International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, Vol.4, No.3, Sep. 2018, Pub. Date: Aug. 10, 2018
Correlation of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate and Length of Exposure Among Petrol Pump Workers
Pages: 46-49 Views: 451 Downloads: 300
Authors
[01] Guru Karthick Kannan, Department of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, India.
[02] Ponmathi Paramanandam, Department of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, India.
Abstract
Background: Occupational exposures to petrol / diesel vapors have been shown to affect functioning of different systems of the body. So the present study is planned to assess the Peak Expiratory Flow Rate of occupational exposureamongpetrol pump workers. Objectives: To find out the Peak Expiratory Flow Rate among occupational exposed petrol pump workers. Methods: Study Design was an observational study and Study type was cross sectional. The inclusion criteria were males, age between 20 to 50 years, working as petrol/diesel filling worker at the petrol pump for at least 1 year and 8 hrs/day. Exclusion criteria were smokers, history of any respiratory or cardiac illness, musculoskeletal abnormalities involving upper trunk or rib cage and neuromuscular disease. 50 controls and 50 cases (fuel station workers) were selected from Tambaram to Chengalpattu petrol pump based on these criteria. Their Peak Expiratory Flow Rate test is done and is compared with healthy nonsmokers. Results: A significant decrease in PEFR (t = 17.92; P = 0.001) was observed between both groups. The correlation coefficient for duration of exposure vs PEFR was r = - 0.934, which was statistically significant (P = 0.001). The chi-square association also demonstratesa significant association (X2=63.460; P=0.001) between the number of years of work experience vs PEFR. Conclusion: The present study suggests that long term exposure to petrol vapors and diesel fumes leads to decrease in respiratory function among petrol pump workers.
Keywords
PEFR, Lung Function, Petrol Pump Workers
References
[01] Ayush Sinhaand Shrirang N. Patil, Pulmonary function tests in Petrol pump workers in Karad town. Int J Bio-med Res 2014.
[02] Aprajita, Neeraj Kant Panwar, Sharma R. S. A study on the Lung Function Test in Petrol – Pump workers. Journal of Clinical and Diagnosis Research 2011.
[03] Nazia, B. M. Khaja Mohinuddin Salar, et al. Impact of organic solvents and environmental pollutants on the physiological function in petrol filling workers. Int J. Environ Res & Public Health 2008.
[04] Arpana Bhide, Kaarna Munisekhar et al. Pulmonary Function Test in petrol pump workers in Chittoor District. Int J Physiother Res 2014.
[05] Ravi B, Solanki, et al. Prevalence of lung function abnormalities in petrol filling workers. International Journal of Scientific Research 2014.
[06] Mayank Singhal, Farah Khaliq, et al. Pulmonary function in Petrol Pump workers. A preliminary study. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2007.
[07] Akor – Dewu M. A., Ciroma. F. L., et al. A Preliminary study on Peak Expiratory Flow Rate and Mucociliary clearance in women exposed to biomass fuels in Zaira, Nigeria. Nigerian journal of scientific research 2014.
[08] Neena Sharma, Neeru Gupta, et al. Ventilatory impairment in Petrol Pump Workers. JK Science 2012.
[09] Hui Jean Yap, Wooi Wooi Khaw, et al. Peak Expiratory Flow Rate among an aboriginal community in Peninsular Malaysia. International J of collaborative research on Internal Medicine & Public Health 2012.
[10] Ezejindu D. H., Ujah Joseph E., et al. The Peak Expiratory Flow Rates of petrol station attendants in Nnewi using a Wright Peak Flow Meter. Int J Pharma Res and Health sciences 2014.
[11] Sadiqua Begam and MB Rathna. Pulmonary Function Tests in petrol filling workers in mysore city. Pak J Physiol 2012.
[12] Dr Bamidele Olaiya Adeniyi. Pulmonary Function and Symptoms among Petrol Pump attendants in Nigeria. Int J Bio Med Res 2014.
[13] Air Pollution is now the fifth largest killer in India says newly released Findings of global Burden of Disease report. Available from: http://cseindia.org/node/4831. [Last accessed on 2013 Jul 09].
[14] Gamble J, Jones W, Minshall S. Epidemiological Environmental study of Diesel Bus Garage workers: Acute effects of NO andrespirable particulate on the respiratory system. Environ Research 1987; 42: 201-14.
[15] Nakai S, Maeda K, Crest JST. Respiratory health associated with exposure to automobile exhaust. III. Results of a cross sectional study in 1987, and repeated pulmonary function tests from 1987 to 1990. Arch Environ Health 1999; 54: 26-32.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.