International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology
Articles Information
International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology, Vol.5, No.1, Mar. 2019, Pub. Date: Apr. 29, 2019
Impact of Vegetation for Nutrient Cycling and Maintaining Soil Fertility in Collected Plants from Wadi Fatimah, Makkah, KSA
Pages: 11-24 Views: 242 Downloads: 117
Authors
[01] Hameda El Sayed Ahmed El Sayed, Biology Department, Faculty of Applied Science, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
[02] Abdel Khalik Kadry, Biology Department, Faculty of Applied Science, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, Sohag, Egyp.
[03] Tarek Saif, Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia; National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Cairo, Egypt.
Abstract
Background and Objective: Wadi Fatimah creates in the Hijaz mountains of Saudi Arabia. It runs about 70 km long across the territory of the Tihamah coastal plain west of the mountain chain at elevations ranging between 0 to 500 m. It is one of the most important wadi which runs between Makkah and Jeddah. The importance of the phytogeography of Saudi Arabia is the result of its location of the meeting point of Asia and Africa continents, and two or three major plant geographic regions. It’s the land play a great role as an avenue by which plant species could penetrate or migrate between these regions. Materials and Methods: This study concluded that the macro and micronutrient increased significantly in the soil and transfer to the plants parts (roots & shoots) in different areas of the Wadi Fatimah in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia under normal climatic stress. It’s the land play a great role as an avenue by which plant species could penetrate or migrate between these regions. In addition, the results: indicated that the contents of macro and micro nutrient mineral elements (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, Fe, Zn, Mn & Cu) increased significantly under normal climatic area stress in the session 2015-2016 compared with the normal compositions. The heavy metals (Cd+; Cr+; Ni+; Pb+) contents in different soils and plants collected from different areas of Wadi Fatimah concentrated in plants. In general, the nutrient elements were the main mechanisms used by the plant to raise its efficiency to bear the outside stress for growth and increased vegetative plants. The conclusion indicated that the contents of macro and microelements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, N, P, Fe, Mn, B, Zn, Cu and Cl) increased significantly under field conditions in the shoots and roots compared with the soils. The data provide strong support to the hypothesis that exogenous of nutrient elements reduces the harmful effects of salinity and increases resistance to salinity in collected plants.
Keywords
Nutrient Mineral Elements Nutrient Cycling, Wade Fatimah, Soil Fertility, Relationship
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