International Journal of Life Science and Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Life Science and Engineering, Vol.1, No.2, May 2015, Pub. Date: May 28, 2015
Dill (Anethum graveolens L.) Growth and Yield Responses to Gamma Radiation and Bio-Fertilization
Pages: 68-74 Views: 2875 Downloads: 1477
Authors
[01] Hussein A. H. Said-Al Ahl, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
[02] Atef M. Z. Sarhan, Department of Ornamental Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
[03] Abou Dahab M. Abou Dahab, Department of Ornamental Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
[04] El-Shahat N. Abou-Zeid, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
[05] Mohamed S. Ali, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
[06] Nabila Y. Naguib, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
Abstract
A field experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of gamma radiation doses (0, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 and 64 k-rad) with or without bio-fertilizers (at 2 kg/fed.) on growth and yield of Anethum graveolens L. plants.Adding bio-fertilizer to dill plants significantly increased plant height, number of branches, root length, fresh and dry weights. The treatment of dill seeds pre-sowing to gamma radiation doses (up to 32 k-rad) led to significant increase in plant height, branches number, fresh and dry weights of root, but root length, fresh and dry weights of herb up to 16 k-rad. The highest values of plant height, root length, fresh and dry weights of plant were recorded at the treatment of 2 k-rad combined with bio-fertilizers. While, the treatment of 4 k-rad combined with bio-fertilizer was superior in increasing numbers of branch compared to the other ones.
Keywords
Anethum graveolens L., Bio-Fertilizer, Growth, Yield, Gamma Radiation
References
[01] Alaa El-Din, M.M. (1982). Bio-fertilizers requirements and application. FAO Soils Bull., 45: 164-174.
[02] Al-Humaid, A.I. (2004). Effect of bio and chemical fertilizers on the growth and essential oil yield of fennel (FoeniculumvulgareMill.). Alex. J. Agric. Res., 49 (3): 83-91.
[03] Al-Qadasi, A.S.S. (2004). Effect of biofertilization on Ocimumbasilicum L. plants. M.Sc. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Cairo Univ.
[04] Badawi, A.M.A. (2000). Effect of some agricultural treatments on growth and active ingredients in roselle plants in North Sinai. Ph. D. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Zagazig Univ.
[05] Bande, A.L., Franco, C.M. Centeno, J.A. Quinto, E.J. and A. Cepeda (1990). [Application of food irradiation: Several related aspects.]. Alimentaria, 27 (214): 23-28.
[06] Barakat, M.A.,El-Khatib,H.A., GabrS.M. and E.A. Bedawy (2004). Plant growth characters of field grown onion (Allium cepaL.) as affected by nitrogen application and biofertilizers inoculation. J. Agric. Sci., Mansoura Univ., 29 (1): 345-356.
[07] El-Kashlan, S.H. (2001). Physiological studies on roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). Ph. D. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Kafr El- Sheikh, Tanta Univ.
[08] El-Mahrouk, M.E.M. (2000). Induction of genetic variability in Gomphrenaglobosa L. plant by gamma-rays. M.Sc. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Tanta Univ, Kafr El-Sheikh.
[09] El-Naggar, A.F. (1998). Investigation on the responses of tuberose plants (Polianthes tuberose L.) cv. “double” to biofertilization with Azospirillumstrains mixture and nitrogen fertilization under four different soil textures. J. Agric. Sci., Mansoura Univ., 23 (12): 6177-6203.
[10] El-Shafie, S.A.,MazrouM.M. and S.A. El-Sayed (1993). The influence of pre-sowing laser-irradiation on the growth, productivity and some chemical constituents of Ammivisnaga L. plants. Menofiya J. Agric. Res., 18 (2): 2591-2604.
[11] El-Sherbeny, S.E.,Abou-Leila B. and M.S. Hussein (1992). Radiation effect on germination, growth and chemical constituents of Coriandrumsativum L. Egypt J. Appl. Sci., 7 (4): 536-547.
[12] El-Sherbeny, S.E.,NagiubN.Y. and M.S. Hussein (1997). Effect of gamma irradiation and sulphur fertilizer on growth and chemical composition of Hibiscus sabdariffaL. Egypt J. Physiol. Sci., 21 (1): 115-127.
[13] Farooqi, A.A.,DasharathaRao,N.D. Devaiah, K.A. and M. Vasundhara (1990). Sensitivity of davana (Artemisia pallens wall.) to gamma rays. Indian Perfumer, 34 (4): 260-262.
[14] Garcia-Gonzalez, M.M.,Farias-Rodriguez, R. Pena-Cabriales J.J. and J.M. Sanchez-Yanez (2005). Inoculation of wheat var. pavon with Azospirillum spp. and Azotobacterbeijerinckii. [Spanish]. Terra, 23: 1, 65-72.
[15] Grossmann, H.H. and R. Craig (1982). The effect of gamma irradiation of seeds on germination and plant morphology of Pelargonium hortorumL. J. of the Am. Society for Hort. Sci., 107 (1): 72.
[16] Hamed, E.S. (2004). Studies on planting of some medicinal plants in the desert. M.Sc. Thesis, Fac., of Agric., Kafr El-Sheikh, Tanta Univ.
[17] Harb, E. M.Z.; O.M. El-Shihy; A.H. H. Ahmed and R.M.S. Bayerly (2005): Effect of gamma irradiation on increasing water stress tolerance of micropropagated banana plants. Bull. of Fac. of Agric. Cairo Univ., 56 : 1, 17-53.
[18] Hassanein, R.A.M. (2003). Effect of some amino acids, trace elements and irradiation on fennel (Foeniculumvulgare L.). M.Sc. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Cairo Univ.
[19] Hauka, F. I. A. (2000). Effect of using single and composite inoculation with Azospirillumbrasilense, Bacillus megatheriumvar. macrocarpus for improving growth of Zea mays. J. Agric. Sci., Mansoura Univ., 25 (4): 2327-2338.
[20] Hussein, M.S., El-SherbenyS.E. and A.H. Hammad (1990). Effect of irradiation and molybdenum element on growth and chemical composition of Ocimumbasilicum. Egypt J. Appl. Sci., 5 (8): 697-706.
[21] Hussein, M.S., El-Sherbeny S.E. and N.Y. Nagiub (1995). The effect of γ-radiation and manganese application on growth and chemical constituents of Daturametel L. Egypt J. Physiol. Sci., 19 (1-2): 241-254.
[22] Ibrahim, Z.T. Z. (2000). Effect of some cultural practices on growth and chemical composition of some medicinal plants under conditions of Northern Sinai. Ph.D. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Kafr El-Sheikh, Tanta Univ.
[23] Ichikawa, S. (1981). Responses to ionizing radiation. In “Physiological Plant Ecology. I. Responses to the physical Environment”. Eds. Lange, O.L.; P.S.Nobel; C.B. Osmond and H. Ziegler, P. 199-228. Encyclopodia of Plant Physiology, New Series 12A.
[24] Jackson, M.L. (1967). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall of India, pp. 144-197.
[25] Kandeel, Y.M., Menesy, F.A. Khalafalla M.M. and W.M. Gad (2004,a). Effect of some comercialbiofertilizers on growth, seed, volatile oil yield and chemical composition of AnethumgraveolensL. J. Agric. Res. Tanta Univ., 30 (3): 705-720.
[26] Kandeel, Y.M.,Menesy, F.A.KhalafallaM.M. and W.M. Gad (2004,b). Effect of some comercialbiofertilizers on growth, seed, volatile oil yield and chemical composition of FoeniculumvulgareMill. J. Agric. Res. Tanta Univ., 30 (3): 721-737.
[27] Kaul, B.L., Singh,G. Zutshi U. and K. L. Dhar (1973). Radiation effects on growth and concentration of total alkaloids in DaturametelL. Indian J. Exp. Biol., 11 (2): 133-134.
[28] Khalil, M.Y., El-SherbenyS.E. and M.S. Hussein (2001). Growth, yield and chemical constituents of some medicinal plants in relation to gamma irradiation. Egypt J. Hort., 28 (3): 355-369.
[29] Knowles, R. (1978). Free living bacteria, Limitations and potential for Biological fixation in the tropics. Plenum Press, New York.
[30] Korosi, F. and I. Pal (1989). The effect of ionizing irradiation on plant organism. IV. A possible manifestation of the stimulating effect of gamma ( ) irradiation on peas. Bull. of the Univ. of Agric. Sci. Gödöllö., 1: 31-40.
[31] Korystov, Y.N. and A.A. Narimanov (1997). Low doses of ionizing radiation and hydrogen peroxide stimulate plant growth. Biologia, Bratislava, 52 (1): 121-124.
[32] Lampkin, N. (1990). Organic Farming. Farming Press Books and Video. Wharfedal Road, Ips Wich IPI, 4L G. United Kingdom. pp. 681.
[33] Larik, A.S. (1975). Induced mutations in quantitative characters of Triticum aestivum L. Genet. Agric., 29: 241-250.
[34] Morsi, L.R., R.A. Abo-Elenein R.A. and I.M. Mahmoud (1977). Studies on the induction of new genetic variability for quantitatiive traits by gamma-rays and N-Nitroso-N-Methyl-Urethan in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Egypt J. Genet. Cytol., 6 : 244-258.
[35] Pitirmovae, M.A. (1979). Effect of gamma rays and mutagens on barley seeds. Fiziologiya. Res., 6: 127-131.
[36] Rabie, K.A.E., Shehata, S.A.M. and M.A. Bondok (1996). Hormone balance, germination, growth and pod shedding for faba beans as affected by gamma irradiation. Ann. Agric. Sci., Ain Shams Univ., Cairo, 41 (2): 551-566.
[37] Ragab, A.M. and F.A. Mohamed (1983). Nutrient content of soybean plants as influenced by pre-planting gamma radiation. Proc. 1st Conf. Agron., in Cairo, 427-438.
[38] Rashed, N.M.M. (2002). Effect of fertilization on the growth and storability of some aromatic plants. M.Sc. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Kafr El-Sheikh, Tanta Univ.
[39] Roy, R.M. and G.M. Clark (1970). Carbon dioxide fixation and translocation of photoassimilates in Vicia faba following x-irradiation. Radiation Bot., 10: 101.
[40] Singh, R.; S. Suneja; K. Kukreja; N.Narula and K. Lakshminarayana (2005). Effect of bioinoculants on root regeneration in Dahlia invariabilis. Ann. of Biol., 21 (1): 87-91.
[41] Sprenat, M. (1990). Nitrogen-Fixing Organisms, P.S. Chapman and Hall, London.
[42] Stajkov, G., Ivanov K. and M. Antonov (1986). Study of the growth, physiological-biological productive changes in soybeans due to gamma radiation. Fiziologiya, na-Rasteniyata-safia-Bulgaria, 12 (1): 65-74.
[43] Steel, R.G.D. and S.H. Torrie (1980). Principales and Procedure of Statistics. Second Edition, McGrow Hill Inc.
[44] Subb-Rao, N.S. (1981). Bio-fertilizers in Agriculture. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. New Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta.
[45] Tamas, I.A. and G.J. Engels (1981). Role of indole acetic acid and abscisic acid in the correlative control by fruits of axillary bud development and leaf senescence. Plant Physiol., 68: 476-480.
[46] Yadav, S. M., Dashora S.L. and E.V.D.Sastry (1998). Effect of different doses of gamma radiation for inducing variation for various morphological traits in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Forage Res., 24 (1): 41-44.
[47] Youssef, A.A. and Z. A. Moussa (1998). Effect of gamma rays on growth and essential oil composition of chamomile (Chamomilla recutita L.). Arab Univ. J. Agric. Sci., Ain Shams Univ., Cairo, 6 (2): 301-311.
[48] Youssef, A.A., Aly M.S. and M.S. Hussein (2000). Response of geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L.) to gamma irradiation and foliar application of Speed Grow. Egypt J. Hort., 27 (1): 41-53.
[49] Youssef, A.A., Edris A.E. and A.M. Gomaa (2004).A comparative study between some plant growth regulators and certain growth hormones producing microorganisms on growth and essential oil composition of Salvia officinalis L. plants. Ann. Agric. Sci., Ain Shams Univ., Cairo, 49 (1): 299-311.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.