertilizers was significantly increased plant height, number of branches, herb fresh and dry weights. The highest values of branches number, fresh and dry weights were recorded by using 60 kg N/feddan. In the same time, the combined treatment between bio-fertilizer and 80 kg N/feddan gave the largest values of plant height. Using nitrogen or bio-fertilizers increased chlorophyll a, b and total carotenoids compared unfertilized plant. The highest values of chlorophyll a, b; total carotenoids and total flavonoids were resulted by plants fertilized with 60 kg N/fed., with or without bio-fertilizer. The treatments of 40 kg N/fed., or 60 kg N/fed., combined with bio-fertilizer gave the highest total flavonoids content. Using bio-fertilizer or nitrogen fertilizer up to 60 kg N/fed., in fertilizing dill plants increased total carbohydrate content. The results of the used 60 kg N/fed., alone or 40 kg N/fed., combined with bio-fertilizer were the best affected. Using bio-fertilizer or nitrogen fertilizer increased the percentage values of N compared to control ones. Moreover, the combination treatments between 40 or 60 kg N/fed., with bio-fertilizer or 60 kg N/fed., alone more effective in increasing N content.
Keywords
Anethum graveolens L., Bio-Fertilizer, Growth Characters, Chlorophyll, Carotenoids, Chemical Composition, Nitrogen Fertilizer
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