International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology
Articles Information
International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology, Vol.1, No.2, Apr. 2015, Pub. Date: Mar. 14, 2015
The Effect of Alcoholic Extract of Proboscidea Parviflora on Fusarium oxysporum and Alternaria spp
Pages: 22-25 Views: 2839 Downloads: 996
Authors
[01] Taha M. Sharief, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zalingei, Zalingei, Sudan.
[02] Mustafa M. Ali Albala, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
Abstract
The experiment was conducted during (2007/2008) at the experimental farm and plant pathology laboratory of the University of Khartoum, at Shambat, Sudan. The main objective of this experiment was to study the effect of the antimicrobial activities of Proboscidea parviflora. The experiment was laid out in randomize complete block design with four replications and five treatment to investigate the effect of the alcoholic extracts on some moulds (fungi). Fungicidal activity of alcoholic extract of wild plants Proboscidea parviflora was evaluated against the moulds species Fusarium oxysporium and Alternaria spp.. Alcoholic extracts 6% (w/v) were prepared using six grams of dried plant powders (leaves and stems) and alcohol (70% ethanol or 70% methanol). The two mould species were affected and controlled by the alcoholic extract of the leaves and stems of Proboscidea parviflora. Alcohol also had affected the mould by inhibiting their growth but lesser than leaves extract. The effect of stem extract was better than leaves extracts and alcohol against the two fungi.
Keywords
Alcoholic Extract, Mould, Fusarium, Alternaria
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