International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology
Articles Information
International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology, Vol.1, No.4, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: May 26, 2015
Essential Oil Composition of Marrubium vulgare L. Cultivated in Egypt
Pages: 138-141 Views: 2667 Downloads: 1535
Authors
[01] Hussein A. H. Said-Al Ahl, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
[02] Ahmed S. H. Gendy, HorticultureDepartment, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
[03] Abeer A. Mahmoud, Botany Department (Plant Physiology Section), Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
[04] Hanaa F. Y. Mohamed, Botany Department (Plant Physiology Section), Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Abstract
The essential oil of the aerial parts of Marrubium vulgare L. (Lamiaceae) obtained by hydro distillation was analyzed by GC/MS in order to determine their chemical composition. Thirty-two components in the oil of M. vulgare were identified. The GC/MS revealed the presence of carvacrol (36.28%), β-phellandrene (15.49%), carvyl acetate (11.52%) which represents the main compounds of volatile oil extracted from Marrubium vulgare fresh herb. Other important compounds as trans-caryophyllene (4.06%), linalool (3.86%), α-terpinene (3.83%),β-pinene (3.53%), trans-sabinene hydrate (3.29%), β-thujone (2.93%), 1-octen-3-ol (2.48%), 1,8-cineol (1.49%), α-Pinene (1.44%) and borneol (1.12%) were reported in Marrubium vulgare essential oil cultivated in Egypt.
Keywords
Marrubium Vulgare, Essential Oil, Carvacrol, β-Phellandrene, Carvyl Acetate
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