International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology
Articles Information
International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology, Vol.3, No.2, Apr. 2017, Pub. Date: Dec. 9, 2017
Phytochemical and Biological Evaluation of Pergularia tomentosa L. (Solanaceae) Naturally Growing in Arid Ecosystem
Pages: 7-15 Views: 558 Downloads: 1019
Authors
[01] Suliman Mohammed Alghanem, Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Tabuk University, Tabuk, KSA.
[02] Yasser Ahmed El-Amier, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.
Abstract
A systematic study of the use of local plants in health care and management of biological control of weeds is very important. The present study aims to evaluate the biological activity of Pergularia tomentosa L. (milk weed, family Asclepiadeceae). Total phenolics, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, glucosides and steroids were determined in the studied plant. The antioxidant activity was measured based on the reduction of DPPH. The IC50 values of the antioxidant inhibition of P. tomentosa were 2.86, 3.34, 5.68 and 5.97 mg.ml-1 in case of methyl alcohol, ethyl acetate, hexane and petroleum ether extracts, respectively. In the present study methyl alcohol extract of P. tomentosa exhibited appreciable broad spectrum (89%) against both bacteria and fungi, followed by ethyl acetate (56%), acetone and methylene chloride extracts (34%, each) then petroleum ether (22.2%). The pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus, S. aureus and B. subtilis (12.5, 9.7 and 9.3 mm, respectively) were the most sensitive bacteria in case of methyl alcohol, ethyl acetate and methylene chloride extracts, respectively. The results of the current study showed that the methyl alcohol extract of P. tomentosa inhibited seed germination of C. murale varied between percent 10.42 to 85.42, depending on the extract concentration. Similar inhibitory effects on radicle and plumule growth were observed. This study revealed that P. tomentosa extracts can be used as natural antimicrobial agents in pharmaceutical and bio-control of weeds.
Keywords
Pergularia tomentosa, Bioactive Compounds, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Allelopathy
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